Republican Proposal

Republican Proposal (Spanish: Propuesta Republicana, PRO) is a center-right political party in Argentina. It is usually referred to by its abbreviation, PRO. PRO was formed as an electoral alliance in 2005, but was transformed into a unitary party on 3 June 2010. It is the major component of the Cambiemos coalition, and its founder and leader, Mauricio Macri, is the former President of Argentina.

Republican Proposal

Propuesta Republicana
AbbreviationPRO
PresidentHumberto Schiavoni
Vice PresidentLaura Rodríguez Machado
Secretary GeneralFrancisco Quintana.
LeaderMauricio Macri.
Founded23 October 2005 (2005-10-23) (alliance)
3 June 2010 (2010-06-03) (party)
Merger ofCommitment to Change, Recreate for Growth, Union for Freedom
HeadquartersBuenos Aires
Youth wingYouth PRO
Membership (2012)107,557
IdeologyConservatism[1][2]
Liberalism[3]
Developmentalism
Political positionCenter-right[4]
National affiliationCambiemos
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union
Regional affiliationUnion of Latin American Parties
Colors     Yellow
Seats in the Chamber
55 / 257
Seats in the Senate
9 / 72
Province Governors
2 / 24
(PRO governs the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, which is not a Province)
Website
www.pro.com.ar

History

PRO began as an alliance between Commitment to Change, the party of Mauricio Macri based in Buenos Aires, and Recreate for Growth (Recrear) of Ricardo López Murphy. It was created ahead of the legislative elections of 23 October 2005.

At the 2005 elections the alliance won nine of the 127 deputies up for election.

Other provincial center-right parties joined under the Recrear banner within PRO. Macri and López Murphy had been in discussions with Governor Jorge Sobisch, leader of the Neuquino People's Movement, another leading center-right politician, although these discussions broke down. Macri is the President of the alliance.

In the June 2007 elections in the city of Buenos Aires, PRO decisively won the election, with Macri becoming Head of Government and the alliance taking 15 of the 30 seats in the city legislature. In addition to Commitment to Change and Recreate for Growth, the alliance included the Democratic Progressive Party, the Democratic Party, the Federal Party, the Movement for Integration and Development (MID), the Popular Union, the White Party and the Front of Independent Youth.

In the October 2007 Presidential and legislative elections, PRO did not officially back a candidate but gave tacit support to the bid of López Murphy, who stood as the Recrear candidate. Sobisch also stood. López Murphy did poorly, gaining just 1.45% of the vote. PRO and its allies stood in the congressional elections and made a net gain of 2 seats in the Chamber of Deputies winning 6 seats overall. However, its 13% share of the vote in October 2007 in the city of Buenos Aires contrasted with its 44% share just a few months prior in the city elections.

In August 2009, Recreate for Growth gave up its formal independence and was completely absorbed by Republican Proposal. On 3 June 2010, the alliance became recognized as a national political party.[5]

In the legislative elections of June 28, 2009, the PRO was presented with its own list with Gabriela Michetti in the City of Buenos Aires and in alliance with the Federal Peronism in the province of Buenos Aires. Union PRO won 19.21% of the votes and third place nationally.

In July 2011, PRO obtained a 46.1% vote in the City of Buenos Aires. In the second round on July 31, he reached the victory and re-election of Macri as Head of Government with 64.3% of the votes.

That same year, Jorge Macri was elected first mayor of the conurbano through PRO in the October elections with 38.4% in Vicente López.

In the province of Santa Fe, Union Federal PRO, headed by Miguel del Sel obtained 35.2% of the votes, but Bonfatti obtained the governorship with 38.7%.

In the 2013 elections, he obtained legislative seats in the Province of Córdoba, Entre Rios, La Pampa, Salta, San Juan, Santa Fe and the City of Buenos Aires. In the province of Buenos Aires he did not take his own candidate. In total, the PRO obtained 3 senators and 18 deputies with 7.7% of the votes in the whole country.

In June 2015, the Republican Proposal (PRO), Radical Civic Union and the ARI Civic Coalition formed Cambiemos, a political coalition of the great Argentine tent that proposes a change before the twelve years of government center left kirchnerista.

Subsequently joined the FE Party of Gerónimo Venegas, Union for Freedom of Patricia Bullrich, the Popular Conservative Party and the Progressive Democratic Party.

These three parties nominated Mauricio Macri, [}Ernesto Sanz]] and Elisa Carrió as their representatives in the August 2015 primary elections, which were held to choose which candidate would run for the 2015 presidential election on October 25. On August 9, 2015, Mauricio Macri was elected with 80.75% of the votes as the candidate who would represent Cambiemos in the presidential election.

On October 25, he won second place with 34.15% and managed to enter the ballotage. On November 22, he was elected President of Argentina with 51.34% of the votes after winning in the second round the Kirchnerist Daniel Scioli.

Horacio Rodríguez Larreta (PRO) was elected Head of Government of the City of Buenos Aires under another district coalition: Unión-Pro.

