Rohtak (listen ) is a city and the administrative headquarters of the Rohtak district in the Indian state of Haryana. It lies 70 kilometres (43 mi) north west of New Delhi and 250 kilometres (160 mi) south of the state capital Chandigarh on NH 9(old NH 10). Rohtak forms a part of the National Capital Region (NCR), so it can obtain cheap loans for infrastructure development from the NCR Planning Board.[5]

M.D. University, Rohtak
Location in Haryana, India
Rohtak (India)
Rohtak (Asia)
Coordinates: 28.8909°N 76.5796°E / 28.8909; 76.5796
  BodyMunicipal Corporation of Rohtak
  Member of ParliamentArvind Kumar Sharma (BJP)
  Member of Legislative AssemblyBharat Bhushan Batra (INC.)
  MayorManmohan Goyal
  Total115 km2 (44 sq mi)
Area rank5
220 m (720 ft)
  Density3,300/km2 (8,400/sq mi)
  Additional officialEnglish, Punjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
124 001 – 124 017
Telephone code91 1262 XXX XXX
Vehicle registrationHR 12 (Private), HR 46 (Commercial)
Major HighwaysNH10, NH71, NH71A & SH18
Nearest CityJhajjar, Sonipat, New Delhi
Railways Stations in CityRohtak Jn, Bohar Jn
Sex ratio1.13[4] /
Vidhan Sabha constituencyRohtak City
Planning agencyHaryana Urban Development Authority
Civic agencyMunicipal Corporation of Rohtak
Avg. summer temperature44 °C (111 °F)
Avg. winter temperature0 °C (32 °F)

Rohtak is the sixth most populous city in Haryana as per the 2011 census with population of 374,292 and has literacy rate of 84.08.

Clay mounds of coins discovered at Khokhrakot have thrown important light on the process of casting coins in ancient India. The coin moulds of the later Yadhyayas of the 3rd or 4th century AD have been discovered in large number here of the same and subsequent dates are several clay sealings. A Gupta terracotta plaque and a head of later date have also been discovered. The town continued to flourish till the 10th century AD as coins of Samanta Deva, the Hindu King of Kabul have been found here.[6]

Art and culture

A very old and antique heritage has been preserved in Rohtak. Baba Mast Nath Math, Gokaran, kiloi temple, and several more such fine looking buildings erected in traditional Indian and Mughal styles such as spacious havelis with ornate facade, finely carved wooden door sets and sandstone pillars, mosques that were once lavishly decorated in stucco work, dharamshalas with fine looking statues of Radha and Krishna and temple spires and are few of them. The survey was extended to study a few large village estates such as Balambha, Farmana Khas, Lakhan Majra, jassia, Bhaini Surjan and Meham by Society for Peoples’ Advancement, Technology and Heritage (SOPATH). The present Monastery was founded by Baba Mast Nath in 1731.

  • Medieval Times

A centuries-old fort was situated at Rohtak, in present Quila Mohlla. That fort was built by shekhs of Yaman under Kazi Sultan Muhammad Surkh during Ghori Dynasty kings. The then emperor Delhi Mahmud Tughlaq posted two brothers named Malik Idrees and Mubariz Khan at that fort in 1400. The fort of Rohtak was besieged by Sayad Khizer Khan in 1410 which could only succeed after a long seize of six months.[7]

  • British period (1800-1947)

Rohtak is among the oldest organised districts of Haryana; the British officers used to reside here since 1810. Those British constructed a Church at Rohtak, which was completed in 1867. It was named as All Saints Church. Its central hall was built by Maj. Feindala in the memory of his daughter Athel Nora, while the contribution for woodwork was given by JF Bruster and RF Kalenal.[7] There are some tombstones, having dated inscriptions in the graveyard near mini secretariat building of Rohtak. Previously it was said to be surrounded by a garden, but now only a narrow strip of land is left for this cemetery. It has some 180-year-old historic tombstones, including one identified to be that of DC Moore. This centuries old cemetery is currently in a deserted condition and a thick thorny vegetation growth has covered the tombs stones there.[7]



Average annual rainfall in Rohtak city is 458.5mm (18.0 inch).[8] Rohtak's climate shows extreme variation in temperature. It does not usually fall below freezing point in the winter months from November to January. In summer from April to July, the day temperature generally remains between 30 °C and 40 °C occasionally going up to 48 °C on a few days.

