Rmelan (Arabic: رميلان, Kurdish: Rimêlan, Classical Syriac: ܪܡܝܠܐܢ) is a town in the al-Hasakah Governorate in the northeast of Syria. Administratively part of the Ma'badah nahiyah of al-Malikiyah District, the town is located 900 km northeast of the capital Damascus, 165 km northeast of the governorate capital al-Hasakah, 70 km east of Qamishli, 30 km southwest of the district centre al-Malikiyah and 0.5 km southwest of the sub-district centre Ma'badah. It has an area of 5 km² and a population of 11,500, based on the 2009 official estimate.[1]


Location in Syria
Coordinates: 37°0′N 41°57′E
Country Syria
GovernorateAl-Hasakah Governorate
DistrictAl-Malikiyah District
  Total5 km2 (2 sq mi)
 (2009 est.)
Arab, Kurd, Assyrian
Islam, Christianity
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)+3
Area code(s)052

The town is famous for being one of the major centres of oil production in Syria. The first oil exploration works in Rmelan started in 1934. However, the town was founded in 1956 along with the discovery of the first oil well in the region, in the area of Karatchok. Later in 1959, the as-Suwaydiyah oil field was also discovered.[2]

The town has a well-developed infrastructure including 22 km of roads, public parks, swimming pools, family clubs, cinema halls and cultural centres. The Town has a large airport that was originally a small agricultural airport, Abu Hajar Airport. It is now being used by the United States for military and civilian use. The town is also home to the Ommal Rmelan (Rmelan Labours) football club. They participate in the third division of the Syrian Football League and play their home games at the Rmelan Municipal Stadium. The population of the town is of mixed Arab, Kurd and Assyrian ethnicities. Rmelan is also home to a large number of workers from other Syrian regions. The constitutional conferences of the Democratic Federal System of Northern Syria in 2014 and in 2016 have been held in Rmelan.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16]


  1. Rmelan, the town that never sleeps
  2. Rmelan petrol production in Syria
  3. "A Dream of Secular Utopia in ISIS' Backyard". New York Times. 2015-11-24. Retrieved 2016-05-20.
  4. "Power to the people: a Syrian experiment in democracy". Financial Times. 2015-10-23. Retrieved 2016-06-06.
  5. "The Kurds' Democratic Experiment". New York Times. 2015-09-30. Retrieved 2016-05-20.
  6. "Why is the world ignoring the revolutionary Kurds in Syria?". The Guardian. 2014-10-08. Retrieved 2016-05-20.
  7. "Regaining hope in Rojava". Slate. 2016-06-06. Retrieved 2016-06-09.
  8. "American Leftists Need to Pay More Attention to Rojava". Slate. 2015-11-25. Retrieved 2016-05-20.
  9. "The Revolution in Rojava". Dissent. 2015-04-22. Retrieved 2016-05-20.
  10. "The Rojava revolution". OpenDemocracy. 2015-03-15. Retrieved 2016-05-20.
  11. "Statement from the Academic Delegation to Rojava". New Compass. 2015-01-15. Retrieved 2016-05-20.
  12. "Syria civil war: Kurds declare federal region in north". Aljazeera. 17 March 2016.
  13. Bradley, Matt; Albayrak, Ayla; Ballout, Dana. "Kurds Declare 'Federal Region' in Syria, Says Official". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2016-03-18.
  14. "Second day of Northern Syria Constituent Assembly conference takes place". Hawar News Agency. 28 December 2016.
  15. "Syrian Kurdish groups, allies say approve blueprint for federal system". Reuters. 2016-12-29. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
  16. "'Rojava' no longer exists, 'Northern Syria' adopted instead". Kurdistan24. 2016-12-31. Retrieved 2017-01-01.

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