Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit (Latin: Archidioecesis Detroitensis) is an archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church covering (as of 2005) the Michigan counties of Lapeer, Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne. It is the metropolitan archdiocese for the Roman Catholic Ecclesiastical Province of Detroit, which includes all dioceses in the state of Michigan. In addition, in 2000 the archdiocese accepted pastoral responsibility for the Roman Catholic Church in the Cayman Islands, which consists of Saint Ignatius Parish on Grand Cayman (the Archdiocese of Kingston maintains a mission sui iuris jurisdiction over the Cayman Islands).
Archdiocese of Detroit
Cathedral of the Most Blessed Sacrament
|Territory||Counties of Lapeer, Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne|
|Area||3,901 km2 (1,506 sq mi)|
|(as of 2017)|
|Established||March 8, 1833 (186 years ago)|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of the Most Blessed Sacrament|
|Patron saint||St. Anne|
|Archbishop||Allen Henry Vigneron|
|Auxiliary Bishops||Gerard William Battersby|
Robert Joseph Fisher
|Vicar General||Very Rev. Jeff Day|
|Bishops emeritus||Adam Joseph Cardinal Maida|
Francis R. Reiss
Established as the Diocese of Detroit on March 8, 1833, it was elevated to archiepiscopal status on May 22, 1937. Ste. Anne's in Detroit is the second oldest continuously-operating Roman Catholic Parish in the United States dating from July 26, 1701; it now serves a large Hispanic congregation.
The Cathedral of the Most Blessed Sacrament, located at 9844 Woodward Avenue, in Detroit has served as the mother church since 1938. Earlier cathedrals were: Ste. Anne de Detroit, 1833 to 1848; Sts. Peter and Paul Church, 1848 to 1877; 1877 to 1890, St. Aloysius (as pro-cathedral), 1890 to 1938, St. Patrick's Church at 124 Adelaide Street.
Before the Diocese of Detroit was formed, Michigan had been under the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Diocese of Quebec from 1701 until sometime after 1796; de facto American sovereignty was established in that year. At the time, the Diocese of Baltimore encompassed the whole of the United States. Upon the creation of diocesan seats at Bardstown (1808) and later, at Cincinnati (1821), Detroit and Michigan were assigned to those sees.
Pope Gregory XVI formed the Diocese of Detroit March 8, 1833, and named Frederick Rese as its first bishop. At the time it covered Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota and the Dakotas to the Missouri River. In 1843, all territory of the diocese not incorporated into the State of Michigan was transferred to the Diocese of Milwaukee.
On July 29, 1853, Pope Pius IX formed the Vicarate Apostolic of Upper Michigan, with responsibility for the Upper Peninsula. The territory of the diocese would be further reduced to its current size by the organization of the dioceses of Grand Rapids (1882), Lansing (1937), and shortly after the see was elevated to the status of an archdiocese, Saginaw (1938).
The son of Prussian Polish immigrants, Rev. John A. Lemke, born in Detroit on February 10, 1866, was the first native-born Roman Catholic priest of Polish descent to be ordained in America. He was baptized at St. Mary Roman Catholic Church (1843), at the corner of St. Antoine and Croghan (Monroe Street), on February 18, 1866, attended St. Albertus for his primary education, and studied at Detroit College (now the University of Detroit Mercy), where he received a bachelor's degree in 1884. After attending St. Mary's in Baltimore, he completed his theological studies at St. Francis Seminary in Monroe, Michigan, and he was ordained by Bishop John Samuel Foley in 1889. His added confirmation name was Aloysius.
In January 1989, Cardinal Edmund Szoka implemented a controversial plan to close 30 churches within the city of Detroit. He also ordered 25 other parishes to improve their situation or also face closure. The plan resulted from a five-year study which analyzed maintenance costs, priest availability, parish income and membership before recommending closure of 43 parishes.
On May 5, 2011, Archbishop Allen Vigneron announced that Pope Benedict XVI approved his request to name Saint Anne as patroness of Detroit. The Papal decree stated that Saint Anne has been the city's patroness since time immemorial.
