Rock Harbor Light

The Rock Harbor Lighthouse is a light station located in Rock Harbor on Isle Royale National Park, Michigan. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.[2]

Rock Harbor Lighthouse
Undated USCG photo of the station
LocationRock Harbor, Isle Royale National Park, Michigan
Coordinates48°5′21″N 88°34′45″W
Year first constructed1855
Year first lit1856
Constructionbrick/stone[1]
Markings / patternWhite with black lantern[1]
Tower height50 feet (15 m)
Original lensFourth order Fresnel lens[1]
Current lensRemoved[1]
Heritageplace listed on the National Register of Historic Places 
Rock Harbor Lighthouse
NRHP reference #77000154[2]
Added to NRHPMarch 08, 1977

Description

The Rock Harbor Lighthouse is a 50-foot-tall (15 m) cylindrical tower with a 16-foot-diameter (4.9 m) base,[3] constructed of randomly placed stone and brick, capped with an octagonal beacon[4] with a copper roof.[3] A one-and-a-half-story keeper's house with gabled roof is connected to the tower on one end.[4]

History

In 1852, due to the increase in shipping in Lake Superior, it was recommended that a new light be constructed on Isle Royale; the next year, Congress appropriated $5,000 to construct a light at Rock Harbor.[3] Construction began in 1855, and was completed in 1856.[3] The Rock Island Light was the first lighthouse constructed on Isle Royale.[4] The first keeper arrived at the station on October 24, 1856, and the lighthouse went into operation a short time later.[3]

The light had been manned for less than three years when it was determined that, due to the decrease in mining traffic, it was no longer required.[3] It was extinguished on August 1, 1859, and the lighthouse was abandoned.[3] During the American Civil War, copper mining increased once more, and in 1873 renovations began on the station, leading to the reactivation of the light on August 5, 1874. However, after another drop in copper prices, and following the activation in 1875 of the Isle Royale Light at Menagerie Island, the Rock Harbor Light was rendered less useful.[3] On October 4, 1879, the Rock Harbor lighthouse was deactivated for the second and last time, having been in service for a total of only eight years since its construction.[5]

In 1910, the keeper's house was altered, including the addition of dormers. In the 1950s, the tower began to tilt, and an emergency stabilization was undertaken; the tower still leans approximately 2 degrees.[3] The original wooden roof of the structure was replaced with asphalt in 1962, and the foundation was stabilized in 1969.[4] The station is currently unmanned.

References

  1. "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Michigan". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Archived from the original on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 8/19/09. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  3. Rock Harbor Lighthouse from "Seeing the Light," retrieved 8/19/09
  4. Rock Harbor Light from the state of Michigan, retrieved 8/19/09
  5. Rock Harbor Lighthouse from the Michigan Lighthouse Conservancy, retrieved 8/19/09
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