Rhea Mitchell

Rhea Ginger Mitchell (December 10, 1890 September 16, 1957) was an American film actress and screenwriter. She began her career during the silent film era, and went on to appear in over 100 films. In her early career, she earned the name of "the little stunt girl" because of her willingness to attempt thrilling scenes in motion pictures.[1] Mitchell's first major role was in On the Night Stage (1915), followed by a part in The Diamond from the Sky, a serial film starring Lottie Pickford.

Rhea Mitchell
Mitchell in 1920
Born(1890-12-10)December 10, 1890
DiedOctober 16, 1957(1957-10-16) (aged 66)
Resting placeHollywood Forever Cemetery
OccupationActress, screenwriter
Years active19121952

Through the mid-1910s, Mitchell appeared in numerous Western films with William S. Hart. Following the advent of sound pictures, Mitchell continued to work in film, though often appearing uncredited, before retiring in 1952. Some of her later credits include Green Dolphin Street (1947), State of the Union (1948), and Stars in My Crown (1950).

In 1957, after having retired from acting two years prior, Mitchell was murdered by a tenant in an apartment building she owned in Los Angeles. She is interred at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery.

Life and career

1890–1913: Early life and theater

Rhea Ginger Mitchell[2] was born on December 10, 1890 in Portland, Oregon, to Lillie and Willis N. Mitchell.[3] Mitchell was raised in Portland, and was an only child.[4] At age seventeen, Mitchell was given her first role in a local theater production,[4] joining the Baker Stock Company in Portland after graduating high school.[5][6] She also performed in local vaudeville shows.[5]

Between 1911 and 1913, Mitchell lived in Spokane and Seattle, Washington, and Vancouver, British Columbia, appearing in theatrical productions, before settling in San Francisco.[4] In San Francisco, she was a part of the Orpheum Circuit and at the Alcazar Theater.[7][8]

1913–1919: Film career beginnings

Mitchell made her film debut in 1912 with the New York Motion Picture Corporation [7] and would eventually appear in over 100 films during her career. She starred in The Game Keeper's Daughter (1914), a romantic drama set in England.[9] Another early credit was in The Heart of Maggie Malone (1914), in which she portrayed a miner's daughter.[2]

She appeared a number of times with Western star William S. Hart playing a leading role in those films,[10] including 1914's In the Sage Brush Country, and 1915's On the Night Stage directed by Reginald Barker.[2] She also appeared in the Thomas Ince film adaptation of The Devil (also released in 1915, and directed by Barker). Mitchell had a small role in the serial film The Diamond from the Sky with Lottie Pickford,[11] and in Edward Dillon's adaptation of Don Quixote (both released in 1915).[12]

In 1916 she played in The Brink with Forrest Winant and Arthur Maude,[13] in the sociological drama A Camille of the Barbary Coast (1916),[14] and as Constance Bonacieux in Charles Swickard's The Three Musketeers.[12]

Other notable roles include Frank Lloyd's drama The Blindness of Divorce (1918), in which she had the female starring role opposite Charles Clary.[15]

1920–1952: Later career

After 1917, her roles became smaller and she appeared in a handful of films through the mid-30s and in several bit parts during the early 1950s which often went uncredited. In 1936, she appeared in an uncredited part in San Francisco, starring Clark Gable, and directed by W. S. Van Dyke, who had directed Mitchell in The Hawk's Trail in 1916.[16] In 1927, Mitchell wrote two films: The Dude Desperado[17] and The Home Trail, the latter of which was directed by William Wyler.[18]

She later had uncredited roles in Jacques Tourneur's The Ship That Died (1938),[12] as a nurse in the Lana Turner-led romantic comedy Marriage Is a Private Affair (1944),[12] and as a seamstress in The Unfinished Dance (1947).[12] In 1948, Mitchell had a minor role as Jeny in Frank Capra's State of the Union.[12] Her last screen credit was in director Fred Zinneman's film adaptation of The Member of the Wedding (1952), portraying a townswoman.[12]

Death

After her retirement from films, Mitchell managed a large apartment house in Los Angeles. While managing a second apartment in 1957, the La Brea District Apartments, a disgruntled tenant named Sonnie Hartford, Jr., strangled her to death with the cord of her blue silk dressing gown.[19][20] An article in the Press-Telegram read in part:

