Rhombitetrahexagonal tiling

In geometry, the rhombitetrahexagonal tiling is a uniform tiling of the hyperbolic plane. It has Schläfli symbol of rr{6,4}. It can be seen as constructed as a rectified tetrahexagonal tiling, r{6,4}, as well as an expanded order-4 hexagonal tiling or expanded order-6 square tiling.

Rhombitetrahexagonal tiling

Poincaré disk model of the hyperbolic plane
TypeHyperbolic uniform tiling
Vertex configuration4.4.6.4
Schläfli symbolrr{6,4} or
Wythoff symbol4 | 6 2
Coxeter diagram

Symmetry group[6,4], (*642)
DualDeltoidal tetrahexagonal tiling
PropertiesVertex-transitive

Constructions

There are two uniform constructions of this tiling, one from [6,4] or (*642) symmetry, and secondly removing the mirror middle, [6,1+,4], gives a rectangular fundamental domain [∞,3,∞], (*3222).

Two uniform constructions of 4.4.4.6
Name Rhombitetrahexagonal tiling
Image
Symmetry [6,4]
(*642)
[6,1+,4] = [∞,3,∞]
(*3222)
=
Schläfli symbol rr{6,4} t0,1,2,3{∞,3,∞}
Coxeter diagram =

There are 3 lower symmetry forms seen by including edge-colorings: sees the hexagons as truncated triangles, with two color edges, with [6,4+] (4*3) symmetry. sees the yellow squares as rectangles, with two color edges, with [6+,4] (6*2) symmetry. A final quarter symmetry combines these colorings, with [6+,4+] (32×) symmetry, with 2 and 3 fold gyration points and glide reflections.

This four color tiling is related to a semiregular infinite skew polyhedron with the same vertex figure in Euclidean 3-space with a prismatic honeycomb construction of .

Symmetry

The dual tiling, called a deltoidal tetrahexagonal tiling, represents the fundamental domains of the *3222 orbifold, shown here from three different centers. Its fundamental domain is a Lambert quadrilateral, with 3 right angles. This symmetry can be seen from a [6,4], (*642) triangular symmetry with one mirror removed, constructed as [6,1+,4], (*3222). Removing half of the blue mirrors doubles the domain again into *3322 symmetry.

See also

References

  • John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, The Symmetries of Things 2008, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 (Chapter 19, The Hyperbolic Archimedean Tessellations)
  • "Chapter 10: Regular honeycombs in hyperbolic space". The Beauty of Geometry: Twelve Essays. Dover Publications. 1999. ISBN 0-486-40919-8. LCCN 99035678.
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