Revolutionary Internationalist Movement
The Revolutionary Internationalist Movement (RIM) was an international Communist organization founded in France in March 1984 by 17 various Maoist organisations around the world. It sought to "struggle for the formation of a Communist International of a new type, based on Marxism–Leninism–Maoism". The RIM appears to be defunct as are many of the founding organisations and many changed their names over the years, or have dropped active armed struggle.
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From 1993 onwards the RIM believed that the experience gained from the People’s War in Peru enabled the International Communist Movement "to further deepen [their] grasp of the proletarian ideology and on that basis take a far-reaching step, the recognition of Marxism–Leninism–Maoism as the new, third and higher stage of Marxism". This formulation caused a split in the Maoist movement, with the continued adherents of Mao Zedong Thought leaving RIM and congregating around the International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations.
Founding parties at a conference on 12 March 1984 were:
- Union of Iranian Communists (Sarbedaran)
- Ceylon Communist Party (Sri Lanka)
- Communist Collective of Agit/Prop (Italy)
- Proletarian Communist Organisation, Marxist–Leninist (Italy)
- Communist Party of Colombia (Marxist–Leninist), Mao Tsetung Regional Committee
- Communist Party of Peru
- Communist Party of Turkey (Marxist–Leninist)
- Haitian Revolutionary Internationalist Group
- Communist Party of Nepal (Masal)
- New Zealand Red Flag Group
- Revolutionary Communist Group of Colombia
- Central Reorganisation Committee, Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist)
- Leading Committee, Revolutionary Communist Party, India
- Revolutionary Communist Party, USA
- Revolutionary Communist Union (Dominican Republic)
- Nottingham Communist Group (Britain)
- Stockport Communist Group (Britain)
The Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan later joined.
The Communist Party of Nepal (Masal) left over differences of political line, but a much larger group, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), is a member. Indian member organizations amalgamated into the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
Of the RIM's one-time participating member organizations, the Maoist Communist Party (Turkey) and the Communist Party of Peru (Shining Path) are currently engaged in armed conflict. The RIM also supported the revolutionary wars led by the Communist Party of the Philippines and by the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
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- Cailmail, Benoît. Le mouvement maoïste au Népal, 1949-2008. PhD thesis. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris, 2015, p. 331.
- Cailmail, Benoît. "A History of Nepalese Maoism since its Foundation by Mohan Bikram Singh" (PDF). European Bulletin of Himalayan Research. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- Rawal, Bhim Bahadur. Nepalma samyabadi andolan: udbhab ra vikas. Kathmandu: Pairavi Prakashan. p. 142.
- "RIM Documents and Statements". Banned Thought. Retrieved May 8, 2017.