On February 21, 2012, Vigneron announced a second plan to consolidate churches to address declining membership and clergy availability within the archdiocese. Under the plan, two parishes would close in 2012 and 60 others were to consolidate into 21 by the end of 2013. Six additional parishes were asked to submit a viable plan to repay debt or merge with other churches and the remaining 214 parishes in the archdiocese were asked to submit plans by the end of 2012 to share resources or merge.
On June 3, 2017, the archdiocese adopted a new coat of arms featuring the archdiocesan patroness St. Anne, three stars representing the Trinity, a door representing Blessed Solanus Casey of Detroit, and waves representing the Great Lakes. It replaced a coat of arms featuring antlers and martlets that was adopted upon the diocese's elevation to archdiocese in 1937.
Reports of Sex Abuse
In August 2002, four priests who served in the Archdiocese of Detroit were arrested and charged with committing acts of sex abuse against minors in the Detroit area as far back as the 1960s. All four priests, Harry Benjamin, Rev. Robert Burkholder, Rev. Edward Olszewski, Jason E. Sigler, were convicted in 2003.
On May 24, 2019, it was revealed that five priests who served in the Archdiocese of Detroit and its suffragan Dioceses of Lansing and Kalamazoo were charged with sex abuse. Michigan Attorney General Dana Nessel, who charged the priests, stated that four of them have been arrested in Arizona, California, Florida and Michigan, and the fifth awaits extradition from India. A sixth priest who faces an administrative complaint has had his counseling license suspended by the state. Two of the charged priests, Patrick Casey and Neil Kalina, answered directly to the Archdiocese of Detroit. Kalina, who was arrested in California, was charged with four counts of second-degree criminal sexual conduct involving a boy between the ages of 12 and 14 and for also supplying the boy with cocaine and marijuana. Casey, who was arrested in the Michigan city of Oak Park, was charged with raping a suicidal gay man in his 20s whom Casey was counseling during confession.
On July 7, 2019, the Archdiocese of Detroit announced the removal of prominent priest Rev. Eduard Perrone from public ministry in the Diocese, after determining that allegations that he sexually abused a child decades ago were "credible." On July 8, 2019, local priest Rev. Joseph "Jack" Baker was arrested and charged with first-degree criminal sexual conduct with someone under 13. In June 2019, the Archdiocese of Detroit placed limits on Baker's public ministry.
On October 8, Casey pled to guilty to a misdemeanor charge of aggravated assault after a Detroit area-jury struggled to obtain the unanimous votes needed to convict him on the more serious charge of third degree sexual conduct. This charge carries a maximum sentence of only one year in prison. At this time, it was also reported that Kalina was not out on bond and still remained incarcerated at the Macomb County jail. Kalina had been convicted of the drug distribution charge in July 2019. However, Baker remains free on bond.
|Academy of the Sacred Heart aka Grosse Pointe Academy||1928||171 Lake Shore Road, Grosse Pointe Farms
|Tudor Revival||William Schickel,
Magginnis and Walsh
|Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Church||1928||13770 Gratiot Ave., Detroit
|Neo-Gothic,||Herman & Simons||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|Bishop Gallagher Residence||1925||1880 Wellesley, Detroit
|Tudor Revival||McGinnis and Walsh||Part of the Palmer Woods Historic District listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and as a Michigan Historic Site. Sold in 1989|
|Cathedral of the Most Blessed Sacrament||1913||9844 Woodward Ave., Detroit
|Neo-Gothic||Henry A. Walsh||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|Chapel of St. Theresa-the Little Flower, aka St. Patrick's||1926||58 Parsons St., Detroit
|Neo-Romanesque||Donaldson and Meier||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Formerly a chapel of St. Patrick's Cathedral; closed in 2015|
|Most Holy Redeemer Church||1922||1721 Junction Ave., Detroit
