Rochester Red Wings

The Rochester Red Wings are a professional Minor League Baseball team based in Rochester, New York. The team plays in the International League and is the top minor league affiliate of the Minnesota Twins. The Red Wings play their home games at Frontier Field, located in downtown Rochester. Founded in 1899, it is the oldest continuously operating sports franchise in North America below the major league level.

Rochester Red Wings
Founded in 1899
Rochester, New York
Team logoCap insignia
CurrentTriple-A (1899–present)
Minor league affiliations
LeagueInternational League
DivisionNorth Division
Major league affiliations
CurrentMinnesota Twins (2003–present)
Minor league titles
League titles (19)
  • 1899
  • 1901
  • 1909
  • 1910
  • 1911
  • 1928
  • 1929
  • 1930
  • 1931
  • 1939
  • 1952
  • 1955
  • 1956
  • 1964
  • 1971
  • 1974
  • 1988
  • 1990
  • 1997
Division titles (5)
  • 1988
  • 1990
  • 1993
  • 1995
  • 1997
Wild card berths (2)
  • 2006
  • 2013
Team data
NicknameRochester Red Wings (1929–present)
Previous names
  • Rochester Tribe (1922–1928)
  • Rochester Colts (1921)
  • Rochester Hustlers (1908–1920)
  • Rochester Bronchos (1899–1907)
ColorsRed, black, yellow, white[1]
MascotsSpikes and Mittsy (1997-present, 2003-present)
Wild Fang (1992-1996)
R. W. Homer (1978-1991)
BallparkFrontier Field (1997–present)
Previous parks
Red Wing Stadium (1929–1968)
  • Bay Street Ball Grounds (1908–1928)
  • Culver Field (1899–1907)
Rochester Community Baseball, Inc.
ManagerJoel Skinner
General ManagerDan Mason

Since the widespread adoption of the minor league farm system in the 1920s, the Red Wings have been affiliated with only three Major League Baseball clubs, an unusually stable, 90-year history.[2] They were a top farm team of the St. Louis Cardinals for 32 years (1929–1960), then spent 42 years (1961–2002) as the top affiliate of the Baltimore Orioles. They then became the Triple-A affiliate of the Twins (2003–present).

The franchise played from 1929 through 1996 at Silver Stadium (called Red Wing Stadium from 1929–1968) and moved to Frontier Field in 1997.

The Red Wings, along with the Pawtucket Red Sox, hold the record for the longest professional baseball game, lasting a total of 33 innings and 8 hours, 25 minutes over the course of three different days. The game was held at Pawtucket's McCoy Stadium, beginning on April 18, 1981. It was suspended just after 4 a.m. the next morning, and Rochester lost, 3–2, when the game resumed on June 23.

Baseball in Rochester

Baseball in Rochester dates back to 1877 with the "Rochesters" of the International Association, and Rochester has had a franchise in the league now known as the International League as early as 1885.

According to Rochester sports historian Douglas Brei, only six franchises in the history of North American professional sports have been playing in the same city and same league continuously and uninterrupted since the 19th century: the Rochester Red Wings, Chicago Cubs, Cincinnati Reds, Philadelphia Phillies, Pittsburgh Pirates and St. Louis Cardinals. He also reports that the Red Wings and the Hamilton Tiger-Cats of the Canadian Football League are the only two franchises in North American professional sports to have captured a league championship[lower-alpha 1] in every decade of the 20th century.[3][4][5]

Franchise history

Early history (1899–1928)

The current franchise has been playing in Rochester since 1899, when the team was known as the Rochester Bronchos and won the Eastern League championship in its inaugural season.[6]

Cardinals era (1929–1960)

The Red Wings became the Triple-A affiliate of the St. Louis Cardinals in 1929. Aside from the affiliation, the Cardinals also owned the Wings and their stadium, then known as Red Wing Stadium. The early years of the Cardinals and Red Wings saw the Red Wings very much a power house, not unlike their parent club. The team was managed by Billy Southworth (who split time managing the team in 1929 with Bill McKechnie), and from 1929–1931, the team won the International League championship. In a true statement of how dominant a team they were, they won 103 games in 1929, 105 games in 1930, and 101 games in 1931.[7] The team would remain competitive for many years, with 1935 and 1937 being the only years that they lost more games than they won. The return of Billy Southworth in 1939 brought another league championship to Rochester.[7]

