River Eden, Fife

The River Eden is a river in Fife in Scotland, and is one of Fife's two principal rivers, along with the Leven. It is nearly 30 miles (48 km) long and has a fall of around 300 feet (91 m).[2] It flows from Burnside, near the border with Perth & Kinross, then slowly across the Howe of Fife (until drained in the 18th and 19th centuries a flat and waterlogged basin[3]) and through the market town of Cupar to Guardbridge, where it enters the North Sea via the Eden Estuary, an important conservation area for wading birds and a nature reserve. The river holds a good stock of wild brown trout and hosts a fair run of sea trout and Atlantic salmon.

Official nameFirth of Tay and Eden Estuary
Designated28 July 2000
Reference no.1034[1]

In previous centuries, its water was used to power mills on its banks,[2] and there was a paper mill at Guardbridge until July 2008.[4]

The Eden Estuary is a Local Nature Reserve (LNR) and, along with the Firth of Tay was designated a Ramsar site on 28 July 2000.[1]

Both estuaries play host to a variety of recreational activities. The Eden estuary, being significantly smaller than the Tay, has few boating opportunities but is an important recreation site for birdwatchers and naturalists, foreshore shellfish collectors, fishing enthusiasts and wildfowlers.


  1. "Firth of Tay and Eden Estuary". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. "Eden, River". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  3. Francis Groome, ed. (1885). Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland. Edinburgh: Thomas C Jack.
  4. "Guardbridge paper mill to receive £25m injection from St Andrews". The Saint. 20 April 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2018.

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