Research I university

Research I university is a category that the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education uses to indicate universities in the United States that engage in the highest levels of research activity.

History

The 1994 edition of the Carnegie Classification defined Research I universities as those that:

  • Offer a full range of baccalaureate programs
  • Are committed to graduate education through the doctorate
  • Give high priority to research
  • Award 50 or more doctoral degrees each year
  • Receive annually $40 million or more in federal support[1]

The Carnegie Foundation reported that 59 institutions met these criteria in 1994.[2]

In their interim 2000 edition of the classification, the Carnegie Foundation renamed the category to Doctoral/research universities-extensive in order to avoid the inference that the categories signify quality differences."[3] The foundation replaced their single classification system with a multiple classification system in their 2005 comprehensive overhaul of the classification framework [3][4] so that the term "Research I university" was no longer valid, though many universities continued to use it.

In 2015, the Carnegie Classification System reinstated the "Research I university" designations along with "Research II" and "Research III." The current system, introduced in 2018, includes the following three categories for doctoral universities:[5]

  • R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity
  • R2: Doctoral Universities – High research activity
  • D/PU: Doctoral/Professional Universities

In the 2018 classification, institutions were classified as either R1 or R2 if they "conferred at least 20 research/scholarship doctorates in 2016-17 and reported at least $5 million in total research expenditures."[5] A "research activity index" was then calculated that included the following measures:

  • Research & development (R&D) expenditures in science and engineering (S&E)
  • R&D expenditures in non-S&E fields
  • S&E research staff (postdoctoral appointees and other non-faculty research staff with doctorates)
  • Doctoral conferrals in humanities, social science, STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields, and in other fields (e.g., business, education, public policy, social work)

These four measures were combined using principal component analysis to create two indices of research activity, one representing an aggregate level of research activity and the other representing per-capita research activity. Institutions that were high on both indices were classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity."[5]

Institutions

There are 131 institutions that are classified as "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity" in the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.[6]

These universities have a very high level of both research activity and per capita in such research activity, using aggregate data to determine both measurements. These two classifications can be seen as the aggregate supply and aggregate demand of research, respectively.[7]

Doctoral Universities – Highest Research Activity
Institution Control City State
Arizona State UniversityPublicTempeAZ
Auburn UniversityPublicAuburnAL
Binghamton UniversityPublicVestalNY
Boston CollegePrivate (Non-profit)Chestnut HillMA
Boston UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)BostonMA
Brandeis UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)WalthamMA
Brown UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)ProvidenceRI
California Institute of TechnologyPrivate (Non-profit)PasadenaCA
Carnegie Mellon UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)PittsburghPA
Case Western Reserve UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)ClevelandOH
Clemson UniversityPublicClemsonSC
Colorado State UniversityPublicFort CollinsCO
Columbia UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)New YorkNY
Cornell UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)IthacaNY
Dartmouth CollegePrivate (Non-profit)HanoverNH
Drexel UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)PhiladelphiaPA
Duke UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)DurhamNC
Emory UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)AtlantaGA
Florida International UniversityPublicMiamiFL
Florida State UniversityPublicTallahasseeFL
George Mason UniversityPublicFairfaxVA
George Washington UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)WashingtonDC
Georgetown UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)WashingtonDC
Georgia Institute of TechnologyPublicAtlantaGA
Georgia State UniversityPublicAtlantaGA
Graduate Center, CUNYPublicNew YorkNY
Harvard UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)CambridgeMA
Indiana University BloomingtonPublicBloomingtonIN
Iowa State UniversityPublicAmesIA
Johns Hopkins UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)BaltimoreMD
Kansas State UniversityPublicManhattanKS
Louisiana State UniversityPublicBaton RougeLA
Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyPrivate (Non-profit)CambridgeMA
Michigan State UniversityPublicEast LansingMI
Mississippi State UniversityPublicMississippi StateMS
Montana State UniversityPublicBozemanMT
New Jersey Institute of TechnologyPublicNew JerseyNJ
New York UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)New YorkNY
North Carolina State UniversityPublicRaleighNC
Northeastern UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)BostonMA
Northwestern UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)EvanstonIL
Ohio State UniversityPublicColumbusOH
Oklahoma State University–StillwaterPublicStillwaterOK
Oregon State UniversityPublicCorvallisOR
Pennsylvania State UniversityPublicUniversity ParkPA
Princeton UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)PrincetonNJ
Purdue UniversityPublicWest LafayetteIN
Rensselaer Polytechnic InstitutePrivate (Non-profit)TroyNY
Rice UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)HoustonTX
Rutgers University–New BrunswickPublicNew BrunswickNJ
Stanford UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)StanfordCA
Stony Brook UniversityPublicStony BrookNY
Syracuse UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)SyracuseNY
Temple UniversityPublicPhiladelphiaPA
Texas A&M UniversityPublicCollege StationTX
Texas Tech UniversityPublicLubbockTX
Tufts UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)MedfordMA
Tulane UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)New OrleansLA
University at Albany, SUNYPublicAlbanyNY
University at BuffaloPublicBuffaloNY
University of AlabamaPublicTuscaloosaAL
University of Alabama at BirminghamPublicBirminghamAL
University of ArizonaPublicTucsonAZ
University of ArkansasPublicFayettevilleAR
University of California, BerkeleyPublicBerkeleyCA
University of California, DavisPublicDavisCA
University of California, IrvinePublicIrvineCA
University of California, Los AngelesPublicLos AngelesCA
University of California, RiversidePublicRiversideCA
University of California, San DiegoPublicLa JollaCA
University of California, Santa BarbaraPublicSanta BarbaraCA
University of California, Santa CruzPublicSanta CruzCA
University of Central FloridaPublicOrlandoFL
University of ChicagoPrivate (Non-profit)ChicagoIL
University of CincinnatiPublicCincinnatiOH
University of Colorado BoulderPublicBoulderCO
University of Colorado DenverPublicDenverCO
University of ConnecticutPublicStorrsCT
University of DelawarePublicNewarkDE
University of FloridaPublicGainesvilleFL
University of GeorgiaPublicAthensGA
University of Hawaii at ManoaPublicHonoluluHI
University of HoustonPublicHoustonTX
University of Illinois at ChicagoPublicChicagoIL
University of Illinois at Urbana–ChampaignPublicChampaignIL
University of IowaPublicIowa CityIA
University of KansasPublicLawrenceKS
University of KentuckyPublicLexingtonKY
University of LouisvillePublicLouisvilleKY
University of Maryland, College ParkPublicCollege ParkMD
University of Massachusetts AmherstPublicAmherstMA
University of MiamiPrivate (Non-profit)Coral GablesFL
University of MichiganPublicAnn ArborMI
University of MinnesotaPublicMinneapolisMN
University of MississippiPublicOxfordMS
University of MissouriPublicColumbiaMO
University of Nebraska–LincolnPublicLincolnNE
University of Nevada, Las VegasPublicLas VegasNV
University of Nevada, RenoPublicRenoNV
University of New HampshirePublicDurhamNH
University of New MexicoPublicAlbuquerqueNM
University of North Carolina at Chapel HillPublicChapel HillNC
University of North TexasPublicDentonTX
University of Notre DamePrivate (Non-profit)Notre DameIN
University of OklahomaPublicNormanOK
University of OregonPublicEugeneOR
University of PennsylvaniaPrivate (Non-profit)PhiladelphiaPA
University of PittsburghPublicPittsburghPA
University of RochesterPrivate (Non-profit)RochesterNY
University of South CarolinaPublicColumbiaSC
University of South FloridaPublicTampaFL
University of Southern CaliforniaPrivate (Non-profit)Los AngelesCA
University of Southern MississippiPublicHattiesburgMS
University of TennesseePublicKnoxvilleTN
University of Texas at ArlingtonPublicArlingtonTX
University of Texas at AustinPublicAustinTX
University of Texas at DallasPublicRichardsonTX
University of Texas at El PasoPublicEl PasoTX
University of UtahPublicSalt Lake CityUT
University of VirginiaPublicCharlottesvilleVA
University of WashingtonPublicSeattleWA
University of Wisconsin–MadisonPublicMadisonWI
University of Wisconsin–MilwaukeePublicMilwaukeeWI
Vanderbilt UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)NashvilleTN
Virginia Commonwealth UniversityPublicRichmondVA
Virginia TechPublicBlacksburgVA
Washington State UniversityPublicPullmanWA
Washington University in St. LouisPrivate (Non-profit)Saint LouisMO
Wayne State UniversityPublicDetroitMI
West Virginia UniversityPublicMorgantownWV
Yale UniversityPrivate (Non-profit)New HavenCT

