Roger Neilson

Roger Paul Neilson, CM (June 16, 1934 – June 21, 2003) was a professional ice hockey coach, most notably in the National Hockey League (NHL), and was responsible for many innovations in the game. He is a member of the Hockey Hall of Fame in the builder category.

Roger Neilson
Roger Paul Neilson

(1934-06-16)June 16, 1934
DiedJune 21, 2003(2003-06-21) (aged 69)
OccupationFormer NHL coach
Known forHockey Hall of Fame
Inducted 2002, as a builder

Born in Toronto, he attended a public high school, North Toronto Collegiate Institute, Neilson's coaching career began as a student at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario where he continued to coach until graduation with a degree in Physical Education in both hockey and baseball.

Coaching career

Neilson's coaching career began in 1966 as head coach of the Ontario Hockey League's Peterborough Petes, then the junior farm team of the Montreal Canadiens, and he remained for 10 years in Peterborough, Ontario, where he maintained a home until his death. He also worked at the University of Windsor with a summer hockey camp program, which led to camps from Port Hope, Ontario to Israel.

Neilson moved into professional hockey coaching with the Dallas Black Hawks in the Central Hockey League in 1976–77.

Neilson was head coach in the NHL for:

In 1979, Neilson was fired as head coach of the Maple Leafs by owner Harold Ballard. There was outrage throughout the players, media, and general public. Ballard then relented, but wanted Neilson to enter the next game with a paper bag over his head as "the mystery coach", but Neilson refused and coached the next game as if nothing had happened.

Neilson was initially an assistant coach with Vancouver, but he took over as head coach after Harry Neale was suspended for taking part in an altercation with fans during a brawl in against the Quebec Nordiques. When the team went unbeaten in the next seven games, he was given the job permanently. It was in his new capacity that Neilson led the team on its run to the 1982 Stanley Cup Finals.

Neilson's tenure with the New York Rangers was also successful; the highlight was coaching the team to the Presidents' Trophy as the first place team in the league in 1992.

With Philadelphia, Neilson led the team to first place in the Eastern Conference in 2000, a position that the team would retain for the rest of the regular season. With the Flyers leading in the conference standings by the midseason All-Star Game, Neilson earned the honour of being head coach of the Eastern Conference All-Stars. Previously, he had coached the Campbell Conference All-Stars at the 1983 All-Star Game.

In addition, Neilson also worked for the Edmonton Oilers as a video analyst during the 1984 Stanley Cup Playoffs, culminating in the Oilers' first Stanley Cup championship, and the Chicago Blackhawks as an assistant coach under Bob Pulford from 1984 to 1987. From 1995 to 1997 he was an assistant coach for the St. Louis Blues.

During the 1987–88 and 1988–89 seasons, Neilson did not coach but worked as a television analyst for hockey coverage on TSN.

Retirement from hockey

Neilson had gone on medical leave from the Flyers just before the 2000 playoffs for cancer treatment but was later informed that he had been permanently replaced by Craig Ramsay. Neilson's unceremonious dismissal by Flyers General Manager Bobby Clarke was widely lamented by fans and media as lacking class and respect. Neilson's doctors advised the Flyers that he lacked the strength to perform his duties as head coach. Neilson insisted on trying to return at the end of the first round of the playoffs. At the end of the season, Neilson was dismissed as head coach. He later conceded Clarke did the right thing, and he never served as a head coach again.

Neilson was then hired as an assistant coach of the Senators. For the last two games of the 2001–02 season, which were inconsequential to the standings, Head Coach Jacques Martin stepped away from the bench, allowing Neilson to take the reins and become the ninth man to coach 1000 games. The following season, the Senators won the Presidents' Trophy as the first place team in the league and made it all the way to the Eastern Conference Finals. As it was well known that Neilson's cancer was terminal when the Senators were eliminated in a tough seven game series, several players expressed their sadness at not being able to win the Stanley Cup for Neilson before he died.

