Richard Wayne Mullins (October 21, 1955 – September 19, 1997) was an American contemporary Christian music singer and songwriter best known for his worship songs "Awesome God" and "Step by Step". Some of his albums were also considered among Christian music's best, including Winds of Heaven, Stuff of Earth (1988), The World As Best As I Remember It, Volume One (1991) and A Liturgy, a Legacy, & a Ragamuffin Band (1993). His songs have been performed by numerous artists, including Caedmon's Call, Five Iron Frenzy, Amy Grant, Carolyn Arends, Jars of Clay, Michael W. Smith, John Tesh, Chris Rice, Rebecca St. James, Hillsong United and Third Day. During the tribute to Rich Mullins' life at the 1998 GMA Dove Awards, Amy Grant described him as "the uneasy conscience of Christian music.”
|Birth name||Richard Wayne Mullins|
|Born||October 21, 1955|
|Origin||Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.|
|Died||September 19, 1997 41) (aged|
Lostant, Illinois, U.S.
|Associated acts||A Ragamuffin Band, Beaker (musician), Mitch McVicker|
Mullins was devoted to the Christian faith and heavily influenced by St. Francis of Assisi. In 1997, he composed a musical called Canticle of the Plains, a retelling of the life of St. Francis set in the Old West.
Richard Wayne Mullins was born to John Mullins, a tree farmer, and Neva Mullins, who was associated with the Quakers. He had two sisters and two brothers. The family called him by his middle name, Wayne, which he went by until college, when his friends called him Richard. Mullins grew up attending Arba Friends Meeting, a church in Lynn, Indiana. The Quaker testimonies of peace and social justice later inspired many of his lyrics. When Mullins was in elementary school, his family moved and started attending Whitewater Christian Church, which he attended until he graduated. Mullins was baptized when he was in the 3rd grade. His great-grandmother taught him to play hymns and sing in four part harmony when he was very young, and he began to study classical piano with a Quaker teacher while in elementary school. He graduated from Northeastern High School in 1974.
Mullins was inspired when the Beatles first appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964. The event helped Mullins understand the influence of music. He was a fan of the Beatles music, and he was able to identify with John Lennon in particular, despite philosophical differences. In his song "Elijah", written around the time of Lennon's murder, he included the phrase "candlelight in Central Park." This was a reference to the candlelight vigils held in the wake of the event. The places of the vigils went on to become a permanent memorial to John Lennon.
An important part of Mullins' early musical experience was being the pianist, songwriter and vocalist for the New Creations Choir in Richmond, Indiana, which was started by Tim and Bonnie Cummings in the early 1970s. The choir toured numerous states in its own bus and even produced an album. New Creations is a church and school for teens, and Mullins was a contributing factor in its beginning.
From 1974 to 1978, Mullins attended Cincinnati Bible College. He worked in a parking garage to help pay for his schooling. During this time Mullins performed with the band Zion, who released one album, for which he wrote all the songs.
From 1975 to 1978, he was the youth pastor and music director at the United Methodist Church in Erlanger. Mullins was then focusing on his duties in the church, and performed minimally in public. He considered his music a hobby. His views on his music continued this way until 1978, when he brought a group of the teens from his church to the Ichthus Music Festival in Wilmore, Kentucky. He said that during this trip he witnessed the effect of music on young people, and decided to start pursuing music full-time.
Beginnings as a recording artist
Mullins' start in the industry occurred in the summer of 1981 when Amy Grant recorded his song "Sing Your Praise to the Lord." The decision was made to stop touring as "Zion," and for Mullins to start his solo career. He moved to Bellsburg, Tennessee, approximately 45 minutes from Nashville, to begin his professional recording career. Mullins got engaged sometime between the late 70s and early 80s, and wrote the song "Doubly Good to You" (recorded by Amy Grant on her album Straight Ahead) for his upcoming wedding. However, his fiancée broke off the engagement in 1982. In response to the breakup, Mullins wrote "Damascus Road".
Years later, Mullins shared thoughts about his relationships and personal life in a radio interview with Rick Tarrant:
I would always be frustrated with all those relationships even when I was engaged. I had a ten-year thing with this girl and I would often wonder why, even in those most intimate moments of our relationship, I would still feel really lonely. And it was just a few years ago that I finally realized that friendship is not a remedy for loneliness. Loneliness is a part of our experience and if we are looking for relief from loneliness in friendship, we are only going to frustrate the friendship. Friendship, camaraderie, intimacy, all those things, and loneliness live together in the same experience.