  • Lowest: 0 °C (32 °F)
  • Highest: 48 °C (118 °F)
Climate data for Delhi (70km from Rohtak)[9]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.0
Average high °C (°F) 21.0
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.3
Average low °C (°F) 7.6
Record low °C (°F) −0.6
Average precipitation mm (inches) 19
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.7 2.5 2.5 2.0 2.8 5.5 13.0 12.1 5.7 1.7 0.6 1.6 51.7
Average relative humidity (%) 63 55 47 34 33 46 70 73 62 52 55 62 54
Mean monthly sunshine hours 214.6 216.1 239.1 261.0 263.1 196.5 165.9 177.0 219.0 269.3 247.2 215.8 2,684.6
Source #1: NOAA[10]
Source #2: Indian Meteorological Department[11]



Annual rainfall of the district is about 58 cm. The rainfall is unevenly distributed and decreases from south east to south west. The rainy season is from July to September. About 80% of the total rainfall is received during this period. Some rainfall is received from western disturbances during the winter season. Due the low rainfall and its short duration, agricultural activities are mostly dependent upon canal irrigation and tubewells.[14]


The development of the area largely depends over the quality as well as quantity of ground water. As far as Rohtak District is concerned ground water occurs in semi-confined to unconfined aquifers. The unconfined aquifers are tapped by dugwells. While the semi-confined aquifers are tapped by shallow tubewells which are 22,000 in number.[14]


Industrial areas and townships

As of 2018, Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation (HSIIDC) has developed an Industrial Model Township (IMT). MNCs like Maruti Suzuki, Asian Paints, Suzuki Motorcycle, Nippon Carbide, Amul, Lakshmi Precision Screws and Aisin Automotive launched work on projects.[15]

Maruti research and development plant

Maruti is developing a mega research and development facility at Rohtak. The progress as R C Bhargava, non-executive chairman of Maruti Suzuki India, says "We will be able to do research and development and testing comparable to anything Japan has. We used to send all our models to Japan for testing; all that can be done here. There will be saving of time and money."[16]

Smart City contender

Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar's hometown, Karnal, tops the cities shortlisted by the screening committee for the ‘smart city’ tag at a meeting. Faridabad was placed second while Gurgaon, Rohtak and Hisar could seize only the third spot. The Department of Urban Local Bodies asked for recommendations for smart city contenders from all municipal bodies.[17]

Rohtak's Ex Mayor Renu Dabla (presently Manmohan Goyal)has stated that the process adopted for the selection of Haryana districts for the Smart City project was biased and based on political considerations.[18]


The Municipal Corporation has prepared a strategy for future developments, that includes new residential areas, healthy environment, and maintained roads.Manohar Lal Khattar, the Haryana CM, formally launched the project on March 17, 2018. The ambitious, 6-km track, costing around Rs 316 crore, is set to come up on the Rohtak-Panipat line in 18 months, and the existing railway track will be replaced by a road, which will be built at the cost of Rs 8 crore.[19]


The city hosts the Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (PGIMS)and Civil Hospital, both of which are operated by the State Government. There are also various privately operated medical facilities. Pt B.D.Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak has situated at a distance of about 240  km from Chandigarh and about 70  km from Delhi on Delhi-Hissar-Sirsa-Fazilka National Highway (NH-10). It is the only major Institution for Medical Education and Research and a tertiary care centre for provision of specialised health care services not only to the people of the State of Haryana, but also to those from Punjab, Rajasthan, Delhi and western U.P. The Institute was started under the name of Medical College, Rohtak in the year 1960. For the first three years, the students were admitted to Medical College, Patiala which acted as a host Institution. In 1963, the students were shifted to Rohtak. In the subsequent years, multifaceted expansion measures have transformed the Institute into a fully developed centre of Medical Education and research in all the major disciplines of Medicine. In the year 1994, Medical College, Rohtak was renamed as Pt. B.D.Sharma, Medical College, Rohtak and subsequently, it was upgraded to a Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences in the year 1995. Today Pt. B.D.Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak is a famous institution not only for medical education but also for the healthcare facilities both at the National as well as International level. The Institute complex houses the following buildings:

