Remscheid

Remscheid (German pronunciation: [ˈʁɛmʃaɪt] (listen)) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is, after Wuppertal and Solingen, the third largest municipality in Bergisches Land, being located on the northern edge of the region, on the south side of the Ruhr area.

Remscheid
German Röntgen Museum

Coat of arms
Location of Remscheid
Remscheid
Remscheid
Coordinates: 51°11′0″N 07°12′0″E
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionDüsseldorf
DistrictUrban districts of Germany
Government
  Lord MayorBeate Wilding (SPD)
Area
  Total74.6 km2 (28.8 sq mi)
Elevation
365 m (1,198 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
  Total110,994
  Density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
42801-42899
Dialling codes02191
Vehicle registrationRS
Websitewww.remscheid.de

Remscheid had around 109,000 inhabitants in 2015.

Its highest point is the Brodtberg (378 m).

History

Remscheid was founded in the 12th century, but remained a small village until the 19th century. Early spellings for the city included Remissgeid (1217), Rymscheyd (1351), Reymscheyd (1487) and Rembscheid (1639). The economic growth of the entire Rhine-Ruhr region led to an increase of the population of Remscheid. Mechanical engineering and toolmaking were the main industries practised within the town. This is carried on today with the Hazet tool company which has two factories in Remscheid. Remscheid was part of the Prussian Rhine Province from 1822–1945.

On 31 July 1943, during the second World War, Remscheid was almost completely destroyed during a British bombing raid which caused a firestorm. This bombing raid was the final operation of RAF's Battle of the Ruhr involving 273 aircraft. During 14 and 15 April 1945, Remscheid was captured by the 78th Infantry Division (United States).[2][3]

An A-10 Thunderbolt II crashed in the city on 8 December 1988. Six people died.

Today, Remscheid comprises four boroughs, Alt-Remscheid, Remscheid-Süd, Lennep, and Lüttringhausen.

Rank Nationality Population (31.12.2018)[4]
1 Turkey5,714
2 Italy3,172
3 Syria1,142
4 Poland1,099
5 Bulgaria907
6 Spain876
7 North Macedonia711
8 Croatia618
9 Serbia519
10 Portugal454

Main sights

  • The Müngstener Brücke is a railway bridge crossing a valley and connecting Remscheid with the neighbouring town of Solingen. It is 107 m above the ground, making it the highest railway bridge in Germany. It was constructed in 1897 and originally named the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Brücke after Wilhelm I (whose 100th birthday would have been in 1897).
  • The Eschbachtalsperre, the first dam built in Germany for the supply of drinking water is located here. It was built in 1891.
  • The old city of the borough Lennep consists of 116 houses from 1756.

Notable people

Twin towns - sister cities

Remscheid is twinned with:[5]

References

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