Neilson's overall regular season record was 460 wins, 378 losses, 159 ties, and 3 overtime losses.

Coaching legacy

Neilson dedicated his entire life to coaching and to hockey and affected the careers of thousands. He had no family and would stay up late into the night watching video and analysing games.

Among his most well-known innovations was the use of videotape to analyze other teams, leading to the nickname "Captain Video". He was also the first to use microphone headsets to communicate with his assistant coaches.

In situations where the face off was in the opposition's end and there were perhaps three or less seconds to go in the first and/or second period, Neilson would pull his goaltender for an extra attacker for a potential shot on net off the ensuing face-off. His reasoning was that if the other team gained possession of the puck, it would be virtually impossible for the opposition to score from their end in the mere seconds that were left. No other coach would consider this radical move, and it was indicative of his innovative thinking.

Neilson was well known for closely reading the rule book looking to exploit loopholes. During one particular game in his first season coaching the Petes, he was down two men in a 5-on-3 situation for the last minute of the game. Realizing that more penalties could not be served under the existing rules, Neilson put too many men on the ice every ten seconds. The referees stopped the play and a faceoff was held relieving pressure on the defence. In addition, Neilson also took advantage of fans throwing objects onto the ice to deliberately cause stoppages of play late in a game. After these displays, the rules were changed so that a call for too many men on the ice in a 5-on-3 situation, or a delay-of-game penalty in a 5-on-3 situation, or any deliberate act to stop play (i.e., objects thrown on the ice, or the net being intentionally dislodged), in the last two minutes of regulation or in overtime now results in a penalty shot.

Neilson also discovered that if he put a defenceman in net instead of a goaltender during a penalty shot, the defenceman could rush the attacker and cut down the latter's angle of shot, greatly reducing the chances of a goal. In 1968, he used this information in an OHL game between Neilson's Peterborough Petes and the opposing Toronto Marlboros. Neilson replaced Petes goaltender Pete Kostek with defenseman Ron Stackhouse. Stackhouse successfully blocked Frank Hamill's penalty shot attempt by charging out as soon as Hamill crossed the blue line.[1][2] Today the rules states that a team must use a goaltender in net for a penalty shot and that the goaltender cannot leave the crease until the skater has touched the puck.

One game during a time-out, Neilson told his goaltender, “...when we pull you, just leave your goal stick lying in the crease.” When the other team gained possession, they sent the puck the length of the ice toward the open net, only to deflect wide when it hit the goal stick lying in the crease. The rule was changed the next season so that a goal would be awarded in such a situation.

Neilson also broke the rules, in a sense, when he didn't like what was happening on the ice. As the Canucks coach during Game 2 of the 1982 Campbell Conference final playoff game against the Chicago Blackhawks, he felt his team was unfairly penalized on several occasions during the third period. He took a trainer's white towel and held it on a hockey stick, as if to wave a white flag. Three other Canucks players did the same thing, and all were ejected from the game. By doing this, Neilson inadvertently started an NHL tradition. Canucks fans waved white towels by the thousands at the next game, a playoff tradition that continues to this day and is widely copied by other hockey teams.[3]

Life after hockey

Neilson was awarded a Doctor of Laws by McMaster University in 2001 (see below). He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame as a builder in November 2002. He was also appointed as a Member of the Order of Canada {CM} in 2002. The City of Peterborough renamed George Street South Roger Neilson Way opposite the Memorial Centre Arena in 2003; the address of the Arena was supposed to be changed to 1 Roger Neilson Way. The Ottawa Senators have named their coaches office at Scotiabank Place The Roger Neilson Room. The City of Ottawa renamed their Minor Peewee AAA Hockey Division after Neilson in 2005. Also in 2005, the Ontario Hockey League created an award for the top academic player attending college or university and named it the Roger Neilson Memorial Award.