  • Medical College
  • Well Equipped Hospital of 1246 beds
  • Super-specialty Centre
  • Multislice whole-body CT Scan building
  • De-addiction centre
  • Dental College and Hospital
  • Pharmacy College
  • College of Nursing
  • Fully Air Conditioned OPD Centre

The Institute has a remarkably well-developed campus spread over an area of 350 acres of land. During the 50 years of its existence, Pt. B.D.Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak has witnessed a phenomenal growth achieving not only its designated goals but also in expanding its horizons to set newer objectives completely commensurable with the requirements of the National goal of “Health for all by 2020”.[20] Some other medical colleges -


The Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) has developed the Rajiv Gandhi Sports Complex. in Sector-6 completed in 2012. The complex includes cricket, hockey and football facilities, tennis courts, an athletics stadium, wrestling hall, swimming pools and other leisure facilities. An athletic pavilion has also been constructed at the sports complex. The pavilion has a height of 100 feet and it has a capacity to accommodate 8000 spectators. A synthetic track has also been constructed in front of the pavilion for warming up of athletes. Apart from this, three earthen mounts have been developed on international standard and these would provide seating capacity for 22,000 spectators. Therefore, in all, a total of 30,000 spectators would be able to view the sports activities in this sports complex.[21]

Chaudhary Bansi Lal Cricket Stadium is a cricket ground in the Lahli, Rohtak(Haryana). The Stadium can accommodate only 8,000 spectators. The ground came into the limelight when Sachin Tendulkar played his last Ranji match in October 2013


The Haryana Government has asked the Union Government to declare Haryana Sub-Region (HSR) a zone of strategic national interest. HSR consists of 35 urban centres, including Gurgaon, Faridabad, Panipat, Sonepat and Rohtak. The growth rate of urban population in the zone has been above 60 per cent, the highest among all the constituents of National Capital Region. These urban centres face a rapid growth in population as the workforce travels to work from here to the Capital.[22]


In NCR out of 108 towns only 33 towns have sewerage system and even in these 33 towns, the coverage can at best be classified as partial. The network coverage in some of the important cities in NCR includes NCT Delhi, Meerut, Ghaziabad, Noida, Faridabad, Panipat, Gurgaon, Rohtak, Sonepat and Alwar where Rohtak was completed 65% in 2001 and 90% in 2011 according to an official report.[23][24]



Rohtak is connected to seven cities by three national highways NH 9, NH 709, NH 352 (old NH 10, NH71, and NH71A) and two State Highways (SH16 and SH18). National Highway 9 from New Delhi to Rohtak is upgraded to six lanes with 30 km Rohtak City Bypass, so that the vehicles travelling between New Delhi and Hisar do not have to enter Rohtak city. National Highway 9 from Rohtak to Hissar and several cities of Punjab is being widened to a four-lane highway.

National highway

Three National Highways, NH-9 (Malaut, Punjab to Askot in Uttarakhand), NH-709 (Rajgarh, Haryana to Panipat, Haryana) and NH-352 (Narwana to Rewari) pass through the city. Rohtak is connected to Delhi through NH-9, and currently the road is being widened to six lanes by NHAI, with the plans to develop the entire corridor as an industrial area. NH-352 From Rewari to Rohtak is 4 lanes, and NH-709 from Rohtak to Panipat is 4 lanes.


