Robert M. Grant (economist)

Robert Morris Grant (born in Bristol UK on January 23, 1948) is a scholar and teacher of strategic management. He has held faculty positions at a number of business schools in the UK, Canada, and the US for years and is currently Professor of Strategic Management at Bocconi University in Milan.[1] He is also a visiting professor at Georgetown University in Washington, DC, where he has held a position for 15 years.[2]

Grant is best known for his work on the resource-based and knowledge-based views of the firm. His resource-based theory of competitive advantage[3] identifies the characteristics of resources and capabilities that determine their capacity to establish a competitive advantage, sustain a competitive advantage, and appropriate the returns from that competitive advantage. His contributions to the knowledge-based theory of the firm [4] identify knowledge as the most strategically important resource of the firm, and view the firm as an institution for integrating knowledge in order to produce goods and services. This provides a rationale for the existence of the firm that is distinct from the traditional transaction cost explanation, and offers insights into the internal structure of the firm, its coordination processes, and the role of strategic alliances.[5][6]

Grant's strategic management textbook, "Contemporary Strategy Analysis", is used in business schools throughout the world.[7] It has been translated into 12 different languages.


  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-08-04. Retrieved 2015-08-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. R. M. Grant, "The Resource-based Theory of Competitive Advantage: Implications for Strategy Formulation", California Management Review, Vol. 33, Spring 1991, pp. 114-135.
  4. R.M. Grant, “Toward a Knowledge-based Theory of the Firm”, Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 17, (Winter Special Issue), 1996, pp. 109-122.
  5. R.M. Grant “Knowledge and Organization,” in D.J. Teece and I. Nonaka (eds.), Managing Industrial Knowledge, Sage, Thousand Oaks, 2001, pp. 145-169.
  6. R.M. Grant & C. Baden-Fuller, “A Knowledge Accessing Theory of Strategic Alliances”, Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 41 (1), 2004, pp. 61-84.
  7. R.M. Grant, Contemporary Strategy Analysis, 9th edition, Wiley, 2016
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