Map of institutions

UAB
AU
UA
ARK
ASU
ARIZ
UCD
CAL
STAN
UCSC
UCSB
UCLA
USC
UCI
CATEC
UCR
UCSD
Montana State
CSU
CU Boulder
CU Denver
CONN
YALE
GW
GTWN
UD
FIU
FSU
UF
UCF
USF
MIAMI
EMORY
UGA
GSU
GT
IOWA
ISU
NU
CHI
UIC
ILL
IND
PUR
ND
KU
KSU
UK
LOU
LSU
TULN
UMASS
BC
BRDIS/BU
NE/MIT
HARV/TUFTS
JHU
MD
WAYNE
MICH
MSU
MINN
MIZ
WUSTL
MISS
USM
MSU
UNC
NCSU
DUKE
NEB
UNR
UNLV
RUTG
PRIN
UNM
BUFF
BING
ALBY
STON
SYR
COR
UR
NYU
CLMB
GCUNY
OSU
CIN
CWRU
OU
OSU
ORE
ORST
PENN
CMU
PSU
PITT
TEM
BRWN
SCAR
CLEM
TENN
VAN
RICE
TEX
TA&M
UNT
TTU
HOU
UTA
UTD
UTEP
UTAH
UVA
VT
VCU
GMU
WASH
WSU
WIS
UWM
WVU
A map of all tier one research universities in the United States. The University of Hawaii at Manoa is the only [public] institution that is not pictured. Blue dots represent public institutions whereas red dots represent private institutions.

References

  1. University of Washington. "Carnegie Research I Universities". Retrieved 2009-03-18.
  2. David Weerts, State Governments and Research Universities: A Framework for a Renewed Partnership. New York: Routledge, 2002, p. 26.
  3. Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. "Carnegie Classifications FAQs". Archived from the original on 2013-04-14. Retrieved 2012-02-09.
  4. Educause. "Appendix E: Carnegie Classification (2000) Definitions" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-27. Retrieved 2009-03-18.
  5. "Basic Classification Description". Center for Postsecondary Research. 2019. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  6. "Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity". Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  7. "Basic Classification Methodology". Carnegie Classifications. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
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