Regions of Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan is divided into five regions or welayatlar (singular welayat) and one capital city district (şäher).

Capital city district and Regions of Turkmenistan
Also known as:
CategoryUnitary state
Number5 Regions
1 Capital city district
Populations(Regions only): 479,500 (Balkan) - 1,287,700 (Mary)
Areas(Regions only): 139,000 km2 (53,800 sq mi) (Balkan) – 97,300 km2 (37,550 sq mi) (Ahal)
GovernmentRegion government, Government of Turkmenistan
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Turkmenistan is divided into 5 provinces – Ahal, Balkan, Dashoguz, Lebap and Mary. Each province is divided into districts. There are 50 districts, 24 towns, including 15 towns district-wide, 76 villages and 553 rural councils (rural municipal units) and 1903 rural settlements in Turkmenistan.[1]

The capital city of Turkmenistan is Ashgabat, which is an administrative and territorial unit with province-wide powers (velayat). Ashgabat consists of 6 districts (etraplar): Bagtyyarlyk district, Berkararlyk district, Kopetdag district, Archabil district, Abadan district and Rukhabat district.[1]

DivisionISO 3166-2Capital cityArea[2]Pop (2001)[3]Key
Ashgabat TM-SAshgabat260 km2 (100 sq mi)730,000
Ahal Region TM-AAnau97,260 km2 (37,550 sq mi)785,8001
Balkan Region TM-BBalkanabat 139,300 km2 (53,800 sq mi)479,5002
Daşoguz Region TM-DDaşoguz73,400 km2 (28,300 sq mi)1,196,7003
Lebap Region TM-LTürkmenabat93,700 km2 (36,200 sq mi)1,160,3004
Mary Region TM-MMary87,200 km2 (33,700 sq mi)1,287,7005

The heads of the regions (Turkmen: hyakim, "the leader") are appointed by the President of Turkmenistan (Constitution of Turkmenistan, Articles 80-81).

See also


  1. "Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan". Retrieved 2017-04-23.
  2. Passport of Turkmenistan 1998, National Institute of Statistics and Forecasting of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 1998 (in Russian).
  3. Social-economic situation of Turkmenistan in 2001, National Institute of State Statistics and Information of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 2002, pp. 68-69 (in Russian).
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