Rockingham, North Carolina

Rockingham is a city in Richmond County, North Carolina, United States named after the Marquess of Rockingham. The population was 9,558 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Richmond County.[4]

Rockingham, North Carolina
Downtown Rockingham
A City Looking Forward
Rockingham, North Carolina
Location within the state of North Carolina
Coordinates: 34°56′22″N 79°45′40″W
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
  Total7.3 sq mi (19.0 km2)
  Land7.3 sq mi (18.9 km2)
  Water0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
285 ft (87 m)
  Density1,300/sq mi (500/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s)910
FIPS code37-57260[2]
GNIS feature ID0993546[3]
WebsiteOfficial website of Rockingham, NC

The city is the home of Rockingham Speedway, formerly the North Carolina Speedway. It was a staple of the NASCAR schedule for nearly 40 years before the race was discontinued in 2004.


The city was named for Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, British Prime Minister from 1765 to 1766 and again in 1782. Rockingham's administration was dominated by the issue of the Thirteen Colonies. Rockingham wanted to repeal the Stamp Act 1765 and won a Commons vote in 1766 on the repeal resolution by 275 to 167.[5] As a result he was a popular figure among British colonists in America (who would later become known simply as "The Americans"). People in North Carolina were still sympathetic toward him in the years following the United States gaining independence.

During the early 19th century, numerous families from here migrated to Middle Tennessee, settling in what is now Nolensville. They quickly established their new community.

In 1950, the town fielded a professional minor league baseball team in the Class D Tobacco State League, the Rockingham Eagles. The club won the playoff title in their only season before disbanding with the entire league.[6]

Rockingham has a number of historic buildings which have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since the late 1970s: the Bank of Pee Dee Building, Covington Plantation House, Alfred Dockery House, Hannah Pickett Mill No. 1, Manufacturers Building, Richmond County Courthouse, Roberdel Mill No. 1 Company Store, Rockingham Historic District, U. S. Post Office and Federal Building, and H. C. Watson House.[7]


Rockingham is located at 34°56′22″N 79°45′40″W (34.939528, -79.761236).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles (19 km2).7.3 square miles (18.9 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.41%) is water.


Historical population
Est. 20188,776[1]−8.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[2] of 2011, there were 9,553 people, 3,966 households, and 2,573 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,326.8 people per square mile (512.3/km²). There were 4,375 housing units at an average density of 600.1 per square mile (231.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 65.57% White, 29.90% African American, 1.10% Native American, 1.34% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.81% from other races, and 1.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.10% of the population.

There were 3,966 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 19.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,574, and the median income for a family was $33,534. Males had a median income of $27,923 versus $20,313 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,426. About 18.0% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.4% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over.


  • Good Morning Sandhills, Daily morning show produced Monday through Friday 7-8 am. A sister of The Richmond Observer and Live at 5.
  • The Richmond Observer, online digital newspaper
  • Live at 5, Daily news show produced Monday through Friday by The Richmond Observer
  • WAYN, 900 AM, adult contemporary and easy listening music; sports
  • WLWL, 770 AM, oldies with an emphasis on beach music
  • The Richmond County Daily Journal, newspaper published Tuesdays through Saturdays


Rockingham hosts "The Smokeout" (an annual motorcycle weekend), and has also hosted the Carolina Rebellion rock festival.



Richmond County Airport (ICAO: KRCZ, FAA LID: RCZ), formerly known as Rockingham-Hamlet Airport is located approximately 3 miles southeast of Rockingham. The airport serves local and transient general aviation flights.

Notable people


  1. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  2. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. Ross J. S. Hoffman, The Marquis. A Study of Lord Rockingham, 1730–1782 (New York: Fordham University Press, 1973), p. 113.
  6. Holaday, Chris (2016). "The Tobacco State League; A North Carolina Baseball History, 1946–1950".. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. ISBN 978-1-4766-6670-9.
  7. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  8. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
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