Ripple effect

A ripple effect is a situation in which, like ripples expanding across the water when an object is dropped into it, an effect from an initial state can be followed outwards incrementally.

The ripple effect is often used colloquially to mean a multiplier in macroeconomics. For example, an individual's reduction in spending reduces the incomes of others and their ability to spend.[1]

In sociology, the ripple effect can be observed in how social interactions can affect situations not directly related to the initial interaction,[2] and in charitable activities where information can be disseminated and passed from community to community to broaden its impact.[3]

The concept has been applied in computer science within the field of software metrics as a complexity measure.[4]

See also


  1. The Economic Ripple Effect Gone Awry.
  2. Development sociology By Norman Long, Routledge ISBN 978-0-415-23536-5
  3. Experience needed to make VSO's 'ripple effect' work The Guardian 17 September 2004.
  4. Black, Sue (2001). "Computing ripple effect for software maintenance". Journal of Software Maintenance and Evolution: Research and Practice. 13 (4): 263–279. doi:10.1002/smr.233. ISSN 1532-060X.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.