Richard S. Caliguiri (October 20, 1931 – May 6, 1988) was an American politician who served as the mayor of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania from 1977 until his death in 1988.
The commemorative statue by Robert Berks.
|55th Mayor of Pittsburgh|
April 11, 1977 – May 6, 1988
|Preceded by||Peter Flaherty|
|Succeeded by||Sophie Masloff|
|President of the Pittsburgh City Council|
March 14, 1977 – April 11, 1977
|Preceded by||Louis Mason|
|Succeeded by||Eugene "Jeep" DePasquale|
|Member of the Pittsburgh City Council|
December 21, 1970 – April 11, 1977
|Preceded by||J. Craig Kuhn|
|Succeeded by||Michelle Madoff|
|Born||October 20, 1931|
|Died||May 6, 1988 56) (aged|
|Children||David Caligiuri Gregg Caligiuri|
|Profession||City Parks Director; City Council President|
Caliguiri was of Italian Arbëresh ancestry, and grew up in the City of Pittsburgh's Greenfield neighborhood. He started his public service career in the CitiParks department of Pittsburgh later running for city council in the early 1970s. Caliguiri first ran for mayor as a longshot in 1973 but lost the Democratic primary to popular incumbent mayor Peter Flaherty; Flaherty was so popular that, for the first time in city, history no candidate opposed him in the general election. In his position as President of the Pittsburgh City Council, Caliguiri was appointed interim Mayor in 1977 after Flaherty was appointed Deputy Attorney General in President Jimmy Carter's administration. Caliguiri's departure from the City Council necessitated the 1978 special election which allowed independent Democrat Michelle Madoff her seat.
Mayor of Pittsburgh
Caliguiri officially won the mayor's office in an election later in 1977, and was reelected twice, serving until his death in 1988. Under Caliguiri's leadership, Pittsburgh began its "Renaissance II" plan, an urban renewal and revitalization plan based on the "Renaissance" plan of former mayor and governor David L. Lawrence. The plan was generally considered a success (especially with the city's skyline) but was hampered by a sharp and permanent downturn in the city's economy and resulting population shifts.
During Caliguri's tenure, Pittsburgh's economy began a marked downturn during the deindustrialization of the 1980s with the decline of the large steel producers such as U.S. Steel and Jones and Laughlin. Long time industrial giants that called Pittsburgh headquarters such as Gulf Oil and Koppers both were victims of the 1980s arbitrage and hostile takeover climate. Gulf was absorbed by Chevron and Koppers by British firm Beazer, both resulting in the region losing several thousand high salaried corporate headquarter jobs. The period was also marked by Pittsburgh-based Westinghouse's run up to bankruptcy and reorganization in 1990 (later to become CBS and move to New York) and Rockwell International's move to California and eventually Wisconsin. By the end of Caliguiri's time in office, not a single major steel mill operated in a city once known as the "Steel City", and the city that once boasted more Fortune 500 corporate headquarters save for New York and Chicago, had fewer than ten.
In 1986, in response to some citizen complaints and legal action by the ACLU, the city, by order of Mayor Caliguiri, placed a plaque entitled "Salute to Liberty." and reading: "During this holiday season, the city of Pittsburgh salutes liberty. Let these festive lights remind us that we are the keepers of the flame of liberty and our legacy of freedom." Three years later, by two 5-4 decisions, the United States Supreme Court upheld in part and denied in part the city's position in County of Allegheny v. American Civil Liberties Union.
Illness and death
In the late 1980s, Caliguiri was diagnosed with amyloidosis, a rare and serious protein disorder. Coincidentally, within a few years in the mid to late 1980s, three of Pennsylvania's most prominent political leaders were afflicted with the disorder. Caliguiri as well as longtime Erie Mayor Louis Tullio and Pennsylvania Governor Bob Casey were all diagnosed with the incurable and usually fatal disease.
Caliguiri refused to allow his declining health to affect his leadership and declined to step down as mayor. He died in 1988 at the age of 56, and was interred in Pittsburgh's Roman Catholic Calvary Cemetery.
In October 1990, a commemorative statue of Caliguiri sculpted by Robert Berks was dedicated on the steps of the Downtown Pittsburgh City-County Building on Grant Street. According to Caliguiri's son David, previous ideas had included a renaming of Grant Street and the Pittsburgh Civic (later Mellon) Arena. Caliguiri, who graduated from Taylor Allderdice High School in 1950, was inducted into their alumni hall of fame in 2010.
The Mayor is spotlighted in a cameo playing himself in the sport/cult classic The Fish That Saved Pittsburgh in 1979. Near the middle of the film he is seen on the extreme right introducing to a cheering crowd the city's basketball team at an indoor rally. He slips off camera for a few seconds and then is seen again patting them on the back and shaking hands with the actors and coach, before he extends across the crowd to shake Julius Erving's hand (one of the "actors" on the team) and is met warmly by a surprised Dr. J.
On May 18, 1987 Caliguiri was a guest on a national broadcast of The Today Show as it filmed in Pittsburgh.
- 1977 Race for Pittsburgh Mayor
- Richard Caliguiri (I),48%
- Thomas Foerster (D), 44%
- Joseph Cosetti (R), 9%
- 1981 Race for Pittsburgh Mayor
- Richard Caliguiri (D), 80%
- Fred Goehringer (R), 18%
- 1985 Race for Pittsburgh Mayor
- Richard Caliguiri (D), 77%
- Henry Sneath (R), 22%
- Warner, David (April 11, 1977). "Pete Out in Mayor Switch". The Pittsburgh Press. p. A-1.
- Warner, David (February 17, 1977). "Caliguiri Favored As New Council Head". The Pittsburgh Press. p. A-2. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
- "Italian Heritage - Popular Pittsburgh". February 11, 2015. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
- "O'Connor tribute to be reminiscent of Caliguiri's". Retrieved October 30, 2018.
- Nilsson, David (March 11, 1980). "Progress building in city's renaissance II". The Pittsburgh Press. Retrieved October 30, 2018 – via Google News Archive.
- "After famine, an office space glut?". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. February 23, 1982. Retrieved October 30, 2018 – via Google News Archive.
- "Who Killed Westinghouse? - Chapter 5: Coming Apart at the Seams". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
- "Beaver County Times - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
- "Pittsburgh Allderdice Hall of Fame Ceremony is next week". Pittsburgh Public Schools. Archived from the original on February 22, 2013. Retrieved July 18, 2012.
- "Pittsburgh Post-Gazette - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
| Mayor of Pittsburgh1
|Pittsburgh City Council|
| President of the Pittsburgh City Council
Eugene "Jeep" DePasquale
J. Craig Kuhn
| Member of the Pittsburgh City Council
|Notes and references|
|1. Interim Mayor from 1977–1978|