Reed trio

A reed trio, also known as a trio d’anches, is a mixed chamber ensemble consisting of three reed instruments: oboe, clarinet and bassoon. Either term can also refer to a musical composition for this ensemble. According to James Gillespie's seminal study of the genre, the reed trio ranks second only to the wind quintet among woodwind chamber ensembles in terms of popularity and quantity of original repertoire.[1] Like the wind quintet, the reed trio employs instruments of different timbres, although the blend of instrumental colors in the reed trio is often more homogenous than in the wind quintet.

History

The origins of the reed trio are more recent than the wind quintet: while the latter arose early in the nineteenth century, the first known composition for reed trio, a work by French composer Ange Flégier, was not written until 1897.[2] The reed trio genre became more firmly established in the late 1920s by bassoonist Fernand Oubradous, oboist Myrtile Morel and clarinetist Pierre Lefèbvre, who together comprised the Trio d’Anches de Paris.[3][4] Much of the original repertoire for the reed trio was written for Oubradous’ ensemble as well as the contemporaneous Trio d’Anches René Daraux. Multiple works were commissioned by Louise Hanson-Dyer, who favored the sound of the reed trio, and published by her company, Éditions de l'Oiseau-Lyre.[5] Many of these French reed trios were written by winners of the Prix de Rome.

Professional reed trios that have produced commercial recordings include the Saarland Radio Wind Trio, Trio Lézard, the Cavell Trio, Trio d’Anches de Cologne, Trio d’Anches Hamburg, Trois Bois, Trio d'Anches de Monte-Carlo and the Zagreb Wind Trio.

List of reed trios by country

Argentina

Belgium

Brazil

Bulgaria

Canada

Croatia

Czech Republic / Slovakia

Denmark

France

Germany

Hungary

Italy

Japan

Luxembourg

Macedonia

Netherlands

Norway

Poland

Romania

Russia

Sweden

Switzerland

United Kingdom

United States

Reed trio with accompanying instruments

Reed trio with orchestra

  • Henri Tomasi, Divertimento Corsica for reed trio, strings and harp (1952)

Reed trio with piano

References

  1. Gillespie, James E. (1971). "The Reed Trio: An Annotated Bibliography of Original Published Works". Detroit Studies in Music. The University of California (20). ISSN 0070-3885.
  2. Fliégier reed trio on IMSLP
  3. Gillespie, James E. (1971). "The Reed Trio: An Annotated Bibliography of Original Published Works". Detroit Studies in Music. The University of California (20). ISSN 0070-3885.
  4. History of the reed trio on Trio Lézard's website
  5. Bretz, Jacqueline Therese (2013). "The Reed Trio: Analysis of Works by Ibert, Françaix and Schreiner with a Representative Repertoire List". Ohio State University. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  6. Clark, Walter Aaron. "Ranieri, Salvador". Oxford Music Online. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  7. Rossel, Jens. "Berg, Gunnar". Oxford Music Online. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  8. Andrieux, Françoise; Briscoe, James R. "Arrieu, Claude". Oxford Music Online. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  9. Fletcher, Kristine Klopfenstein (1988). "VI. Annotated Bibliography of Commissioned Solos for Bassoon, 1898-1984". The Paris Conservatoire and the Contest Solos for Bassoon. Indiana University Press. p. 74. ISBN 0-253-34215-5.
  10. Evans, Gary Windell (December 2006). "CHAPTER 4 THE CHAMBER AND SOLO WORKS FOR CLARINET BY MARCEL MIHALOVICI". Marcel Mihalovici: A Critical Evaluation of His Solo and Chamber Works for Clarinet, A Lecture Recital, Together with Three Recitals of Selected Works by Bozza, Uhl, Martino, Sowerby, Kalliwoda, Bax, and Others (PDF) (Thesis). University of North Texas. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  11. Fletcher, Kristine Klopfenstein (1988). "VI. Annotated Bibliography of Commissioned Solos for Bassoon, 1898-1984". The Paris Conservatoire and the Contest Solos for Bassoon. Indiana University Press. p. 87. ISBN 0-253-34215-5.
  12. Fletcher, Kristine Klopfenstein (1988). "VI. Annotated Bibliography of Commissioned Solos for Bassoon, 1898-1984". The Paris Conservatoire and the Contest Solos for Bassoon. Indiana University Press. p. 86. ISBN 0-253-34215-5.
  13. Herd, Judith. "Shinohara, Makoto". Oxford Music Online. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  14. Cigrang Trio d'Anches at Luxembourg Music Publishers
  15. Weber, Loll. "Krumlovsky, Claus". Oxford Music Online. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  16. Samama, Leo. "Escher, Rudolf". Oxford Music Online. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  17. Cosma, Octavian; Rădulescu, Antigona. "Dinescu, Violeta". Oxford Music Online. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  18. Müller, Patrick. "Zbinden, Julien-François". Oxford Music Online. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  19. Standford Cartoons (composer's website)
  20. Mechem Reed Trio on the composer's website
  21. Pasler, Jann; Rife, Jerry. "Schmitt, Florent". Oxford Music Online. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  22. Standford Suite Humoresque (composer's website)

Further reading

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