|Late 19th And 20th Century Revivals, Late Victorian, Romanesque||Donaldson and Meier||Part of the West Vernor-Junction Historic District listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|Sacred Heart Major Seminary||1923||2701 W. Chicago Blvd., Detroit
|Classical Revival, Collegiate Gothic||Donaldson and Meier||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|Sacred Heart Roman Catholic Church||1875||1000 Elliot Street, Detroit 42°21′3″N 83°2′47″W||Italianate, Romanesque Revival||Peter J. Diederichs||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|St. Albertus Roman Catholic Church||1885||4231 St. Aubin Street, Detroit 42°21′36″N 83°2′31″W||Gothic Revival||Henry Engelbert||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|St. Aloysius Church and Chancery||1924
|1234 Washington Boulevard, Detroit
|Romanesque Revival||Donaldson and Meier||Part of the Washington Boulevard Historic District listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site. Chancery sold in 2015 and offices relocated.|
|St. Anthony Cathedral Abbey Roman Catholic Church||1901||5247 Sheridan Street, Detroit||Romanesque Revival||Donaldson and Meier||Listed as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|Ste. Anne de Detroit Catholic Church||1886||1000 Ste. Anne Street, Detroit
|Classical Revival, Late Gothic Revival||Leon Coquard||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|St. Bonaventure Monastery||1883||1740 Mt. Elliott, Detroit
|Gothic Revival||Peter J. Diederichs||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|St. Catherine of Siena Roman Catholic Church||1929||4151 Seminole, Detroit
|Romanesque Revival||Donaldson and Meier||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|St. Charles Borromeo Roman Catholic Church||1912||1515 Baldwin Street, Detroit
|Late 19th And 20th Century Revivals, Prairie School, Romanesque||Van Leyen & Schilling; Peter Dederichs||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|St. Florian Church||1928||2626 Poland Street, Hamtramck
|Late Gothic Revival, Bungalow/Craftsman||Ralph Adams Cram||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|St. Hugo in the Hills Catholic Church||1931, 1989||2215 Opdyke Road, Bloomfield Hills||Gothic Revival||Artur Des Rossiers, Harley Ellington Pierce Yee & Associates|
|St. Josaphat Roman Catholic Church||1901||715 E. Canfield Avenue, Detroit
|Romanesque Revival||Joseph G. Kastler, William E. N. Hunter||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|St. Joseph Roman Catholic Church||1870||1828 Jay Street, Detroit
|Late Gothic Revival; German Hall Church||Francis G. Himpler; Donaldson and Meier||St. Joseph's is an authentic German parish noted for its architecture and stained glass. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|St. Mary Roman Catholic Church||1875||646 Monroe Street, Detroit
|Romanesque Revival||Peter J. Dederichs||Listed as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|Saints Peter and Paul Church||1848||629 E. Jefferson Avenue, Detroit
|Romanesque Revival||Francis Letouneau, Peter Kindenkins||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|Saints Peter and Paul Academy, aka St. Patrick Senior Center||1892||64 Parsons Street, Detroit
|Gothic Revival||Leon Coquard||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places.|
|St. Stanislaus Bishop and Martyr Roman Catholic Church||1900||5818 Dubois, Detroit
|Late Gothic Revival, Beaux-Arts, Renaissance||Kastler & Hunter, Harry J. Rill||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|St. Theresa of Avila Roman Catholic Church||1919||8666 Quincy Avenue, Detroit
|Romanesque Revival||Van Leyen, Schilling & Keough, Edward Schilling||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|Saint Paul Catholic Church||1899||157 Lake Shore Road, Grosse Pointe Farms
|French Gothic||Harry J. Rill||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
|National Shrine of the Little Flower Basilica||1936||1200 W. Twelve Mile Road, Royal Oak
|Art Deco||Henry J. McGill||Constructed by "Radio Priest" Fr. Charles Coughlin and declared a National Shrine in 1998. Declared a Minor Basilica in 2015.|
|Sweetest Heart of Mary Roman Catholic Church||1893||4440 Russell Street, Detroit
|Gothic Revival||Spier and Rohns||Detroit's largest Catholic Church designed in a Victorian Gothic Cathedral style. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a Michigan Historic Site.|
