The Regionalliga West is a German semi-professional football division administered by the Western German Football Association based in Duisburg. It is one of the five German regional football associations. Being the single flight of the Western German state association, the Regionalliga is currently a level 4 division of the German football league system. It is one of five leagues at this level, together with the Regionalliga Bayern, Regionalliga Nordost, Regionalliga Nord and the Regionalliga Südwest.
|Confederation||Western German Football Association|
|Number of teams||18|
|Level on pyramid||Level 4|
|Promotion to||3. Liga|
|Relegation to||Oberliga Niederrhein|
|Current champions||Viktoria Köln |
The league came into existence in August 2008 and was formed from the five Regionalliga clubs in its region which did not achieve admittance to the new 3rd Liga and thirteen Oberliga clubs. The number of clubs in the new league was set at eighteen. Along with the formation of this league there was a merger of the Oberligas below it, with Nordrhein and Westfalen forming the new NRW-Liga, while the Oberliga Südwest remained independent.
With the inception of the new Regionalliga West in 2008, there were now three Regionalligas which form the fourth tier of the German football league system, these were:
The league covered the same region, as the now defunct Regionalliga West/Südwest did from 1994 to 2000. It also shares its name with the "old" Regionalliga West, which operated from 1963 to 1974, but this league only covered the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
In 2008–09, with BV Cloppenburg, it included a club from Lower Saxony, while in 2009–10, with Waldhof Mannheim, a club from Baden-Württemberg played in the league. This moving-around of clubs was done to balance out the three Regionalligas in numbers. In 2010–11, in turn, Wormatia Worms, a club nominally belonging to the West, played in the South.
In its first season, the league was won by the reserve team of Borussia Dortmund, which finished three points ahead of the reserve side of the 1. FC Kaiserslautern. The best non-reserve side in the league was the Preußen Münster, finishing fourth, 15 points clear of the champion. At the bottom of the table, 1. FC Kleve and BV Cloppenburg suffered relegation, while 16th placed Wormatia Worms was spared because FSV Oggersheim, in 12th place, did not apply for a licence for the next season. The league had an average number of 1,372 spectators by game, with Rot-Weiss Essen with 7,077 per game by far the best supported club in the league. Second in this ranking was Preußen Münster with 3,649 spectators per game while the reserve side of Bayer Leverkusen came last in this ranking, attracting only 247 spectators per home game.
The reserve team of Fortuna Düsseldorf, 1. FC Saarbrücken and Bonner SC were promoted to the league for the following season, while Waldhof Mannheim crossed over from the southern division to the west.
The second edition of the competition was won by the 1. FC Saarbrücken, a club freshly promoted from the Oberliga who had played in the Bundesliga in the past but fallen down the ranks in the league system. 1. FCS beat Sportfreunde Lotte by eight points to the top spot. At the bottom end, Eintracht Trier and Wormatia Worms, two clubs from Rhineland-Palatinate, were in 17th and 18th spot with a clear gap to a non-relegation rank, while 16th placed Borussia Mönchengladbach reserves was on equal points with no less than four other clubs. All three however were spared from relegation.
At the end of the 2009–10 season, Rot-Weiss Essen, Waldhof Mannheim and Bonner SC were all refused a Regionalliga licence and relegated. This meant, the three last-placed teams in the league that season were after all reprieved and not relegated. For Rot-Weiss Essen this was especially bitter, having been the best-supported club in the league for the second year running, with 5,955 spectators per home game. The gap to the second best supported team however, the 1. FC Saarbrücken, was not as wide as in the previous year, Saarbrücken attracting 4,796 spectators a game. Bayer Leverkusen II was once more the least-best supported team but managed to raise its average to 401 spectators by game. Overall, support for the league in its second yearwent up.
The teams promoted from the Oberliga at the end of the season were FC 08 Homburg, SC Wiedenbrück and the reserves of Arminia Bielefeld. The reserves of Borussia Dortmund, 2009 champions, and the Wuppertaler SV were relegated from the 3rd Liga to the Regionalliga. Wormatia Worms had left the league for the southern division to avoid an uneven number of teams between the three Regionalligas after two of the three 3rd Liga relegates had been from the west.
The 2010–11 season saw the league feature thirteen clubs from North Rhine-Westphalia, of which eight are from Westphalia. Of the other five, two were from the Saarland while the remaining three were from Rhineland-Palatinate. Unlike the previous two seasons, no club from outside those three states competes in the league this year.
In October 2010, another reform of the Regionalligas was decided upon. The number of leagues was now expanded to five, with the Regionalliga West losing clubs from the Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate. The new system came into operation with the start of the 2012–13 season. It was also decided to limit the number of reserve teams per Regionalliga to seven. The later however is planned to be achieved through the shifting of clubs between leagues rather than restricting the overall number of reserve teams.
