Rifnik (pronounced [ˈɾiːfnik]) is a settlement in the Municipality of Šentjur in eastern Slovenia. It lies on Rifnik Hill just south of Šentjur. The area is part of the historical Styria region. The municipality is now included in the Savinja Statistical Region.
Location in Slovenia
|Coordinates: 46°12′12″N 15°24′31.48″E|
|• Total||1.54 km2 (0.59 sq mi)|
|Elevation||330.8 m (1,085.3 ft)|
Rifnik was first attested in written sources in 1326 as Reichenekk (and as Reiheneck in 1335 and Reihnek in 1343). The name originally referred to the castle at the site, a compound formed from the Middle High German personal name Rîcho + egge 'hill, castle'. The name therefore originally meant 'Rîcho's castle'.
Rifnik archaeological park is located on the hilltop above the settlement. It has a permanent exhibition about local prehistoric and ancient finds curated by the Celje Regional Museum.
The settlement is best known for its 13th-century castle. The castle was abandoned in the 17th century, but the remains of the residential part and the fortifications are still visible.
- Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia Archived November 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Šentjur municipal site Archived 2011-01-15 at the Wayback Machine
- Snoj, Marko (2009). Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan. p. 355.
- Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage Archived July 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine reference number ešd 7923