Rohtak City is a railway junction with connections to Delhi, Panipat, Rewari, Bhiwani and Jind converging on the city. Rohtak is connected to Bahadurgarh through Delhi line, to Gohana through Panipat line and Jhajjar through Rewari line. Delhi and Jind connections are part of the Delhi-Fazilka line, and the line is double tracked from Delhi to Bhatinda, Punjab, India, and is electrified between Delhi and Bhatinda. All other lines are single track and electrified i.e. Rohtak Rewari Line, Rohtak Hisar Line (via Bhiwani).[25]

Rohtak Junction railway station is served by three Shatabdi Express services (New Delhi Moga Shatabdi Express, New Delhi Bathinda Shatabdi Express and New Delhi Ludhiana Shatabdi Express) and Ajmer Chandigarh Garib Rath Express.[26]

The railway track between New Delhi and Rohtak has been electrified. EMU services has been running between the two cities since March,2013.[27]

Air travel

There is currently no commercial airport serving the city. The state govt has shown interests in building a Greenfield Cargos Airport at the Meham town to serve this city and the AAI has given consent in principle for this. The nearest International Airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport at Delhi approx.75 km.


As of the provisional 2011 census figures, Rohtak municipality had a population of 373,133.[4] The municipality had a sex ratio of 887 females per 1,000 males and 10.9% of the population were under six years old.[4] Effective literacy was 84.08%; male literacy was 88.94% and female literacy was 78.68%.[4]


In Rohtak old sectors are Sector 1, Sector 3, Sector 14, Sector 2, 4 are newly developed and new sectors 4 ext. 5, 6, 25 are being planned. Model Town, Patel Nagar, DLF Colony, Sector 1 and 14 are considered to be upmarket areas of the city. Entrance of Sector-14 is opposite to Gate number 2 of Maharshi Dayanand University.D PARK Model Town comprises all branded showrooms and one of best place to hangout in the city.

Media and communications

All India Radio has a local station in Rohtak which transmits various programs of mass interest.


Rohtak has 16 national government institutes, making it one of the biggest educational hubs of the country. Rohtak Loksabha constituency is the only constituency in India to have AIIMS, IIM and IIT. Current renowned health university named after Haryana's first chief minister, Pt. Bhagwat Dayal Sharma will be upgraded to AIIMS at cost of Rs 200 crore.[28] Indian Institute of Management Rohtak is currently being set up with a budget of Rs 1150 crore. IIM Rohtak is amongst the top management institutes in India and is positioned as analytics hub in India. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi extension campus also being set up with a budget of Rs 50 crore.[29][30] These institutes along with Haryana's biggest university according to number of students enrolled Maharishi Dayanand University and numerous other universities of fashion technology, State Institute of Film and Television make it an educational city. Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS Rohtak [31] Baba Mastnath University is located at Delhi road.[32]


There is a mini Secretariat in the city, located near the court.[33]

Notable individuals

  • Rafi Muhammad Chaudhary, most prominent nuclear scientist from Indian sub continent AMU Alumni, Rutherford's PhD student and Pakistani scientist
  • Paramvir Singh, During his 38 years service as WildLife Inspector set and broke his own records of Wild animal articles' seizure from poachers. Resultantly he was instrumental in wiping out illegal trade of Wild animals and their derivatives from NCT of Delhi. Lt. Governor, Delhi felicitated and commended his efforts vide letter Dt. 26-04-1988.
  • Rao Abdul Hafiz Khan VC was the youngest Indian Victoria Cross holder, he came from Kalanaur village, Rohtak, .
  • Chhotu Ram, most prominent pre-partition politicians in Punjab, co-founder of the National Unionist Party
  • Bhupinder Singh Hooda, former Chief Minister of Haryana
  • Karambir Singh, Indian Army
  • Deepender Singh Hooda, politician
  • Manushi Chhillar, Miss World 2017, Supermodel
  • Manish Grover, MLA and politician