As four teams were relegated from the 3rd Liga starting at the end of the 2018–19 season, the Regionalliga West champions, along with their counterparts from the Nordost and Südwest, were promoted directly to the 3rd Liga. The West was chosen by a draw. The remaining two champions also determined by the same draw, from the Regionalliga Nord and Bayern, played a two-legged promotion play-off for the last promotion spot. In 2020, the three direct promotion spots will go to the Südwest champions and the champions of the two leagues that participated in the promotion play-off in the previous season, while the Nordost and West champions participate in the play-off. This format was initially installed as a temporary solution until the DFB-Bundestag in September 2019 decided on a format that could have enabled all Regionalliga champions to be promoted. On that date, the Bundestag delegates voted to grant the Südwest and West champions two direct promotions indefinitely starting in 2021. A third direct promotion place will be assigned according to a rotation principle among the Regionalliga Nord, Nordost and Bavarian champions. The representatives from the remaining two Regionalligen will determine the fourth promoted club in two-legged playoffs.
Foundation clubs of the Regionalliga West
The Regionalliga West was formed in 2008 with 18 clubs, five from the two Regionalligas (III), four each from the Oberligas Südwest, Nordrhein and Westfalen (IV) and one from the Oberliga Nord (IV).
The founding members were:
From the Oberliga Nordrhein:
Winners and runners-up of the Regionalliga West
The winners and runners-up of the league are:
|2008–09||Borussia Dortmund II||1. FC Kaiserslautern II|
|2009–10||1. FC Saarbrücken||Sportfreunde Lotte|
|2010–11||Preußen Münster||Eintracht Trier|
|2011–12||Borussia Dortmund II||Sportfreunde Lotte|
|2012–13||Sportfreunde Lotte||Fortuna Köln|
|2013–14||Fortuna Köln||Sportfreunde Lotte|
|2014–15||Borussia Mönchengladbach II||Alemannia Aachen|
|2015–16||Sportfreunde Lotte||Borussia Mönchengladbach II|
|2016–17||Viktoria Köln||Borussia Dortmund II|
|2017–18||KFC Uerdingen 05||Viktoria Köln|
|2018–19||Viktoria Köln||Rot-Weiß Oberhausen|
- Promoted teams in bold.
The top goal scorers and spectator statistics for the league are:
|Per game||Best supported Club||Spectators
|Top goal scorer||Goals|
|2008–09||419,871||1,372||Rot-Weiss Essen||7,077||Sascha Mölders (RWE)||28|
|2009–10||510,663||1,669||Rot-Weiss Essen||5,955||Ercan Aydogmus (BSC)
Christian Knappmann (SCV)
|2010–11||305,890||1,000||Preußen Münster||5,640||Robert Mainka (SCW)||18|
|2011–12||381,689||1,116||Rot-Weiss Essen||6,814||Christian Knappmann (WSV)||30|
|2012–13||455,207||1,198||Rot-Weiss Essen||8,008||Sven Michel (SFS, BMG)||20|
|2013–14||561,169||1,641||Rot-Weiss Essen||7,864||Aziz Bouhaddouz (BLII)||24|
|2014–15||587,606||1,920||Alemannia Aachen||10,724||Jesse Weißenfels (LOT)||20|
|2015–16||521,017||1,523||Alemannia Aachen||7,951||Marlon Ritter (BMG)||23|
|2016–17||555,671||1,816||Rot-Weiss Essen||7,865||Mike Wunderlich (VIK)||29|
|2017–18||502,319||1,642||Rot-Weiss Essen||6,833||Marius Bülter (SVR)
Christopher Kramer (WSV)
|2018–19||474,402||1,550||Rot-Weiss Essen||7,259||Simon Engelmann (SVR)||19|
Current extent of league
Final league positions for clubs from the region currently covered by the league:
|KFC Uerdingen 05||17||15||1||3L||3L|
|Borussia Dortmund II||1||3L||6||1||3L||3L||3L||4||2||4||5||x|
|Borussia Mönchengladbach II||6||16a||5||3||7||7||1||2||3||12||4||x|
|1. FC Köln II||3||4||7||6||16c||12||10||15||6||14||9||x|
|Fortuna Düsseldorf II||11||16||19||12||10||9||6||12||15||12||x|
|SV Lippstadt 08||18||13||x|
|1. FC Kaan-Marienborn||15|
|Schalke 04 II||15||12||11||11||3||6||11||10||16||x|
|VfL Bochum II||14||3||14||14||14||14||16e|
|FC Hennef 05||18|
|Bayer Leverkusen II||9||13||15||18||11||8d|
|SV Bergisch Gladbach 09||18||x|
|MSV Duisburg II||19|
|Arminia Bielefeld II||18|
|1. FC Kleve||18|
Former extent of league
Final league positions for clubs from the regions formerly covered by the league:
|Mainz 05 II||5||15||13||12||RL||RL||3L||3L||3L||RL||RL||RL|
|1. FC Saarbrücken||1||3L||3L||3L||3L||RL||RL||RL||RL||RL||RL|
|FC 08 Homburg||17||RL||RL||RL||RL||RL||RL||RL|
|1. FC Kaiserslautern II||2||8||4||9||RL||RL||RL||RL||RL|
|Blank||Played at a league level below this league|
|RL||Played in one of the other Regionalligas|
- a At the end of the 2009–10 season, Rot-Weiss Essen, Waldhof Mannheim and Bonner SC were refused a Regionalliga licence and relegated. The three last-placed teams were therefore not relegated. Wormatia Worms was transfererred into the southern group for 2010–11.