Bishops of Detroit
Archbishops of Detroit
- Cardinal Edward Aloysius Mooney (1937-1958)
- Cardinal John Francis Dearden (1958-1980)
- Cardinal Edmund Casimir Szoka (1981-1990), appointed President of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See and later President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State and Governatorate of Vatican City State
- Cardinal Adam Joseph Maida (1990-2009)
- Allen Henry Vigneron (2009–present)
Coadjutor bishop (who did not become diocesan bishop)
- Peter Paul Lefevere (1841–1869)
- Edward Denis Kelly (1910-1919), appointed Bishop of Grand Rapids
- Joseph Casimir Plagens (1924-1935), appointed Bishop of Sault-Sainte Marie-Marquette
- Stephen Stanislaus Woznicki (1937-1950), appointed Bishop of Saginaw
- Allen James Babcock (1947-1954), appointed Bishop of Grand Rapids
- Alexander Mieceslaus Zaleski (1950-1964), appointed Coadjutor Bishop and later Bishop of Lansing
- John Anthony Donovan (1954-1967), appointed Bishop of Toledo
- Henry Edmund Donnelly (1954-1967)
- Joseph Matthew Breitenbeck (1965-1969), appointed Bishop of Grand Rapids
- Walter Joseph Schoenherr (1968-1995)
- Joseph Leopold Imesch (1973-1979), appointed Bishop of Joliet in Illinois
- Arthur Henry Krawczak (1973-1982)
- Dale Joseph Melczek (1982-1992), appointed Apostolic Administrator and later Coadjutor Bishop and Bishop of Gary
- Patrick Ronald Cooney (1982-1989), appointed Bishop of Gaylord
- Moses B. Anderson, SSE (1982-2003)
- Thomas Gumbleton (1986-2006)
- Bernard Joseph Harrington (1993-1998), appointed Bishop of Winona
- Kevin Michael Britt (1993-2002), appointed Coadjutor Bishop and later Bishop of Grand Rapids
- John Clayton Nienstedt (1996-2001), appointed Bishop of New Ulm
- Leonard Paul Blair (1999-2003), appointed Bishop of Toledo
- Earl Alfred Boyea, Jr. (2002-2008), appointed Bishop of Lansing
- John Michael Quinn (2003-2008), appointed Coadjutor Bishop and later Bishop of Winona
- Francis R. Reiss (2003-2015)
- Walter A. Hurley (2003-2005), appointed Bishop of Grand Rapids
- Daniel Ernest Flores (2006-2009), appointed Bishop of Brownsville
- Michael Jude Byrnes (2011-2016), appointed Coadjutor Archbishop and later Archbishop of Agana in Guam
- Donald Hanchon (2011–present)
- Arturo Cepeda (2011–present)
- Gerard William Battersby (2016–present)
- Robert Joseph Fisher (2016–present)
Other priests of this diocese who became bishops
- Camillus Paul Maes, appointed Bishop of Covington in 1884
- Francis Clement Kelley, appointed Bishop of Oklahoma in 1924
- William Francis Murphy, appointed Bishop of Saginaw in 1938
- Kenneth Edward Untener, appointed Bishop of Saginaw in 1980
- Alexander Joseph Brunett, appointed Bishop of Helena in 1994
- Jeffrey Marc Monforton, appointed Bishop of Steubenville in 2012
- Robert John McClory, appointed Bishop of Gary in 2019
As of 2013 the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit had 96 schools with 30,000 students. As of 2013 there are four Catholic grade schools and three Catholic high schools in the City of Detroit, with all of them in the city's west side.
In the 1964-1965 school year, there were 360 schools operated by the archdiocese, with about 110 grade schools in Detroit, Hamtramck, and Highland Park and 55 high schools in those three cities. There were a total of 203,000 students in the Catholic schools. The Catholic school population has decreased due to the increase of charter schools, increasing tuition at Catholic schools, the small number of African-American Catholics, White Catholics moving to suburbs, and the decreased number of teaching nuns.
Universities and colleges
- "Archdiocese of Detroit". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
- "St. Ignatius Parish". Archdiocese of Detroit. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
- "About the parish". Saint Ignatius Parish. July 17, 2010. Archived from the original on March 5, 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
- "Mission "Sui Iuris" of Cayman Islands". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved January 21, 2015.
- Woodford, Arthur M. (2001). This is Detroit 1701–2001. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-8143-2914-6.
