Reichsjugendführer ("National Youth Leader") was the highest paramilitary rank of the Hitler Youth. In 1931, Hitler appointed Baldur von Schirach as the first Reich Youth Leader. In 1933, all youth organizations were brought under Schirach's control. Artur Axmann succeeded Schirach as national leader of the Hitler Youth on 8 August 1940.
|National Youth Leader
Reichsjugendführer gorget patch
Standard for the Reichsjugendführer
|Appointer||Führer of the NSDAP|
|First holder||Baldur von Schirach|
|Final holder||Artur Axmann|
|No.||Reichsjugendführer||Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|1||Baldur von Schirach|
|30 October 1931||1 May 1940||8 years, 184 days|
|8 August 1940||8 May 1945||5 years, 7 days|
With the surrender of Nazi Germany, the Hitler Youth was disbanded by Allied authorities as part of the denazification process. Both Schirach and Axmann were condemned as war criminals by the leading Allies powers after the end of the Second World War in Europe, in particular for the role the two played in corrupting the minds of children. Schirach was sentenced to 20 years in prison. Axmann only received a 39-month prison sentence in May 1949. Later, in 1958, a West Berlin court fined Axman 35,000 marks (approximately £3,000, or $8,300 USD), about half the value of his property in Berlin. The court found him guilty of indoctrinating German youth with National Socialism until the end of the war.
- Hamilton, Charles (1984). Leaders & Personalities of the Third Reich, Vol. 1. San Jose, CA: R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 0-912138-27-0.
- Kater, Michael H. (2004). Hitler Youth. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-01496-0.
- McNab, Chris (2009). The Third Reich. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-51-8.
- Rempel, Gerhard (1989). Hitler's Children: The Hitler Youth and the SS. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 978-0-8078-4299-7.
- Zentner, Christian; Bedürftig, Friedemann (1991). The Encyclopedia of the Third Reich. (2 vols.) New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-897500-6.