A search still was being made by police for a 'baldish, middleaged man' who reportedly kept company recently with the never-married Miss Mitchell. Seattle police were asked to question Miss Mitchell's only known relative, an aunt, Mrs. John Benson. Police said there was no sign of a struggle or criminal attack. Her body was discovered by the houseboy. The actress, known as Ginger to her friends, had played opposite such silent film stars as William S. Hart, Tom Mix, King Baggot and Bert Lytell.... She had appeared in film bit roles as recently as 1951.[19]

Hartford pleaded guilty to second-degree murder.[21] In March 1958, he was given a prison sentence of five years to life.[21]

Mitchell is interred at Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Los Angeles.[22]

Filmography

References

  1. Dean, Daisy (October 4, 1916). "News Notes From Movieland". Janesville Daily Gazette. Janesville, Wisconsin. p. 6 via Newspapers.com.
  2. Rainey 1992, p. 57.
  3. "Rhea Mitchell in household of * N Mitchell, Precinct 44 Portland city Ward 9, Multnomah, Oregon, United States; citing sheet 4B, family 88, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,241,350". U.S. Census, 1900. January 22, 2015. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  4. Wadleigh, Ryan (July 4, 2013). "Silent film actress: Rhea Mitchell". Ryan's Dead Ancestors. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  5. "Another Portland Miss Has Made Her Mark". The Oregon Daily Journal. Portland, Oregon. June 18, 1922. p. 42 via Newspapers.com.
  6. "Famous "Stunt Girl" To Act For Mutual". Lincoln Star. Lincoln, Nebraska. April 16, 1916. p. 31 via Newspapers.com.
  7. The Moving Picture World, Vol. 29 (1916) Chalmers Publishing Company, New York
  8. Wilson, Neill (April 29, 2013). "New Fame is Won by Alcazar Players; "The Woman" Given Fine Interpretation". The San Francisco Examiner. San Francisco, California. p. 8 via Newspapers.com.
  9. "Local Girl—Sensation Of Film World". The Oregon Daily Journal. Portland, Oregon. October 4, 1914. p. 37 via Newspapers.com.
  10. Rainey 1992, pp. 57–58.
  11. Katchmer 2015, p. 261.
  12. "Rhea Mitchell Filmography". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Los Angeles: American Film Institute. Archived from the original on January 6, 2019.
  13. "Unique Theater". Marshfield Times. Marshfield, Wisconsin. April 26, 1916. p. 4.
  14. "Photoplays". The Oregon Daily Journal. Portland, Oregon. May 28, 1916. p. 2 via Newspapers.com.
  15. "The Blindness of Divorce trade advertisement". The Des Moines Register. Des Moines, Iowa. August 18, 1918. p. 22 via Newspapers.com.
  16. "Brilliant Picture to Close Its Show Tomorrow Night". San Jose News. July 17, 1936. p. 27. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  17. Rainey 1990, p. 79.
  18. Miller 2013, p. 402.
  19. "Ex-Star Slain, Jail Houseboy". Long Beach, California Press-Telegram. Long Beach, California. September 17, 1957. p. 1.
  20. "Ex-Actress Strangled". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, California. September 17, 1957. p. 38.
  21. "Killer of Ex-Actress Gets Prison Sentence". The San Bernardino County Sun. San Bernardino, California. March 21, 1958. p. 8 via Newspapers.com.
  22. Ellenberger 2001, p. 141.

Sources

  • Ellenberger, Allan R. (2001). Celebrities in Los Angeles Cemeteries: A Directory. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 978-0-786-45019-0.
  • Katchmer, George A. (2015). A Biographical Dictionary of Silent Film Western Actors and Actresses. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 978-1-476-60905-8.
  • Miller, Gabriel (2013). William Wyler: The Life and Films of Hollywood's Most Celebrated Director. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0-813-14210-4.
  • Rainey, Buck (1990). Those Fabulous Serial Heroines: Their Lives and Films. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-810-81911-5.
  • Rainey, Buck (1992). Sweethearts of the Sage: Biographies and Filmographies of 258 Actresses Appearing in Western Movies. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 978-0-899-50565-7.
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