In 1999, Neilson was diagnosed with bone cancer, which spread to become skin cancer in 2001. He died on June 21, 2003, only five days after his 69th birthday, and the funeral was held in Northview Pentecostal Church in Peterborough.[4]

Shortly after his death, the Ottawa Senators Foundation[5] announced plans to build "Roger's House" (French: "La maison de Roger"), later renamed Roger Neilson House, a pediatric palliative care facility built in his memory on the grounds of the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario in Ottawa.[6] The building was opened on April 21, 2006, by the Premier of Ontario, Dalton McGuinty.

In September 2004, Roger Neilson Public School, a new elementary school in Peterborough, opened. The name was chosen because of Neilson's commitment to teaching, which exemplified the qualities of the Character Education program of the Kawartha Pine Ridge District School Board.[7]

On April 7, 2011, Rogers Arena in Vancouver commemorated Roger Neilson's contribution to the NHL and Vancouver Canucks, in particular to the tradition he created during the 1982 playoff series with the Chicago Blackhawks, later named "Towel Power", by erecting a large statue of him in the courtyard of Rogers Arena.[8]

Coaching record

TeamYearRegular SeasonPost Season
TOR1977–78 80412910923rd in AdamsLost in Third round
TOR1978–79 80343313813rd in AdamsLost in Second round
BUF1980–81 80392021991st in AdamsLost in Second round
VAN1981–82 5401(77)2nd in SmytheLost in Stanley Cup Finals
VAN1982–83 80303515753rd in SmytheLost in First round
VAN1983–84 4817265(73)3rd in Smythe(fired)
LAK1983–84 288173(59)5th in SmytheDid Not Qualify
NYR1989–90 80363113851st in PatrickLost in Second round
NYR1990–91 80363113852nd in PatrickLost in First round
NYR1991–92 80502551051st in PatrickLost in Second round
NYR1992–93 4019174(79)6th in Patrick(fired)
FLA1993–94 84333417835th in AtlanticDid Not Qualify
FLA1994–95 4820226465th in AtlanticDid Not Qualify
PHI1997–98 211092(95)2nd in AtlanticLost in First round
PHI1998–99 82372619932nd in AtlanticLost in First round
PHI1999–2000 8245221231051st in AtlanticLost in Third round
OTT2001–02 2110(94)3rd in NortheastInterim Head Coach


  1. "Penalty shot bid blocked by defenceman". The Montreal Gazette. The Canadian Press. September 27, 1968. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  2. Kay, Jason. "NFL has Deflategate, did the NHL have Coffeegate?". Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  3. McIndoe, Sean (November 22, 2013). "NHL Grab Bag: Everyone in Toronto Seems Extremely Chill About Clarkson's First Goal". Retrieved March 28, 2017.
  5. "Roger Neilson House". Ottawa Senators Foundation. Retrieved October 22, 2016.
  6. "Memory of former Sens coach lives on at newly renamed Roger Neilson House". Ottawa Community News. June 17, 2016. Retrieved October 22, 2016.
  7. Kim, Clark (November 4, 2004). "Roger Neilson Public School officially opens". Kawartha Lakes This Week. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  8. "Roger Neilson statue unveiled in pre-game ceremony". April 7, 2011. Retrieved March 18, 2018.

Preceded by
Red Kelly
Head coach of the Toronto Maple Leafs
Succeeded by
Floyd Smith
Preceded by
Scotty Bowman
Head coach of the Buffalo Sabres
Succeeded by
Jim Roberts
Preceded by
Harry Neale
Head coach of the Vancouver Canucks
Succeeded by
Harry Neale
Preceded by
Rogie Vachon
Head coach of the Los Angeles Kings
Succeeded by
Pat Quinn
Preceded by
Phil Esposito
Head coach of the New York Rangers
Succeeded by
Ron Smith
Preceded by
Position created
Head coach of the Florida Panthers
Succeeded by
Doug MacLean
Preceded by
Wayne Cashman
Head coach of the Philadelphia Flyers
Succeeded by
Craig Ramsay
Preceded by
Jacques Martin
Head coach of the Ottawa Senators
April 2002
(2 games)
Succeeded by
Jacques Martin
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