Richmond County, Nova Scotia

Richmond County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. For a list of communities in Richmond County, see the eponymous page.

Richmond County

Comté de Richmond  (French)

Siorramachd Richmond  (Scottish Gaelic)

Seal
Location of Richmond County, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45.7°N 60.8°W / 45.7; -60.8
Country Canada
Province Nova Scotia
Established1835
Incorporated            April 17, 1879
Electoral Districts      
Federal

Cape Breton—Canso
ProvincialCape Breton-Richmond
Government
  TypeRichmond County Municipal Council
  WardenJason MacLean[1]
Area
  Land1,249.33 km2 (482.37 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[2][3]
  Total8,964
  Density7.2/km2 (19/sq mi)
  Change 2011-16
3.5%
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
  Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Area code(s)902
Dwellings5,122
Median Income*$40,188 CDN
Websitewww.richmondcounty.ca
  • Median household income, 2005 (all households)

History

Named in honour of Sir Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond, who was Governor General of British North America 1818-1819, Richmond County was created in 1835.

Richmond County comprises that territory known as the Southern District which was established in 1824 at the time of the dividing of Cape Breton Island into three districts. The boundaries of the Southern District were defined at the time of its establishment. Those same boundaries were determined to be the boundaries of Richmond County by statute in 1847.

The shire town of Richmond Country is Arichat, located on Isle Madame. The community was threatened with closure of its local Court system in June 2015.[4]

Communities

Villages
Reserves
County municipality and county subdivisions
  • Municipality of the County of Richmond
    • Richmond, Subd. A
    • Richmond, Subd. B
    • Richmond, Subd. C

Access routes

Highways and numbered routes that run through the county, including external routes that start or finish at the county limits:[5]

Demographics

As a census division in the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Richmond County recorded a population of 8,964 living in 3,983 of its 5,122 total private dwellings, a change of -3.5% from its 2011 population of 9,293. With a land area of 1,249.33 km2 (482.37 sq mi), it had a population density of 7.2/km2 (18.6/sq mi) in 2016.[6]

Forming the majority of the Richmond County census division, the Municipality of the County of Richmond recorded a population of 8,458 living in 3,822 of its 4,955 total private dwellings in the 2016 Census of Population, a change of -4% from its 2011 population of 8,812. With a land area of 1,243.72 km2 (480.20 sq mi), it had a population density of 6.8/km2 (17.6/sq mi) in 2016.[7]

Population trend[8][9]
Census Population Change (%)
2016 8,964 3.5%
2011 9,293 4.6%
2006 9,740 4.7%
2001 10,225 7.2%
1996 11,022 2.1%
1991 11,260 5.2%
1986 11,841 8.3%
1981 12,824 N/A
1941 10,853
1931 11,098
1921 12,464
1911 13,273
1901 13,515
1891 14,399
1881 15,121
1871 14,268 N/A
Mother tongue language (2011)[10]
Language Population Pct (%)
English only 6,620 72.19%
French only 2,085 22.74%
Non-official languages 285 3.11%
Multiple responses 180 1.96%
Ethnic Origins (2006)[11]
Ethnic Origin Population Pct (%)
French 4,895 50.8%
Canadian 3,920 40.7%
Scottish 2,310 24.0%
English 2,060 21.4%
Irish 1,590 16.5%
Acadian 710 7.4%
North American Indian 685 7.1%
German 440 4.6%

See also

References

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