Lean times were ahead for Rochester, with the 1940s finding the Red Wings on the bottom half of the standings. Even former famed pitcher Burleigh Grimes couldn't change the team's fortunes. He lasted a little more than a season and a half when he was replaced by Benny Borgmann.[7] The team would capture three more league championships in the Cardinals era, those coming in 1952, 1955, and 1956.[7] In the fall of 1956, the Cardinals ceased to operate the Red Wings and put both the team and the stadium up for sale. In response, Morrie Silver, a Rochester businessman, formed Rochester Community Baseball, Inc. (RCB) and spearheaded a drive to sell shares in RCB to raise money to buy the Red Wings and Red Wing Stadium to ensure that the franchise would remain in Rochester. The attempt was successful as RCB purchased both entities from the Cardinals on February 27, 1957, in an event that was dubbed the "72 Day Miracle". RCB, composed of fans of the team as shareholders, continues to own and operate the club to this day, making the Red Wings one of two current American professional sports franchises that are publicly owned. The Green Bay Packers of the National Football League are the most notable example of this distinction.

In 1959, the Red Wings were involved in one of minor league baseball's most infamous games. While playing in Havana, Cuba, the Red Wings' July 25 game against the Havana Sugar Kings was interrupted at midnight by gunfire and fireworks in celebration of the 26th of July Movement.[8] Rochester's Frank Verdi, standing in as third-base coach in place of manager Cot Deal, who had been ejected earlier in the game, was grazed by a bullet, as was Leo Cárdenas, the Sugar Kings' shortstop.[8] Neither player was seriously injured, but both the game and then the series were canceled.[8]

The Wings remained St. Louis' affiliate until 1960, when the Red Wings moved on to become the top farm club of the Baltimore Orioles.

Orioles era (1961–2002)

After two straight fourth-place finishes, and early exits from the playoffs, the Red Wings dismissed Clyde King, a hold over from the Cardinals era, as manager of the team, and named Darrell Johnson in his place. Johnson never managed a finish better than fourth during his tenure, however, in 1964, with an 82-72 record, Johnson's Red Wings managed to win yet another championship.[7] He was replaced by Earl Weaver, who showed great promise as a manager. After two seasons, Weaver was brought up to manage the Baltimore Orioles, and he was replaced by Billy DeMars, who lasted one season before being replaced by Cal Ripken, Sr. After two seasons, Ripken was replaced by Joe Altobelli. Red Wing Stadium was renamed Silver Stadium in honor of Morrie Silver on August 19, 1968. From 1971-1976, the Red Wings never missed the playoffs, capturing two more league titles in the process in 1971 and 1974.[7] Altobelli returned to the Red Wings after his retirement from the coaching ranks, serving as general manager from late 1991 to 1994 and then as part of the radio broadcasting team through 2008.

1978 was a terrible season for the Red Wings, as the club had three managers, Ken Boyer, Al Widmar, and Frank Robinson. The team finished 68-72. Robinson was replaced by Doc Edwards, who managed to get the team to the playoffs in 1980, but could not manage a league title. Edwards was soon gone, replaced by Lance Nicholls, who in turn, was replaced by former Tidewater Tides manager Frank Verdi.[7] The team did horribly under Verdi, and was mainly stocked with cast off former major leaguers, career minor league players, and very few prospects. The only bona fide major league prospect on the team during this lean period was Larry Sheets, who was mainly a journeyman hitter during his career.

Verdi was fired midway through 1985, with the Red Wings at 18-40. Under his replacement, first base coach Mark Wiley, the Red Wings went 40-41 the rest of the season.[7]

There would be a return to glory, when the Red Wings named John Hart as the new manager. He was able to guide the team into the playoffs during his two-year stint, but none resulted in a championship. However, Hart impressed the Orioles, and he was soon off to the majors. His replacement was former New York Yankees catcher Johnny Oates. Oates won the league title in his first year and only year at the helm. His replacement was Greg Biagini. In 1990, Biagini led a loaded Red Wings team, which featured future Red Sox hero Curt Schilling, to the league championship.

In 1993, the Red Wings, guided by manager Bob Miscik, reached the International League finals but lost to the Charlotte Knights in five games.

In 1997, the Red Wings moved into the new Frontier Field in downtown Rochester after 68 seasons at Silver Stadium on the city's northeast side. That same year, manager Marv Foley led the Wings to a league title.[7]

In 2000, during the team's fourth year at the stadium, the Red Wings played host to the Triple-A All-Star Game.

