Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda

The Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda (German: Reichsministerium für Volksaufklärung und Propaganda, RMVP or Propagandaministerium) was a Nazi government agency to enforce Nazi ideology.[1]

Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda
Reichsministerium für Volksaufklärung und Propaganda  (German)

Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels
Ministry overview
Formed14 March 1933 (1933-03-14)
Dissolved1 May 1945 (1945-05-01)
JurisdictionNazi Germany
HeadquartersOrdenspalais
Wilhelmplatz 8/9, Berlin-Mitte
52°30′45″N 13°23′1″E
Employees2,000 (1939)
Annual budget14 million ℛℳ (1933) (€55 million in 2009)
187 million ℛℳ (1941) (€680 million in 2009)
Ministers responsible
Child agencies

Origin

Founded on 14 March 1933, a few months after the Nazi seizure of power by Adolf Hitler's government, it was headed by Reich Minister Joseph Goebbels.[1] The role of the new ministry, which set up its offices in the 18th-century Ordenspalais across from the Reich Chancellery, was to centralise Nazi control of all aspects of German cultural and intellectual life.[2] An unstated goal was to present to other nations the impression that the Nazi Party had the full and enthusiastic backing of the entire population.[3] Censorship in Germany was vital to the Nazi's retention of political control. It was responsible for controlling the German news media, literature, visual arts, filmmaking, theatre, music, and broadcasting.

Propaganda

As the central office of Nazi propaganda, it comprehensively supervised and regulated the culture and mass media of Nazi Germany.[4] A major focus of the propaganda was Hitler himself, who was glorified as a heroic and infallible leader and became the focus of a cult of personality.[5] Much of this was spontaneous, but some was stage-managed as part of Goebbels' propaganda work.[6] An example of the latter would be the 1934 Nuremberg Rally. Hitler was the focus and his moves were carefully choreographed. The rally was the subject of the film Triumph of the Will, one of several Nazi propaganda films directed by Leni Riefenstahl. It won the Gold Medal at the 1935 Venice Film Festival.[7] Goebbels and his ministry were involved in both the rally and the film production.

Organization

The ministry was organized into seven departments.[4]

  1. Division I: Administration and legal
  2. Division II: Mass rallies; public health; youth; race
  3. Division III: Broadcasting
  4. Division IV: National and foreign press
  5. Division V: Films and film censorship
  6. Division VI: Art, music, and theatre
  7. Division VII: Protection against counter-propaganda, both foreign and domestic

List of Ministers

No. Reich Minister of PropagandaTook officeLeft officeTime in officePartyCabinet
1
Goebbels, JosephJoseph Goebbels
(1897–1945)
14 March 193330 April 194512 years, 47 daysNSDAPHitler
2
Naumann, WernerWerner Naumann
(1909–1982)
30 April 19452 May 19452 daysNSDAPGoebbels

See also

Citations

  1. Manvell & Fraenkel 2010, p. 121.
  2. Longerich 2015, pp. 212–213.
  3. Evans 2005, p. 121.
  4. Manvell & Fraenkel 2010, pp. 140–141.
  5. Kershaw 2008, pp. 292–293.
  6. Evans 2005, pp. 122–123.
  7. Evans 2005, pp. 123–127.

Sources

  • Evans, Richard J. (2005). The Third Reich in Power. New York: Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-303790-3.
  • Kershaw, Ian (2008). Hitler: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-06757-6.
  • Longerich, Peter (2015). Goebbels: A Biography. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-1400067510.
  • Manvell, Roger; Fraenkel, Heinrich (2010) [1960]. Doctor Goebbels: his Life and Death. New York: Skyhorse. ISBN 978-1-61608-029-7.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.