Robert Henry Halfon (//) (born 22 March 1969) is a British Conservative Party politician and former Conservative Party worker. He was first elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Harlow in 2010, being re-elected in 2015, and 2017.
|Chair of the Education Select Committee|
|Assumed office |
12 July 2017
|Preceded by||Neil Carmichael|
|Minister of State for Skills|
17 July 2016 – 12 June 2017
|Prime Minister||Theresa May|
|Preceded by||Nick Boles|
|Succeeded by||Anne Milton|
|Minister without Portfolio|
11 May 2015 – 17 July 2016
|Prime Minister||David Cameron|
|Preceded by||Grant Shapps|
|Succeeded by||Brandon Lewis (2018)|
|Deputy Chairman of the Conservative Party|
11 May 2015 – 17 July 2016
|Preceded by||Sarah Newton|
|Succeeded by||Anthea McIntyre|
|Member of Parliament|
7 May 2010 – 6 November 2019
|Preceded by||Bill Rammell|
|Succeeded by||Election in progress|
Robert Henry Halfon
22 March 1969
Westminster, London, England
|Domestic partner||Vanda Colombo|
|Alma mater||University of Exeter|
Between May 2015 and July 2016 Halfon served as Minister without Portfolio (attending Cabinet) and Deputy Chairman of the Conservative Party. From July 2016 to June 2017 he was Minister of State at the Department for Education. Since July 2017 Halfon has been the Chair of the Education Committee.
Early life and career
Halfon was born on 22 March 1969 in Westminster to a British Jewish family living in Hampstead, London. Halfon's father, Clement, is an Orthodox Jew who emigrated from Libya and who now lives in Israel. His grandfather, Renato, was an Italian Jew and clothing manufacturer, living in Libya until forced to leave in 1968, after which he joined his son who had already moved to England. Halfon's mother, Jennifer, is Ashkenazi.
He was privately educated at Highgate School, an independent school in London. He attended the University of Exeter, where he read for a Bachelor of Arts degree in politics before a Master of Arts in Russian and East European politics. Along with David Burrowes, Sajid Javid and Tim Montgomerie, he took over Exeter University's Conservative Association, turning Conservative Future from social to political activities. At Exeter he took the issue of compulsory membership of the National Union of Students to the European Human Rights Court, which decided his application was manifestly ill-founded.
After graduating, Halfon worked for a period selling hotel memberships at an upmarket London hotel, before he got a job as a part-time researcher for the then Conservative MP for Blackpool North Harold Elletson and subsequently worked for various Conservative MPs, including Michael Fabricant. He worked as chief of staff for the Conservative MP Oliver Letwin before becoming political director for Conservative Friends of Israel. He also spent some time working for a leading London-based Public Affairs company, Market Access.
His third run for Harlow was successful and after the 2010 general election, he was elected to the executive of the 1922 Committee of backbench Conservative MPs. He delivered his maiden speech in the House on 2 June 2010. He was re-elected at the 2015 general election and 2017 general election.
On 18 July 2014 he was chosen by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, to be his Parliamentary Private Secretary. Announcing the appointment, Osborne described Halfon as "a brilliant campaigner".
In 2014, Halfon was challenged in Parliament over money paid to his constituency office by a close associate of a Ukrainian magnate, Dmitry Firtash, recently arrested amid allegations of bribery. Firtash's close associate Robert Shetler-Jones, a Briton who was the former CEO of the Ukrainian's business empire Group and was currently deputy chairman of the group's supervisory council had donated £35,000 to Halfon's constituency office. Halfon rejected the accusations of connections with Firtash and said that he had fully declared the money in the Register of Members' Interests.
In 2015, Halfon admitted an affair with a party activist with whom he had been working, after he was warned that a Conservative aide was trying to blackmail him over the relationship. Halfon alleged that the controversial former Conservative Parliamentary candidate Mark Clarke, dubbed the "Tatler Tory", was attempting to attempt to blackmail him to further his own career advancement within the Party. Halfon was further criticised after it was reported by The Guardian newspaper that he had claimed over £30,000 in expenses to illicitly meet the woman with whom he was having the affair, when staying at the East India Club in London. Halfon's spokeswoman responded that the woman with whom Halfon had an affair had not actually stayed at the club for the whole of the nights in question. Halfon was further criticised, after having previously voted to cut legal aid, for having his legal bills totalling £6,043 paid by Conservative-supporting law firms.