In 1987, Mullins spent time teaching conversational English in a South Korean seminary. He then served briefly as a missionary in Thailand, in a town approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) from the Thailand-Chinese border. There he became involved with a ministry teaching trades and providing medical care to Chinese refugees. He wrote the song "The Other Side of the World" about his time in Asia.
Kansas and the Move to Navajo Nation
During the late 1980s, Mullins desired change and formulated a plan to leave Tennessee. He took steps to become a music teacher on an Indian reservation he had visited before. In 1988, Mullins moved from Bellsburg to Wichita, Kansas where, in 1991, he attended Friends University. During this time he lived with his best friend, David Strasser (aka "Beaker"). As part of his degree program, Mullins served as the choir director at West Evangelical Free Church. While in Wichita, he also regularly attended Central Christian Church. He graduated with a bachelor's degree (BA) in Music Education from Friends University on May 14, 1995. His 1991 song "Calling Out Your Name" included a reference to The Keeper of the Plains, a 44 ft tall sculpture in Wichita.
After graduation, he and Mitch McVicker moved to a Navajo reservation in Tse Bonito, New Mexico to teach music to children. Rich and McVicker lived in a small hogan on the reservation until Mullin's death in 1997.
In 1996, at the Ichthus music festival, Mullins cited personal reasons for his move. He was asked if he made the move because God had called him to proselytize and convert the Native Americans. To this Mullins responded, "No. I think I just got tired of a White, Evangelical, middle class perspective on God, and I thought I would have more luck finding Christ among the Pagan Navajos. I'm teaching music."
Philosophy and philanthropy
The profits from his tours and the sale of each album were entrusted to his church, which divided it up, paid Mullins the average salary for a laborer in the U.S. for that year, and gave the rest to charity. Mullins was also a major supporter of Compassion International and Compassion USA.
His philosophy can be understood by a quote he gave at a concert shortly before his death. He said,
Jesus said whatever you do to the least of these my brothers you've done it to me. And this is what I've come to think. That if I want to identify fully with Jesus Christ, who I claim to be my Savior and Lord, the best way that I can do that is to identify with the poor. This I know will go against the teachings of all the popular evangelical preachers. But they're just wrong. They're not bad, they're just wrong. Christianity is not about building an absolutely secure little niche in the world where you can live with your perfect little wife and your perfect little children in a beautiful little house where you have no gays or minority groups anywhere near you. Christianity is about learning to love like Jesus loved and Jesus loved the poor and Jesus loved the broken-hearted.
Mullins's interest in Saint Francis of Assisi led to an attraction to Roman Catholicism in his final years. There was no daily Protestant service on the Navajo reservation, so Mullins frequently attended daily Mass. He never converted, and there is dispute over his intentions.
In 1997 Mullins declared,
A lot of the stuff which I thought was so different between Protestants and Catholics [was] not, but at the end of going through an RCIA [Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults] course, I also realized that there are some real and significant differences. I'm not sure which side of the issues I come down on. My openness to Catholicism was very scary to me because, when you grow up in a church where they don't even put up a cross, many things were foreign to me. I went to an older Protestant gentleman that I've respected for years and years, and I asked him, "When does faithfulness to Jesus call us to lay aside our biases and when does it call us to stand beside them?" His answer to me was that it is not about being Catholic or Protestant. It is about being faithful to Jesus. The issue is not about which church you go to, it is about following Jesus where He leads you.
Mullins had a distinctive talent both as a performer and a songwriter. His compositions showed distinction in two ways: unusual and sometimes striking instrumentation, and complex lyrics that usually employed elaborate metaphors.
Mullins did most of his composing and performing on piano and acoustic guitar, but he also had a prodigious talent for obscure instruments. He displayed arguably virtuoso skills on the hammered and lap dulcimers (in "Calling out Your Name" and "Creed") and the Irish tin whistle (in "Boy Like Me/Man Like You" and "The Color Green").