Rochester won six Governors' Cup titles during their 42-year affiliation with the Orioles, with the last coming in 1997. The team's fortunes began to decline by 1999, though, as the product on the field slipped in quality. By 2002, the fifth consecutive losing season for Rochester and what would be the last year of the player development agreement between Baltimore and Rochester, the team's record slipped to a league-worst 55–89. The Red Wings' affiliation with the Orioles ended when it signed a working agreement with the Minnesota Twins on September 17, 2002.[9]

Twins era (2003–present)

The Red Wings' first season as the Twins' Triple-A affiliate was the team's sixth consecutive losing season. Beginning in 2004, however, the team began to turn their fortunes around. In both 2004 and 2005, the Red Wings finished in second place in the North Division with records of 73–71 and 75–69, respectively. The turnaround was capped in 2006 when Rochester, now under the leadership of Stan Cliburn, advanced to the International League playoffs as the Wild Card with a record of 79–64. The Red Wings then beat the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons three games to one in the best-of-five semifinal series but lost to the Toledo Mud Hens in five games, three games to two, in the best-of-five Governors' Cup series.

Rochester followed up their run to the 2006 Governors' Cup Finals by posting a winning record in each of the next two seasons, bringing the streak of consecutive winning seasons to five. In 2008, the team went 74–70 after being as far as 13 games under .500 at one point (19–32 on May 25). The streak was snapped in 2009 after the team finished 70–74. On September 21, 2009, the Minnesota Twins announced that they would not renew manager Stan Cliburn's contract for the 2010 season. According to Twins farm director Jim Rantz, the change was made as part of an "overall directional change that is being implemented throughout the minor-league system."[10] Former New Britain Rock Cats manager Tom Nieto was Cliburn's replacement.[11] Nieto was fired at the close of the 2011 season after leading the Red Wings to their first back-to-back 90-loss seasons since 1903–04.[12]

On November 25, 2011 Gene Glynn was announced as the new Red Wings manager for 2012.[13] The 2012 season saw the Red Wings scratch out a .500 record, considered a vast improvement over the Nieto years. With Glynn continuing as manager, the 2013 Wings got off to a dismal 2–11 start, but slowly improved before turning red-hot in July. At some points they led the North Division, but a late surge by Pawtucket relegated the Wings to a fight for the IL's lone wild card spot. They secured the wild card on the last day of the season, based on a tiebreaker with the Norfolk Tides, leading the Wings to their first postseason appearance since 2006. The following season's playoff push came down to the final series of the year in Pawtucket, but a loss on August 31 put them out of the picture for good.[14]

After the 2014 season, Gene Glynn was promoted to become the third base coach for the major league Minnesota Twins.[15]

To replace Glynn, the Red Wings announced on January 30, 2015, that former Chicago Cubs' manager Mike Quade would be taking over for the 2015 season, a position he retained for three years through the 2017 campaign.[16]

On January 17, 2018 former MLB catcher, coach and manager Joel Skinner was named as the 45th manager of the team.


The Red Wings have played for the Governors' Cup, the championship of the International League, 21 times, winning 10.

Year-by-year records

YearAff.LeagueDiv.FinishWLW%PlayoffsAvg. AttendanceManager
2005Minnesota TwinsInternational LeagueNorth3rd7569.521Did not qualify6,853Phil Roof / Rich Miller
2006TwinsInternational LeagueNorth2nd7964.552Lost in finals6,626Stan Cliburn
2007TwinsInternational LeagueNorth2nd7767.535Did not qualify7,064Stan Cliburn
2008TwinsInternational LeagueNorth3rd7470.514Did not qualify6,913Stan Cliburn
2009TwinsInternational LeagueNorth4th7074.486Did not qualify6,599Stan Cliburn
2010TwinsInternational LeagueNorth6th4995.340Did not qualify6,600Tom Nieto
2011TwinsInternational LeagueNorth6th5391.368Did not qualify6,493Tom Nieto
2012TwinsInternational LeagueNorth4th7272.500Did not qualify6,094Gene Glynn
2013TwinsInternational LeagueNorth2nd7767.535Lost in 1st round6,098Gene Glynn
2014TwinsInternational LeagueNorth4th7767.535Did not qualify6,401Gene Glynn
2015TwinsInternational LeagueNorth2nd7767.535Did not qualify6,291Mike Quade
2016TwinsInternational LeagueNorth3rd8163.563Did not qualify6,396Mike Quade
2017TwinsInternational LeagueNorth3rd*8062.563Did not qualify6,553Mike Quade
2018TwinsInternational LeagueNorthT-4th6476.457Did not qualify6,537Joel Skinner
2019TwinsInternational LeagueNorth4th7070.500Did not qualify6,846Joel Skinner

∗ Tied by record with Lehigh Valley IronPigs but lost in tiebreaking procedures.


The Rochester Red Wings' mascots are a pair of anthropomorphic birds named Spikes and Mittsy. Spikes is bright red with a yellow beak. He wears a uniform similar to that of the team. Mittsy is yellow with an orange beak and red hair. She wears a red uniform with yellow trim accompanied by two pink bracelets. Spikes was created after the 1997 season, the same year in which the Red Wings got their new stadium, Frontier Field. The names refer to cleats or "spikes" baseball players wear and catcher's mitts, respectively.[17] before Spikes was created, the team mascot was a red and black bat character known as Wild Fang who was with the team from 1992 to 1997 when he retired when the team moved to Frontier Field.


