Robert Atkyns (topographer)

Sir Robert Atkyns, FRS (1647 – 29 November 1711) was a topographer, antiquary, and Member of Parliament. He is best known for his county history, The Ancient and Present State of Glostershire, published in 1712.[1]

Robert Atkyns
Effigy of Atkyns in St Kenelm's Church, Sapperton
Born1647 
Died1711 
OccupationPolitician 

Early life and education

Sir Robert was born in 1647, and was baptised on 26 August of that year. He was the eldest son of Sir Robert Atkyns, chief baron of the Exchequer, and sometime speaker of the House of Lords.[2][3] Thomas Atkyns, who died in London 1401, was succeeded in the fourth generation by David Atkins, an eminent merchant in Chepstow, who removed before his death in 1552 to Tuffley, near Gloucester. Tuffley continued to be the family seat[4] until the purchase of Sapperton, Gloucestershire, by Baron Atkyns in 1660.[5]

He was educated at St Edmund Hall, Oxford (admitted 1663), and Lincoln's Inn (admitted 1661). He was called to the Bar in 1668 but did not practise.

Career

Atkyns served as Deputy Receiver-General of Law Duties (1671–1672), Receiver-General (1672–1673), Comptroller (1673–1679), Commissioner for Assessment for Gloucestershire (1673–1680, 1689–1690) and Deputy Lieutenant for Gloucestershire (1683–1688). He was knighted by Charles II on his visit to Bristol on 5 September 1663.[6]

He was elected M.P. for the borough of Cirencester (1679–85) and afterwards for the county of Gloucester (1685–1689).[7]

Publications

Atkyns was the author of The Ancient and Present State of Glostershire, London, 1712. The first edition contains a fine portrait of the author by Michael Vandergucht, together with a series of views of seats in the county, drawn and engraved by Jan Kip in his earliest manner.

Honours

Atkyns was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in November 1664.[1][8]

Personal life and death

Atkyns married Louise-Margaret (Louisonne), the daughter of Sir George Carteret of Hawnes, Bedfordshire, in about 1674.[9] He died on 29 November 1711 at his house in Westminster of dysentery, at the age of sixty-five, and was buried at Sapperton, where his monument is preserved.

References and sources

References
  1. Haines, R. J. (2008) [2004]. "Atkyns, Sir Robert (bap. 1647, d. 1711)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/867.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. J. P. Ferris, 'Atkyns, Robert (1620–1710), of Lincoln's Inn and Sapperton, Glos', in B. D. Henning (ed.), The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660–1690 (from Boydell & Brewer, 1983), History of Parliament Online.
  3. Greenberg, Janelle (2011) [2004]. "Atkyns, Sir Robert (bap. 1621, d. 1710)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/866.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. (Tuffley Manor), 'Gloucester: Outlying hamlets', in N. M. Herbert (ed.), A History of the County of Gloucester, Volume 4: The City of Gloucester (V.C.H., London 1988), pp. 382–410, at notes 361–375 (British History Online, accessed 4 September 2018).
  5. A. P. Baggs, A. R. J. Jurica and W. J. Sheils, 'Sapperton: Manors and other estates', in N. M. Herbert and R. B. Pugh (eds), A History of the County of Gloucester, Volume 11: Bisley and Longtree Hundreds (V.C.H., London 1976), pp. 90-93 (British History Online, accessed 4 September 2018).
  6. 'Atkyns, Sir Robert', in J. Foster (ed.), Alumni Oxonienses 1500–1714 (Oxford, 1891), pp. 29–50 (British History Online, accessed 4 September 2018).
  7. J. P. Ferris, "Atkyns, Sir Robert (1647-1711), of Pinbury Park, Duntisbourne Rous, Glos. and Queen Anne's Gate, Westminster", in B. D. Henning (ed.), The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660–1690 (from Boydell and Brewer, 1983), History of Parliament Online.
  8. Royal Society Library and Archive, Royal Society List of Fellows (Royal Society pdf p. 16).
  9. Ferris, 'Atkyns, Sir Robert (1648-1711)', History of Parliament online.
Sources
  • N. Kingsley, Landed families of Britain and Ireland: "(242), Atkyns of Sapperton, Swell Bowl, Pinbury Park and Ketteringham Hall", Blogspot, December 2016.

See also

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