Beginnings with Zion
Mullins formed his first band in 1976–77 while attending Cincinnati Bible College. His musical career formally began with Zion Ministries in the late 1970s, where he wrote music and performed with a band called Zion. The band released one album in 1981, Behold the Man. While working for this ministry, Mullins wrote a song called "Sing Your Praise to the Lord", which was recorded by singer Amy Grant in 1982 and became an immediate hit on Christian radio. In 1983 Debby Boone recorded Mullins' "O Come All Ye Faithful" (first presented on January 19, 1977 during a concert: "In Worship of the Coming King"), for her Surrender album. In 1984, the song was also featured in a TV movie called Sins of the Past.
As Rich Mullins
In 1986, Mullins released his eponymous debut album, followed in 1987 by Pictures in the Sky. Neither album sold very well, but the Christian radio hit "Awesome God" on his third album, Winds of Heaven, Stuff of Earth, brought his music to a wider audience. The song "Awesome God" was written on the way to a Christian camp, Rock Lake Christian Assembly, near Vestaburg, Michigan.
In the early 1990s, Mullins released a pair of albums entitled The World As Best As I Remember It, Volume One and Volume Two. These featured a more stripped-back, acoustic feel than his earlier work, with nods to Irish music. "Step By Step", a song written by his friend Beaker and included on volume one, and incorporated into "Sometimes By Step" with additional lyrics by Mullins on volume two, became an instant hit on Christian radio, and, like "Awesome God", it became a popular praise chorus. Both during and after Mullins' college years, Beaker was a substantial influence on Mullins and his music. Beaker co-wrote, performed, and toured with Mullins for several years. The first song they wrote together was "Boy Like Me, Man Like You", a 1991 hit for Mullins. Mullins wrote his hit song "Let Mercy Lead" for Beaker's son Aidan.
The Ragamuffin Band
In 1993, Mullins assembled a group of Nashville musicians (including Jimmy Abegg, Beaker, Billy Crockett, Phil Madeira, Rick Elias, and Aaron Smith) to form A Ragamuffin Band, whose name was inspired by the Christian book The Ragamuffin Gospel by Brennan Manning. The band recorded A Liturgy, a Legacy, & a Ragamuffin Band, which was later named the No. 3 best Christian album of all time by CCM Magazine. Liturgy was a concept album that drew its inspiration, in part, from the Catholic liturgy. The Ragamuffins also appeared on Mullins' 1995 record Brother's Keeper and his 1998 record The Jesus Record. Mark Robertson joined the Ragamuffins as the band's bass player for touring and The Jesus Record.
The Canticle of the Plains
In 1997, Mullins teamed up with Beaker and Mitch McVicker to write a musical based on the life of St. Francis of Assisi: The Canticle of the Plains. Mullins had great respect for St. Francis, and even formed "The Kid Brothers of St. Frank" in the late 1980s with Beaker.
The Jesus Record
Shortly before his death, Mullins had been working on his next project, which was to be a concept album based on the life of Jesus Christ and was to be called Ten Songs About Jesus. On September 10, 1997, nine days before his death, he made a rough microcassette recording of the album's songs in an abandoned church. This tape was released as disc 1 of The Jesus Record, which featured new recordings of the songs on disc 2 by the Ragamuffin Band, with guest vocalists Amy Grant, Michael W. Smith, Ashley Cleveland, and Phil Keaggy. "Heaven in His Eyes" was not a new song, but had been written more than two decades earlier, and was a beloved favorite of Mullins'.
Mullins recorded the duet "I Believe" with Hokus Pick on the album Brothers From Different Mothers in 1994. In addition to vocals, Mullins performed on the lap and hammered dulcimers.
Death and legacy
On September 19, 1997, Mullins and his friend Mitch McVicker were traveling southbound on I-39 north of Bloomington, Illinois, to a benefit concert at Wichita State University in Kansas, when they lost control of the Jeep. They were not wearing seat belts and were both ejected from the vehicle. When a passing semi-trailer truck swerved to miss the overturned Jeep, Mullins, who was too injured to move out of the path of the oncoming truck, was hit by the truck and instantly died at the scene. McVicker was seriously injured but survived.
His funeral was open to the public and had a large gathering. He is buried at the Harrison Township cemetery in Hollandsburg, Ohio, alongside his brother, who died in infancy, and his father.