Rochester Red Wings roster
Players Coaches/Other







7-day injured list
* On Minnesota Twins 40-man roster
# Rehab assignment
∞ Reserve list
‡ Restricted list
§ Suspended list
† Temporary inactive list
Roster updated November 17, 2019
→ More rosters: MiLB  International League
Minnesota Twins minor league players

Retired numbers

The Red Wings have retired three numbers, two of which are derived from uniform numbers:

  • 26: Joe Altobelli, often referred to as "Mr. Baseball" in the Rochester area. He played for the Red Wings from 1963 to 1965, coached the team in 1966, and managed the team from 1971 to 1976. As manager, "Alto" led the Red Wings to two Governors' Cup titles. Altobelli also served as the Red Wings' general manager from 1991 to 1994 and was the color commentator for all Red Wing home game broadcasts from 1998 to 2008.[18]
  • 36: Luke Easter. He played in Rochester from 1959 to his retirement in 1963, during which time he hit 67 home runs.
  • 8222: Morrie Silver. He spearheaded a successful grassroots effort to purchase the Red Wings from the St. Louis Cardinals in 1957 and subsequently served as the team president from 1957 to 1968. The number retired in his honor, 8,222, represents the original number of shareholders of Rochester Community Baseball, Inc.

Altobelli's number 26 and the number 8,222 representing Silver were both retired prior to the final regular season game at Silver Stadium on August 30, 1996. Easter's number 36 was retired by the Red Wings in 2000.

Awards and honors

  • In 1994, Jeff Manto was named International League MVP.[19]
  • In 1996 and 1997, general manager Dan Mason was named International League Executive of the Year.[20] Mason won the award a third time in 2012.[20]
  • In 1998, Rochester was named "Baseball City, U.S.A." by Baseball America.[21]
  • In 2008, team COO and chairman Naomi Silver was named Minor League Executive of the Year by Baseball America.[22]
  • In 2012, longtime team comptroller Darlene Giardina (1990–present) was named Rawlings Woman Executive of the Year by Minor League Baseball.[23]

Notable alumni

Players and on-field staff

Front office and other staff


  1. The IL Regular Season Pennant symbolized the League Champion until the Governors' Cup was established in 1933. Since 1933, the IL has officially recognized both the Pennant Winner and the Governors' Cup as League Champions. The Red Wings captured Governors' Cups in every decade since it was established except the 1940s, a decade in which they won the IL Pennant in 1940. Since the IL was separated into divisions in 1988, most people have come to consider the Governors' Cup winner to be the league champion, although in the early years most still considered the Pennant Winner to be the true league champion. The league still officially recognizes both titlists as champions.


  1. "Wings unveil brand new logos". MLB Advanced Media, LP. November 1, 2013. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  2. Oklobziga, Kevin, "Would Wings Consider an Affiliation Change? Twins' GM Hopes Not," Pickin', 15 May 2018
  3. The Rochester Sports Project, by Douglas Brei
  4. 2005 CFL Facts, Figures, and Records Guide
  5. 2006 International League Guide and Record Book
  6. "Rochester Bronchos". Retrieved November 17, 2014.
  8. Straus, Ben (23 March 2013). "Remembering Cuban baseball's Sugar Kings". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  9. "Twins Sign Two-Year Agreement With Rochester Red Wings," Minnesota Twins press release, Tuesday, September 17, 2002.
  10. Mandelaro, Jim (September 21, 2009). "Cliburn won't return as Red Wings manager". Democrat and Chronicle. Retrieved September 22, 2009.
  11. Mandelaro, Jim (October 21, 2009). "Nieto takes Rochester Red Wings' helm". Democrat and Chronicle. Retrieved October 21, 2009.
  17. Burke, Jennifer (May 21, 2009). "Rochester Red Wings mascots drum up excitement at Newark Catholic school". Catholic Courier. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
  18. Matthews, Bob (March 9, 2009). "Altobelli calls himself out after 59 seasons". Democrat and Chronicle. Retrieved March 9, 2009.
  19. "Red Wings Hall of Fame: K–R". Rochester Red Wings. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  20. Mandelaro, Jim (19 September 2012). "Red Wings GM Dan Mason named International League Executive of the Year". Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  21. Mandelaro, Jim. "Step Up To The Plate, Watch Your Red Wings". Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  22. Staff report (5 December 2008). "Red Wings exec Naomi Silver named minor league baseball's top exec". Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  23. "Richmond, Giardina honored by MiLB". 5 November 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
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