Resistance Party (France)
|Merged into||Party of Order|
|Newspaper||Journal des débats|
The Resistance Party came to power with Casimir Pierre Périer in 1831 and would remain there essentially until the end of the reign. At the head of the government since March 1831, Périer brought in the army against the Lyons canuts. This revolt took place in the working-class districts of Lyons. The rioters brandished the black flag by chanting "live by working or dying while fighting".
After the death of Périer in 1832, his associate François Guizot became the party leader. He imposed a peaceful foreign policy and a conservative domestic policy. This government was unpopular in 1840 because to consolidate the regime the government did not hesitate to corrupt parliament. In the elections of 1842, the Guizot government imposed itself by a favorable economic situation.
However, the tension between workers and industrialists became too strong and revolts exploded. King Louis Philippe I removed Guizot from power in 1847. Louis-Mathieu Molé was appointed briefly as Prime Minister, attempting to repress the revolution, but he failed. The monarchy was abolished and the new French Republic was born in 1848.
The Resistance Party believed that the liberal cause had been fulfilled by the Charter of 1830. The party envisioned the July Revolution as a means to restore order and legality after the coup d'état of Charles X, rather than as a radical break from the existing order. Their governments supported a moderate and bourgeois policy, retaining the censal system and holding a laissez-faire economic stance. The party did back some progressive measures such as the school law of 1833, which established free public education for the poor.
|Chamber of Deputies|
|Election year||No. of
overall seats won
320 / 460
64 / 464
199 / 459
266 / 459
290 / 459
- Civilization and Society in the West. p. 439.
Sophie Kerignard; Laurent Colantonio; Véronique Fau-Vincenti; Alice Primi (2004). 100 fiches d'histoire du xixe siècle. l'Histoire de France, Larousse. Editions Bréal.