Alfredo Cornejo (UCR) and Gerardo Morales (UCR) became governors of the provinces of Mendoza and Jujuy, respectively.

María Eugenia Vidal (PRO) defeated Aníbal Fernández and became governor of the province of Buenos Aires, putting an end to 28 years of Peronist control.

In the Province of Buenos Aires, PRO won the provincial government and victories in several municipalities of Greater Buenos Aires, such as Lanús (Néstor Grindetti), Tres de Febrero (Diego Valenzuela), Pilar (Nicolás Ducoté), Morón (Ramiro Tagliaferro), Quilmes (Martiniano Molina) and La Plata (Julio Garro), Olavarría (Ezequiel Galli), Bahía Blanca (Héctor Gay), Campana (Sebastián Abella), Junín (Pablo Petreca), July 9 (Mariano Barroso) and Pinamar (Martín Yeza), much territories where Peronism was always the first political force.

Republican Proposal joined the International Democrat Union on 17 January 2017.[6]

In the legislative elections of 2017, Esteban Bullrich, Member of the Republican Proponent, obtained the first place and Cambiemos defeated the City Unit of the former Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner.

Political position

Economic position

PRO is a center-right party by Argentine standards. It supports lower taxes, deregulation, free trade,[7] and Macri has expressed opposition to the nationalization of the country's airline and oil companies.

During Macri's presidency, he liberalized foreign exchange and imports controls, cut personal income taxes and slashed utilities subsidies.

LGBT rights

Even though the majority of national deputies of PRO voted against same-sex marriage[8] (including Gabriela Michetti and Silvia Majdalani, who actively campaigned against it),[9] Mauricio Macri has supported LGBT rights to the point of confronting with some of his allies.[10]

PRO Presidents

Name Portrait Vice President Presidency

start date

Presidency

end date

Mauricio Macri Gabriela Michetti 10 December 2015 Incumbent

(Term ends 9 December 2019)

Electoral history

Presidential elections

Election year Candidate(s) First Round Second Round Result Note
# votes % vote # votes % vote
2007 Ricardo López Murphy 273,015 1.43 N Defeated as Recreate for Growth
2015 Mauricio Macri 8,601,063 34.15% 12,997,938 51.34% Y Victory as Cambiemos

Congressional elections

Chamber of Deputies

Election year votes % seats won Total seats Position Presidency Note
2005 1,046,020 6.2 9
9 / 257
Minority Néstor Kirchner (FPV—PJ) In opposition
2007 141,660 0
9 / 257
Minority Néstor Kirchner (FPV—PJ) In opposition
2009 3,391,391 17.7 20
20 / 257
Minority Cristina Kirchner (FPV—PJ) In opposition
2011 471,851 2.3 3
11 / 257
Minority Cristina Kirchner (FPV—PJ) In opposition
2013 2,033,459 9.0 18
20 / 257
Minority Cristina Kirchner (FPV—PJ) In opposition
2015 8,601,063 34.15 21
41 / 257
Minority Mauricio Macri (PRO) In government

Senate elections

Election year votes % seats won Total seats Position Presidency Note
2005 492,892 6.2 0
0 / 72
Minority Néstor Kirchner (FPV—PJ)
2007 20,077 0
0 / 72
Minority Néstor Kirchner (FPV—PJ)
2009 121,100 0
0 / 72
Minority Cristina Kirchner (FPV—PJ)
2011 55,023 0.5 0
0 / 72
Minority Cristina Kirchner (FPV—PJ)
2013 779,404 15.16 3
3 / 72
Minority Cristina Kirchner (FPV—PJ)

References

  1. Sergio Morresi, , Paper presented at XXIInd. World Congress of Political Science, Research Committee 23: Elections, Citizens and Parties, Madrid, 8 to 12 July 2012
  2. Sergio D. Morresi & Gabriel Vommaro, The Difficulties of the Partisan Right in Argentina: The Case of the PRO Party, Draft, March 2013
  3. Fernando Amato y Sol Peralta. Gabriela: Historia íntima de la mujer detrás de la política. p. 217. De esa combinación de liberalismo tradicional, pensamiento empresario y farándula, nació Propuesta Republicana, el PRO.
  4. Flores-Macías, Gustavo A. (2012), After Neoliberalism?: The Left and Economic Reforms in Latin America, Oxford University Press, p. 70
  5. Fabián Bosoer (23 November 2015). "Macri y el PRO en el poder: una suma de novedades históricas" [Macri and the PRO in power: a sum of historical novelties] (in Spanish). Clarín. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  6. "Meet PRO, Argentina – the IDU's newest member". International Democrat Union. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  7. "Argentina, Mexico embrace free trade". Argentina Investment and Trade Promotion Agency. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  8. http://www.perfil.com/politica/Matrimonio-gay-como-voto-cada-Diputado-20100505-0021.html
  9. http://blogs.tn.com.ar/todxs/2013/08/08/paso2013/
  10. http://www.argentinosalerta.org/noticia/2847-mauricio-macri-un-firme-aliado-del-homosexualismo-pol%C3%ADtico
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