Political controversy

The development of Rohtak caused controversy in 2013 as a result of the allegedly disproportionate number of state development projects that have been awarded to the city by Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda, who was born in a nearby village. This has led to severe criticism by both the opposition parties and some members of the governing Indian National Congress party, who have attacked Hooda for bias.[34] Rao Inderjit Singh, a BJP leader from South Haryana, used Right to Information requests to determine that from a total of 5,135 announcements of schemes in the state, 2,045 went to the three districts of Rohtak, Jhajjar and Sonepat. These areas were in Hooda's own constituency and that of his son, the Lok Sabha MP Deepeder Singh Hooda. Of the 3,356 completed schemes, 1,560 were from these three districts whereas 1,796 schemes were completed in the rest of the state.[35][36] Ambala MP Selja Kumari[37] is also against the region-specific and biased development of Rohtak.[38][39]

The Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) has spent over Rs 3.4 billion on the development of Rohtak. Up until 31 December, 2010 collected Rs 3.22 billion as External Development Charges(EDC) in Rohtak and spent almost Rs 6.63 billion of the EDC fund.[40]

However the most developed cities of the state based expenditure on infrastructure over the last 15 years are Gurgaon, Faridabad, Hisar, Panchkula, Panipat and Ambala.[41][42][43]

See also


  1. "Census of India Search details". Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  2. "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  3. IANS (28 January 2010). "Haryana grants second language status to Punjabi". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  4. "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  5. "Muzaffarnagar in UP may be newest addition to NCR - Times of India". The Times of India.
  9. "Haryana: Rohtak Weather Forecasts".
  10. "New Delhi (SFD) 1971–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  11. "Extremes for Delhi" (PDF). Indian Meteorological Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  12. "October Climate History for Rohtak | Local | India".
  13. Delhi#Climate
  15. "Rohtak rocks while Gurgaon quakes - Times of India". The Times of India.
  16. Mohit Gujjar; Ajay Modi (1 June 2015). "Make in India is going to run into trouble on the supply chain: R C Bhargava". Business Standard. New Delhi.
  17. "Khattar's Karnal tops list of smart cities". 23 July 2015.
  18. "Gurgaon misses the bus, courtesy official apathy". 25 July 2015.
  19. "Dainik Bhaskar e-Paper Rajasthan - Punjab - Haryana - Madhya Pradesh - Jharkhand - Chhattisgarh".
  21. "Rajiv Gandhi Sports Complex nears completion". 31 October 2012.
  22. Kumar, Ashok (27 December 2014). "Haryana Govt. seeks special financial package this Budget". The Hindu via
  25., Railways map around Rohtak Junction
  26. "12983/Ajmer - Chandigarh Garib Rath Express - Rohtak to Chandigarh NWR/North Western Zone - Railway Enquiry".
  27. Reporter, Staff (4 March 2013). "New EMU train between Delhi and Rohtak flagged off". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  28. "Rohtak PGIMS to be upgraded". Zee News. 15 December 2009.
  29. "Haryana grants IIT-Delhi 50 acres for extension of research campus - Indian Express".
  30. "UHSR: Pt. Bhagwat Dayal Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak".
  31. "PT BD SHARMA". Archived from the original on 4 November 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  34. Mohan, Neeraj. "Rohtak develops with Haryana CM's bounty". Tehelka. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
  35. Dogra, Chander Suta (5 March 2013). "Rao Inderjit Singh's move may give impetus to new alignments". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
  36. "Rao Inderjit charges CM with bias against south Haryana". The Tribune. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
  37. Manav, Sushil (22 April 2013). "Hooda counters Selja's claims of skewed development – Says entire state has witnessed progress in his regime". The Tribune. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
  38. "Haryana Congress session reveals rebel trouble". The Times Of India. 9 May 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
  39. "Inauguration of Rewari-Rohtak rail track: City MP feels left out". Hindustan Times. 8 January 2013. Archived from the original on 13 March 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
  40. "Haryana spends more than it earns in Rohtak - Indian Express".
  41. Staff (18 March 2008). "Haryana to develop 2 more Gurgaon like cities".
  42. "Matching Rings".
  43. "Haryana plans services data hub in first step to build smart cities - Times of India". The Times of India.
  1. Perishing away: The abandoned havelis of Gurugram, Hindustabn Times, 2 November 2018.
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