In 1998, the tribute album Awesome God: A Tribute to Rich Mullins was released, featuring favorite Mullins songs reinterpreted by his Christian music peers.
Mullins' family founded The Legacy of a Kid Brother of St. Frank to continue his mission to develop programs of art, drama and music camps for Native American youth and provide a traveling music school serving remote areas of the reservations.
Musicians Andrew Peterson, Matt Maher, and activist Shane Claiborne have cited Mullins as influential. Claiborne listed Rich Mullins on his list of contemporary Christian saints and martyrs deserving a "feast day" of remembrance.
Color Green Films, with Kid Brothers of St. Frank Co., developed a full-length feature film, as well as a documentary, based on Mullins' life and legacy. The film, Ragamuffin, finished filming in October 2012 and premiered in Wichita, Kansas on January 9, 2014.
- Behold the Man (1981)
- Rich Mullins (1986)
- Pictures in the Sky (1987)
- Winds of Heaven, Stuff of Earth (1988)
- Never Picture Perfect (1989)
- The World as Best as I Remember It, Volume One (1991)
- The World as Best as I Remember It, Volume Two (1992)
- A Liturgy, a Legacy, & a Ragamuffin Band (1993)
- Brother's Keeper (1995)
- Canticle of the Plains (1997)
- The Jesus Record (1998, posthumous)
Awards and nominations
GMA Dove Awards
- 1998: Artist of the Year (posthumous)
- 1999: Dove Award for Song of the Year - "My Deliverer" (posthumous)
- 1999: Songwriter of the Year (posthumous)
- 1999: Recorded Music Packaging - The Jesus Record (posthumous)
- 1983: Song of the Year - "Sing Your Praise to the Lord"
- 1989: Contemporary Recorded Song - "Awesome God"
- 1991: Song of the Year - "Awesome God"
- 1991: Inspirational Recorded Song - "Bound to Come Some Trouble"
- 1991: Rock Recorded Song - "Higher Education and the Book of Love"
- 1993: Song of the Year - "Sometimes By Step"
- 1993: Inspirational Recorded Song - "Sometimes By Step"
- 1994: Song of the Year - "Hold Me Jesus"
- 1994: Contemporary Recorded Song - "Hold Me Jesus"
- 1994: Recorded Music Packaging - A Liturgy, a Legacy, & a Ragamuffin Band
- 1995: Song of the Year - "Creed"
- 1996: Songwriter of the Year
- 1997: Recorded Music Packaging - Songs
- 1998: Song of the Year - "Hope to Carry On" (posthumous nomination)
- 1998: Male Vocalist of the Year (posthumous nomination)
- 1998: Pop/Contemporary Recorded Song - "Elijah" (posthumous nomination)
- 1999: Pop/Contemporary Album - The Jesus Record (posthumous nomination)
- 2004: Recorded Music Packaging - Here in America (posthumous nomination)
- "Rich Mullins song list". Kidbrothers.net. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- "R1998 - Rich Mullins Tribute". GMA Dove Awards. April 23, 1998. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
- Mullins, Rich. "Rich Mullins - Canticle of the Plains".
- "Mullins Takes Risk with Show on Saint, But Fans Keep Faith".
- An Arrow Pointing to Heaven Smith, JB (2000) B & H Publishing Group Nashville, Tennessee ISBN 978-0-8054-2635-9 p. 12, 13
- Selleck, Linda (April 3, 1998). "A Ragamuffin Music Man: Rich Mullins". Quaker Magazine.
- "The Life of a Ragamuffin". A Candle to the Sun. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
- "Lufkin Texas, July '97".
- Lewis, Jack (September 19, 2002). "Danny Carlton – alias "Jack Lewis": In memory of Rich Mullins". Jacklewis.net. Archived from the original on May 2, 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- "Ind. art museum to feature film on late musician". Evansville Courier & Press. December 29, 2013. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
- Newcomb, Brian (June 13, 1992). "Step By Step, A Conversation with Rich Mullins". CCM Magazine.
- Rich Mullins - Michigan Interview, 1988.
- "Rich Mullins Mailing list 103". kidbrothers.net. April 17, 1995. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- erlangerumc.org/mullins Archived October 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Rich Mullins discusses college, youth ministry and Zion Ministries.
