Redondo Peak is a conspicuous summit in the Jemez Mountains of New Mexico, in the southwestern United States. It is located entirely within the Valles Caldera National Preserve. It is the second highest summit in the Jemez after Chicoma Mountain. It is the most visually prominent peak in the range when viewed from the south, for example, from Albuquerque. From many other directions it is less prominent or not visible, due to its location in the center of the Valles Caldera, well away from the Caldera's rim.
|Elevation||11,258 ft (3,431 m) NAVD 88|
|Prominence||2,454 ft (748 m)|
|Location||Sandoval County, New Mexico, U.S.|
|Parent range||Jemez Mountains|
|Topo map||USGS Redondo Peak|
|Mountain type||Resurgent dome|
Redondo Peak is an example of the volcanic feature known as a resurgent dome. It was formed some time after the main caldera-forming eruptions of about 1.4 million and 1.1 million years ago, but it is not itself an eruptive feature. The summit of the mountain is composed of tuff ejected by the more recent caldera-forming eruption, rather than of subsequent volcanic ejecta. It is forested all the way to its summit. Controversy concerning logging practices on the mountain contributed pressure to create the Valles Caldera National Preserve, within which logging is restricted.
Redondo Peak is sacred to various Pueblo peoples of New Mexico and, as a result, hiking and other recreational activities on the mountain are sharply restricted as of 2008. The summit area is occupied by a shrine that was studied and excavated by anthropologist William Boone Douglass in the early 20th century and remained in use well into the 20th century. The shrine and its immediate surroundings are closed to visitors.
- "11252 Redondo". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
- "Redondo Peak, New Mexico". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
- Douglass, William Boone (1917), Notes on the Shrines of the Tewa and Other Pueblo Indians of New Mexico, pp 344–378, in Proceedings of the Nineteenth International Congress of Americanists, Frederick W. Hodge, ed., Washington, DC, 1917.
- "Valles Caldera". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
- Heiken, Grant; et al. (1990). "The Valles/Toledo Caldera Complex, Jemez Volcanic Field, New Mexico" (abstract). Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. 18 (1): 27–53. Bibcode:1990AREPS..18...27H. doi:10.1146/annurev.ea.18.050190.000331. Retrieved 2007-05-15.