Robert Cassels

General Sir Robert Archibald Cassels, GCB, GCSI, DSO (15 March 1876 – 23 December 1959) was a British Indian Army officer. He was the father of Field Marshal Sir James Cassels.

Sir Robert Cassels
Born(1876-03-15)15 March 1876
Bombay, India
Died23 December 1959(1959-12-23) (aged 83)
Battle, England
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Indian Army
Years of service1896–1941
Commands heldCommander-in-Chief, India
Northern Command, India
Peshawar District
18th Indian Division
11th Indian Cavalry Brigade
Battles/warsFirst World War
Second World War
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India
Distinguished Service Order
Officer of the Legion of Honour (France)
RelationsField Marshal Sir James Cassels (son)

Military career

Educated at Sedbergh School and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Cassels was commissioned into the Indian Staff Corps as a second lieutenant on 22 January 1896.[1] He received promotion to lieutenant on 22 April 1898,[2] to captain on 22 January 1905[3] and to major on 22 January 1914.[4]

He went on to serve in the First World War, receiving rapid and successive promotion to temporary lieutenant colonel on 19 January 1916,[5] brevet lieutenant colonel on 3 June 1916,[6] brevet colonel in June 1917,[6] and to temporary brigadier general on 6 August 1917.[7][8][9] In November 1917 he was appointed Commander of 11th Indian Cavalry Brigade and took his brigade on a great turning movement up the left bank of the River Tigris, outflanking the Turks and helping to bring the Mesopotamian Campaign to an end.[10] Following the war, he briefly commanded the 18th Indian Division while it was stationed in the Middle East.[11]

Cassels was promoted to major general on 1 January 1919[12] in the Cavalry in India when he was appointed Commander of Peshawar District.[9] He became Adjutant-General, India in 1928, and was promoted to lieutenant general on 14 April (back-dated to 1 May 1927).[13][14] He was promoted to general on 15 October 1929[15] and appointed General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Northern Command, India in 1930.[9] He was next made Commander-in-Chief, India and a Member of the Executive Council of the Governor-General of India in 1935.[9] He continued in that post into the Second World War and retired in 1941.[9]



  1. "No. 26873". The London Gazette. 16 July 1897. p. 3977.
  2. "No. 26987". The London Gazette. 15 July 1898. p. 4276.
  3. "No. 27778". The London Gazette. 24 March 1905. p. 2280.
  4. "No. 28815". The London Gazette. 24 March 1914. p. 2546.
  5. "No. 29442". The London Gazette. 18 January 1916. p. 739.
  6. "No. 30179". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 July 1917. p. 6976.
  7. "No. 30271". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 September 1917. p. 9249.
  8. "No. 30538". The London Gazette (Supplement). 22 February 1918. p. 2340.
  9. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  10. India's Commander-in-Chief The Age, 8 April 1935
  12. "No. 31210". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 March 1919. p. 2995.
  13. "No. 33280". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 May 1928. p. 3605.
  14. "No. 33542". The London Gazette. 11 October 1929. p. 6476.
  15. "No. 33562". The London Gazette. 20 December 1929. p. 8298.
  16. "No. 33946". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 June 1933. p. 3801.
  17. "No. 33280". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 June 1927. p. 3605.
  18. "No. 34893". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 July 1940. p. 4245.
  19. "No. 31393". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 June 1919. p. 7397.
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir John Shea
Adjutant-General, India
Succeeded by
Sir Norman MacMullen
Preceded by
Sir Alexander Cobbe
GOC-in-C, Northern Command, India
Succeeded by
Sir Kenneth Wigram
Preceded by
Sir Philip Chetwode
Commander-in-Chief, India
Succeeded by
Sir Claude Auchinleck
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