- Yonke, David (November 18, 1995). "Rich Mullins 'cartoons' in catchy tunes". Toledo Blade. Retrieved May 5, 2016.
- "Rich Mullins timeline 1 – audiori.net".
- "Brothers Keeper radio special". Kidbrothers.net. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- Rick Tarrant (October 11, 1997). "20: the Countdown Magazine remembers Rich Mullins". Kidbrothers.net. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- An Arrow Pointing to Heaven Smith, JB (2000) B & H Publishing Group Nashville, Tennessee ISBN 978-0-8054-2635-9 p. 131, 13
- "Christian Rocker Finds New Life in the Desert". Chicago Tribune. April 25, 1996. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- Denison, Paul (October 29, 1995). "Stepping Out in Faith". Eugene Register-Guard. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
- An Arrow Pointing to Heaven Smith, JB (2000) B & H Publishing Group Nashville, Tennessee ISBN 978-0-8054-2635-9 p. 104
- "Christian Rocker Finds New Life in the Desert". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- "Christian Rocker Finds New Life in the Desert". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- Rich Mullins Interview – Ichthus Festival, 1996.
- "Homeless Man video transcript". kidbrothers.net. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- "Music and More Interview with Jon Rivers".
- "Rich Mullins Mailing List 143". kidbrothers.net. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vQnFU5JvuWY (The quoted speech begins at 7:40 of this video reference.)
- "Catholic World News : Christian Singer Rich Mullins Dies; Planned To Become Catholic". Cwnews.com. September 22, 1997. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- "Rich Mullins, Enigmatic, restless, Catholic". gospelcom.net. Archived from the original on June 18, 2002. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- An Arrow Pointing to Heaven, James Bryan Smith, pp53-54
- Radio interview with Artie Terry, "The Exchange," WETN, Wheaton, Ill., April 1997, quoted in An Arrow Pointing to Heaven, James Bryan Smith, p54
- "Rich Mullins timeline 1987 – audiori.net". Audiori.net. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- "Rich Mullins timeline 1992 – audiori.net". Audiori.net. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- "richmullins.com/kidbrothers". Richmullins.com. Archived from the original on May 29, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- Hkous Pick (1994). Bothers From Different Mothers. Liner Notes: Vision Artists.
- "Christian singer killed in accident". Herald-Journal. September 22, 1997. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
- "Christian singer killed in accident". Sarasota Herald-Tribune – September 23, 1997. September 22, 1997. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
- "Kid Brothers – Kid Brothers of St Frank". Richmullins.com. Archived from the original on May 29, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- "Take 6, Dr. Bobby Jones among Gospel honorees". The Tennessean. April 29, 2014. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
- "Gospel Music Association (GMA) Announces Rich Mullins as 2014 Hall of Fame Inductee". ChristianCinema.com. April 14, 2014. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
- "Beaten Up and Carried Home: Remembering Rich Mullins". The Rabbit Room. September 21, 2011. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
- "Matt Maher On The Record". thesoundopinion.com. June 5, 2015. Archived from the original on December 17, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
- "The Irresistible Revolution: Living As an Ordinary Radical". The Irresistible Revolution: Living As an Ordinary Radical. February 1, 2006. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
- Jesus for President Claiborne, Shane; Haw, Chris (2008) Zondervan Press Grand Rapids, Michigan ISBN 978-0310278429 p. 322
- Ragamuffin, DVD, Millennium Entertainment, ME-15609.
- Grant English (January 9, 2014). "Ragamuffin (2014)". IMDb. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- Shellnut, Kate (September 1, 2016). "The Mountain Goats' John Darnielle Loves Amy Grant, Rich Mullins, and the Book of Jonah:The indie rocker discusses his spiritual hunger with CT". Christianity Today. Carol Stream, IL: Christianity Today International. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
- Manning, Brennan. The Ragamuffin Gospel: Embracing the Unconditional Love of God (Multnomah, July 1990) (ISBN 0-88070-631-7)
- Smith, James Bryan. Rich Mullins: A Devotional Biography: An Arrow Pointing to Heaven (Broadman and Holman, Revised Edition August 2002) ( ISBN 978-0805426359)
- Mullins, Rich, and Pearson, Ben. The World As I Remember It: Through the Eyes of a Ragamuffin (Multnomah, March 2004) (ISBN 1-59052-368-7)
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