Between May 2015 and July 2016 Halfon served as Minister without Portfolio (attending Cabinet) and Deputy Chairman of the Conservative Party. From July 2016 he was Minister of State at the Department for Education, before being unexpectedly dismissed on 12 June 2017 by the Prime Minister Theresa May.
In January 2017, Halfon's former assistant, Maria Strizzolo was recorded being wined-and-dined by former Israeli Embassy staffer Shai Masot. Masot was recorded suggesting to her that he should like to "take down" a government minister, Alan Duncan. Al Jazeera, the media outlet which conducted the sting operation, was reported to Ofcom in January 2017. After investigations over the course of eight months, Ofcom reported that Al Jazeera had not breached journalistic standards.
Halfon is a supporter of apprenticeships, and campaigned for a new university technical college to be built in Harlow, which was to open in September 2014. He set up the Parliamentary Academy, which encourages MPs to employ apprentices in Parliament. He had the first MP's apprentice in the House of Commons, and as of 2013 was on his third apprentice, who came from Harlow College. For his work on apprenticeships, Robert Halfon was also named Avanta's Politician of the Year in 2013.
Cost of living
After becoming an MP, Halfon founded the Petrol Promise campaign, an online website and petition calling for lower fuel tax and an official inquiry into the oil market due to the suspected manipulation of petrol prices. He is a supporter of the FairFuelUK pressure group and has raised the issue of cheaper petrol in Parliament. He also presented a petition calling for an inquiry into price-fixing at the Office of Fair Trading signed by 30,000 motorists in 2013. This led to Chancellor George Osborne calling him a "champion of the people he represents". He won The Spectator's Campaigner of the Year Award in 2013 for his work fighting to keep petrol duty low.
Halfon has campaigned against privatised utility companies making 'excessive profits'. In 2013, he published a study of water companies in the Eastern region examining their profits, and called for an inquiry. He has called for a windfall tax to be imposed on energy companies who are found to be unnecessarily putting up prices to customers.
Halfon has also campaigned for reducing the tax rate on low paid workers, arguing in 2013 that a near living wage could be achieved if the Government reintroduced the 10p band of income tax or increased the National Insurance threshold, citing this as an alternative to the living wage which he said could damage small, local businesses.
Halfon has said that one of the three things that motivate him in politics is "unashamed support for the State of Israel, as the only real democracy and progressive force in the Middle East". He says: "I have always been very supportive of Israel. I have been to Israel many times for work and family, especially now that my father, who has become more Orthodox, lives in Jerusalem. I talk a lot about Israel in the House of Commons."
He attempted to get Muslim Engagement and Development (MEND), formerly iENGAGE, banned from the House of Commons.
He has said that it was the experiences of his Libyan refugee Jewish grandfather Renato Halfon that prompted him to go on all-out war against Libyan funding for universities in Britain. Halfon is also concerned about donations from Muslim countries to Oxford University, Saudi Arabian donations to Cambridge, and Edinburgh and Durham universities' links with Iran.
On 19 July 2010 he hosted the launch of the Friends of Israel Initiative at the House of Commons.
According to Doreen Wachmann of the Jewish Telegraph, "Doughty Labour MP Louise Ellman is never scared to openly proclaim her Jewish identity and fight for Israel and against Islamic extremism at every Parliamentary opportunity. And now the Conservative Party has finally found its counterpart to her."
Halfon voted against the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013, which permitted same sex couples to marry, and much of the secondary legislation implementing the Act. However, he has since apologised for voting in this way, saying "I regret it and I would vote for equal marriage if it came before Parliament now". Staying true to his word, Halfon voted to extend same sex marriage to residents of Northern Ireland on 9 July 2019.
Halfon is a member of the Prospect trade union and a campaigner for Conservative supporters to become more involved in trade unions. In 2012, he published a pamphlet through the thinktank Demos called Stop the Union Bashing: Why Conservatives Should Embrace the Trade Union Movement, which relayed the history of trade unionism in the Conservative Party, and called for these links to be revived. He is honorary president of Conservative Workers & Trade Unionists, an affiliated group of the Conservative Party. However, his voting record in Parliament has been for more restrictive regulation of trade union activity.
