River Wye, Derbyshire

The River Wye is a limestone river in the Peak District of Derbyshire, England. It is 15 miles (24 km) in length,[4] and is one of the major tributaries of the River Derwent, which flows into the River Trent, and ultimately into the Humber and the North Sea.

River Wye
River Wye in Buxton
Confluence with Derwent in Derbyshire
Location
CountryEngland
CountiesDerbyshire
Physical characteristics
Source 
  locationAxe Edge Moor, Derbyshire
MouthConfluence with the Derwent
  location
Rowsley, Derbyshire
  coordinates
53°11′08″N 01°36′46″W
Length24 km (15 mi)
Basin size277 km2 (107 sq mi)
Discharge 
  locationAshford (grid reference SK 182 696)[1]
  average3.23 m3/s (114 cu ft/s)[2]
  maximum44.3 m3/s (1,560 cu ft/s)[3]
Basin features
Tributaries 
  rightRiver Lathkill
Progression : Wye—DerwentTrentHumberNorth Sea
For other rivers named "Wye", see River Wye (disambiguation)

The river's source lies just west of Buxton, on Axe Edge Moor. Part of the flow passes underground through Poole's Cavern before rising at Wye Head,[5] and flowing through the Pavilion Gardens in Buxton. It then flows east, along a route roughly followed by the A6 road. It enters the Peak District, flows just south of Tideswell, then through Ashford in the Water and Bakewell, and south of Haddon Hall, before meeting the River Derwent at Rowsley.

The main tributary of the river is the River Lathkill, which enters approximately one mile from its mouth.

The River Wye is one of Derbyshire's best known rivers and is popular with anglers owing to the large numbers of wild brown, rainbow trout and grayling it contains. The alkalinity of the Wye provides a rich source of nutrients that leads to an abundance of insects, invertebrates and other wildlife. This ensures that the trout and grayling grow quickly on a diet of freshwater shrimp, sedge and upwinged flies (to name but a few of the foods available). Some of the largest populations of water voles in Britain can also be found along the River Wye.

It is possible to walk alongside much of the length of the river, mostly following a former railway line, part of which is now the Monsal Trail and provides views of the river. In Monsal Dale the former railway line emerges from a tunnel at Monsal Head, over a viaduct high above the river below. When this structure was built John Ruskin was enraged, and spoke of the Gods being banished by a scheme intended to convey 'every Buxton fool to Bakewell in half an hour' and vice versa, 'and you call this lucrative exchange—you fools everywhere'. It is thus an irony of progress that the railway is now gone and the viaduct is itself a 'listed' structure.[6]

See also

Notes and references

  1. "28023 - Wye at Ashford". The National River Flow Archive. Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  2. "28023 - Wye at Ashford". The National River Flow Archive. Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  3. "Hi Flows UK". Environment-agency.gov.uk. 10 February 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  4. River Wye Information. Retrieval Date: 29 August 2007.
  5. Huggett, Richard J. (2011). Fundamentals of Geomorphology (3rd ed.). Routledge. p. 389. Retrieved 8 May 2012.
  6. Historic England (15 July 1970). "Monsal Dale Viaduct (1109915)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 May 2012.
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