- Poremba, David Lee (2001). Detroit in Its World Setting (timeline). Wayne State University Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-8143-2870-5.
- "History". Archdiocese of Detroit. Retrieved March 16, 2016.
- "History". Ss. Peter and Paul Jesuit Church.,
- Austin, Dan. "St. Patrick Catholic Church". Historic Detroit.
- Treppa, Alan R. Rev. John A. Lemke: America's First Native Born Roman Catholic Priest.St. Albertus.org. Retrieved on July 25, 2008. Archived July 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Cardinal of Detroit Orders 30 Parishes In the City to Close". The New York Times. Associated Press. January 9, 1989. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- "Detroit Prelate Backs Plan to Close 43 Churches". Los Angeles Times. October 15, 1988. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- "County Membership Report: Wayne County, Michigan". Association of Religion Data Archives. 2010.
- Kohn, Joe (May 6, 2011). "Saint Anne declared patroness for Church of Detroit". The Michigan Catholic. Archdiocese of Detroit. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Brand-Williams, Orlandar (February 21, 2012). "31 Catholic parishes face consolidation". The Detroit News. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Stechschulte, Mike (June 3, 2017). "Archdiocese's new coat of arms a visual reminder of Church's mission". The Michigan Catholic. Retrieved September 30, 2018.
- "4 Ex-Detroit Priests Are Charged With Sex Abuse Dating From 60's". The New York Times. Associated Press. August 28, 2002. Retrieved July 31, 2019.
- "The Latest: 5 priests charged with sex crimes in Michigan". Crux. Associated Press. May 24, 2019.
- Warikoo, Niraj (May 24, 2019). "5 Catholic priests charged in Michigan sex abuse investigation". Detroit Free Press.
- "Detroit priest removed by archdiocese because of 'credible' sexual abuse allegation". Detroit Free Press. Associated Press. July 7, 2019.
- "Metro Detroit priest charged with sexually abusing minor". Detroit Free Press. Associated Press.
- Historic sites online.Michigan Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved on December 11, 2007. Archived March 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- National Register of Historic Places - Michigan: Wayne County. National Park Service. Retrieved on December 12, 2007.
- "New Chancery, new beginning: Better to serve". The Michigan Catholic. February 20, 2015. Retrieved March 16, 2016.
- St. Paul Roman Catholic Church Complex Archived June 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Michigan Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved on December 11, 2007.
- "Maida, Adam Joseph". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved May 6, 2011.
- Kohn, Joe (February 6, 2009). "Archbishop Vigneron installed as 10th chief shepherd of Detroit diocese". The Michigan Catholic. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Greilick, John T. (May 5, 2011). "Three auxililiary bishops of Detroit ordained". The Detroit News. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Montemurri, Patricia (February 1, 2013). "Detroit area's Catholic schools shrink, but tradition endures". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on September 13, 2014.
- Haddad, Ken (June 12, 2019). "Marygrove College to close in December after 92 years in Detroit". WDIV News.
References and further reading
- Godzak, Roman (2000). Archdiocese of Detroit (Images of America). Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-0797-2.
- Godzak, Roman (2004). Catholic Churches of Detroit (Images of America). Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-3235-6.
- Godzak, Roman (2000). Make Straight the Path: A 300 Year Pilgrimage Archdiocese of Detroit. Editions du Signe. ISBN 978-2-7468-0145-5.
- Hill, Eric J.; Gallagher, John (2003). AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 978-0-8143-3120-0.
- Muller, Herman Joseph (1976). The University of Detroit 1877-1977: A Centennial History. University of Detroit. ASIN B0006CVJ4S.
- Tentler, Leslie Woodcock (1992). Seasons of Grace: A History of the Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 978-0-8143-2106-5.
- Tutag, Nola Huse; Hamilton, Lucy (1988). Discovering Stained Glass in Detroit. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 978-0-8143-1875-1.
- Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit Official Site
- Archdiocese of Detroit Website (Archive)
- Archdiocese of Detroit Website (Archive)
- Archdiocese of Detroit at http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org
- "Letter from Kerala Catholic Association to Rev. Adam J. Maida, Archbishop of Detroit" in the South Asian American Digital Archive (SAADA)