Halfon has signed several early day motions in support of National Health Service funding for homeopathy sponsored by Conservative MP David Tredinnick. Although Halfon signed these motions in 2010, he has since campaigned no further on these issues.
Halfon has been critical of donations received by UK universities from abroad, in particular the London School of Economics and Political Science.
In July 2018, following the deaths of two children while playing on bouncy castles, Halfon called for an "urgent investigation" into the regulation of the inflatables. He argued that 'There should be a temporary ban on bouncy castles in public areas until we can ensure they are safe'. Earlier, in 2016, a seven-year-old girl died after a bouncy castle broke free from its moorings in Halfon's constituency of Harlow.
Halfon is a Vice President of the Jewish Leadership Council.
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- "Biography". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
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- "House of Commons Debates 02 June 2010 - Education and Health". Hansard. London. 2 June 2010. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- "Harlow Star". Retrieved 30 August 2014.
- "Tory MP challenged on cash received from associate of Ukrainian tycoon Dmitry Firtash". Independent. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
- Mason, Rowena (16 November 2015). "Tory minister Robert Halfon admits cheating on partner amid blackmail claims". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- "Tatler Tory scandal: 22-year-old activist's 'lost night' with MP". The Daily Telegraph. 22 November 2015. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
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- "Maria Strizzolo: Written question - 59731". UK Parliament.
- "Al Jazeera: Israel seeks to shut offices and take network off air". BBC News. 6 August 2017. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- Dearden, Lizzie (12 January 2017). "Israel embassy scandal: Shai Masot resigns after discussing 'take down' of pro-Palestinian British politicians". The Independent. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
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- "Petrol Promise campaign".
- "Are Retailers Just IGNORING an Oil Price Fall? - PetrolPrices.com". www.petrolprices.com.
- "Fair Fuel UK campaign".
- "PETROL RETAILERS' SUPPORT MP'S DECISION TO HAND PETITION TO THE OFT". Retrieved 26 December 2013.
- Osborne, George. "Rt Hon". Hansard. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
- Payne, Sebastien. "Parliamentarian of Year Awards 2013: the winners". The Spectator. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
- "Water firms in East of England 'rip off' customers, claims MP". BBC News. 26 July 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
- "Robert Halfon: Energy windfall tax the right thing to do". Politics Home. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
- Halfon, Robert. "Robert Halfon MP: How Conservatives should champion the living wage". Conservative Home. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
- Halfon, Robert (22 February 2016). "Robert Halfon MP: I am voting to stay in the European Union because I am frightened by an uncertain world". The Telegraph. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
- "The Friends of Israel Initiative was launched to a rapturous reception at the British Parliament on Monday, July 19". Friends of Israel Initiative. 19 July 2010. Archived from the original on 31 July 2010. Retrieved 8 August 2010.
- "Friends of Israel Initiative - speeches". Henry Jackson Society. 19 July 2010. Archived from the original on 24 November 2010. Retrieved 8 August 2010.
- "Robert Halfon MP, Harlow". TheyWorkForYou. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
- Robert Halfon supports LGBT+ Rights., retrieved 20 September 2019
- Voted for same sex marriage in Northern Ireland, retrieved 20 September 2019
- "Division 427, Northern Ireland (Executive Formation) Bill - Hansard". hansard.parliament.uk. Retrieved 20 September 2019.
- "ConservativeHome comment". Retrieved 18 June 2011.
- "Rob's Blog: Conservatives and Trade Unions". Retrieved 18 June 2011.
- Halfon, Robert. "Stop the Union Bashing". Demos. Archived from the original on 27 December 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
- "Robert Halfon votes". They work for you. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
- Tredinnick, David (29 June 2010). "Early Day Motion #342 British Medical Association Motions on Homeopathy".
- Young, Alexander (10 January 2011). "Conservative MP decries LSE's "blood money"". Archived from the original on 16 July 2012.
- "Death prompts bouncy castle ban plea". BBC News. 2 July 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- "Robert Halfon MP". Jewish Leadership Council. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
- Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard
- Voting record at Public Whip
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament
Election in progress
| Minister without Portfolio