- b At the end of the 2008–09 season, FSV Oggersheim did not apply for a Regionalliga licence and was relegated. Wormatia Worms therefore remained in the league.
- c Wuppertaler SV declared insolvency after the end of the 2012–13 season and was relegated, 1. FC Köln II inherited the club's league place.
- d Bayer Leverkusen II withdrawn from competition at the end of the 2013–14 season.
- e VfL Bochum II withdrawn from competition at the end of the 2014–15 season.
- f FC Wegberg-Beeck withdrawn from competition at the end of the 2015–16 season.
- g Sportfreunde Siegen withdrawn from competition at the end of the 2016–17 season.
- Der SVW spielt im Westen (The SVW plays in the west) (in German) kicker, published: , accessed: 5 July 2009
- Regionalliga West 2008–09 (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 30 October 2010
- Zuschauertabele (Spectator figures) Regionalliga West 2008–09 (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 30 October 2010
- Torschützenliste (Goal scorers) Regionalliga West 2008–09 (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 30 October 2010
- Regionalliga West 2009–10 (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 30 October 2010
- Torschützenliste (Goal scorers) Regionalliga West 2009–10 (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 30 October 2010
- Zuschauertabele (Spectator figures) Regionalliga West 2009–10 (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 30 October 2010
- Regionalliga West 2010–11 (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 30 October 2010
- DFB-Bundestag beschließt Reform der Spielklassen (Reform of the league system) (in German) DFB website, published: 22 October 2010, accessed: 28 October 2010
- "Lauth lost Aufstiegsspiele zur 3. Liga aus" [Lauth draws promotion matches to the 3. Liga]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 27 April 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
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- "Eigener Ausschuss und neue Aufstiegsregelung zur 3. Liga" [Own committee and new promotion scheme to the 3. Liga]. DFB.de. DFB. 27 September 2019.
- Zuschauertabele (Spectator figures) Regionalliga West 2010–11 (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 16 June 2011
- Torschützenliste (Goal scorers) Regionalliga West 2010–11 (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 16 June 2011
- Zuschauertabele (Spectator figures) Regionalliga West 2011–12 (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 26 May 2012
- Torschützenliste (Goal scorers) Regionalliga West 2011–12 (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 26 May 2012
- Zuschauertabele (Spectator figures) Regionalliga West 2012–13 (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 27 May 2013
- Torschützenliste (Goal scorers) Regionalliga West 2012–13 (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 27 May 2013
- Regionalliga West 2013/2014 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 22 May 2014
- Regionalliga West 2013/2014 » Torschützenliste (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 22 May 2014
- Regionalliga West 2014/2015 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 20 May 2015
- Regionalliga West 2014/2015 » Torschützenliste (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 20 May 2015
- "Regionalliga West 2015/2016 » Zuschauer » Heimspiele" [Regionalliga West 2015–16 spectators home games]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 4 May 2016.
- "Regionalliga West 2015/2016 » Torschützenliste" [Regionalliga West 2015–16 goal scorers]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 4 May 2016.
- "Regionalliga West 2016/2017 » Zuschauer » Heimspiele" [Regionalliga West 2016–17 spectators home games]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- "Regionalliga West 2016/2017 » Torschützenliste" [Regionalliga West 2016–17 goal scorers]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- "Regionalliga West 2017/2018 » Zuschauer » Heimspiele" [Regionalliga West 2017–18 spectators home games]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 22 May 2018.
- "Regionalliga West 2017/2018 » Torschützenliste" [Regionalliga West 2017–18 goal scorers]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 22 May 2018.
- "Regionalliga West 2018/2019 » Zuschauer » Heimspiele" [Regionalliga West 2018–19 spectators home games]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- "Regionalliga West 2018/2019 » Torschützenliste" [Regionalliga West 2018–19 goal scorers]. weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 28 May 2019.
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