Revolutions (Jean-Michel Jarre album)

Revolutions is the ninth studio album by electronic musician and composer Jean-Michel Jarre, first released in August 1988. The album spans several genres, including symphonic industrial, Arabian inspired, light guitar pop and ethnic electro jazz. The album reached number #2 in the UK charts, Jarre's best chart position since Oxygène. The Destination Docklands concert in London coincided with the release of the album.

Revolutions
Studio album by
ReleasedAugust 1988
Recorded1987-1988 at Croissy Studio, France
GenreElectronica, world music, synthpop, electro, dance-rock
Length44:24
LabelDisques Dreyfus
ProducerJean-Michel Jarre
Jean-Michel Jarre chronology
Rendez-Vous
(1986)
Revolutions
(1988)
Jarre Live (Destination Docklands)
(1989)
Singles from Revolutions
  1. "Revolutions"
    Released: October 1988
  2. "London Kid"
    Released: December 1988
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Allmusic [1]

Composition and recording

There are two versions of the album, each containing a different version of the track "Revolutions". On the original release, the introduction to the tune is played on a Turkish flute, whereas the later reissue of the album uses an Arabian string orchestra for the introduction. This version also has a different vocal accompaniment, as sung by an Arabian vocalist. "Revolutions" contains reworked samples of an unpublished composition by Turk Kudsi Erguner, which Jarre had acquired from ethnologist Xavier Bellenger. Erguner took his case to court and won a modest indemnity.[2] Jarre removed the flute part—the Ney—from new releases of the record and from live performances.

The song "London Kid" was a collaboration with Hank Marvin. Hank was living in Perth, Australia at the time and he and Jean-Michel composed the song with each other over the phone.

As stated in the liner notes, the track "September" is named after and dedicated to South African ANC activist Dulcie September, who was assassinated in Paris on 29 March 1988.[3]

The majority of the album was played with a Roland D-50 synthesizer, with the majority of sound programming gathered from custom sound banks, compiled into a single bank and later released for French Keyboards magazine.

Track listing

1988 Original Release

Side one
No.TitleLength
1."Révolution industrielle" (Industrial Revolution)
  • 1. Overture (5:11)
  • 2. Part 1 (5:10)
  • 3. Part 2 (2:17)
  • 4. Part 3 (4:13)
16:51
2."London Kid"4:27
Side two
No.TitleLength
1."Révolutions" (Revolutions)4:57
2."Tokyo Kid"5:21
3."Computer Weekend (recorded and released in 1987)"4:42
4."September"3:53
5."L'Emigrant" (The Emigrant)4:10

1988 Another Release

No.TitleLength
1."Industrial Revolution Overture"5:11
2."Industrial Revolution Part 1"5:10
3."Industrial Revolution Part 2"2:17
4."Industrial Revolution Part 3"4:13
5."London Kid"4:27
6."Revolutions"4:57
7."Tokyo Kid"5:21
8."Computer Weekend"4:42
9."September"3:53
10."L'Emigrant" (The Emigrant)4:10

1991 Release (remaster)

No.TitleLength
1."Industrial Revolution Overture"5:11
2."Industrial Revolution Part 1"5:10
3."Industrial Revolution Part 2"2:17
4."Industrial Revolution Part 3"4:13
5."London Kid"4:27
6."Revolution, Revolutions"4:55
7."Tokyo Kid"5:21
8."Computer Weekend"4:42
9."September"3:53
10."L'Emigrant" (The Emigrant)4:10

Personnel

Certifications

Region CertificationCertified units/sales
France (SNEP)[4] 289,200 [5]*
United Kingdom (BPI)[6] Gold 100,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

References

Notes
Bibliography
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