Raylton Dixon

Sir Raylton Dixon (8 July 1838 – 28 July 1901), was a shipbuilding magnate from Middlesbrough on the River Tees who served as Mayor of Middlesbrough.

Sir Raylton Dixon
Born(1838-07-08)8 July 1838
Died(1901-07-28)28 July 1901
NationalityUnited Kingdom
Known forMayor of Middlesbrough
Awardsknighthood for services to shipbuilding
Scientific career
FieldsShipbuilding Industrialist
Institutions1889
Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh,

Background and early life

Dixon was one of the seven children of Jeremiah II Dixon (1804–1882) and Mary Frank (1803–1877) of Cockfield, County Durham who were married on 21 July 1833 in St. Cuthberts, Darlington. He was the great-grandson of George Dixon of Cockfield Canal fame, and great, great nephew of Jeremiah Dixon. [1]

He was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Oxford, where he studied Mathematics.

Business life

The yard first did business under the name Backhouse & Dixon. Raylton Dixon started the firm of Raylton Dixon & Co. in 1873 with the substantial Dixon family coal mining fortune, and it operated until 1923 when it was dissolved. At the height of its production the three Dixon brothers, Raylton, John, and Waynman, were involved in running the company.[2] During its 50-year life the Cleveland Dockyard built more than 600 vessels, the first ship, the iron steamer SS Torrington,[3] being launched in 1874. The ship was later renamed the SS Kwanon Maru No. 11 and ran aground and was wrecked off Yagoshi Point, Hokkaido on 7 March 1908.[4] Raylton Dixon & Co earned a reputation for the construction of sound, large cargo-liners and during the 1890s had contracts with all the major shipping companies of the time. They also turned out refrigerated ships for the meat industry.

Dixon was a close friend of George Young Blair (1826–1894), whose firm, Blair & Co., built marine triple expansion engines and were fitted in Raylton Dixon ships.[5][6][7][8]

Raylton Dixon ships played an important role in world history. The SS Montrose was built in 1897 as a refrigerated cargo steamer, accommodating 12 first-class passengers. In 1900 she was chartered to make eight voyages to Cape Town, ferrying the Dublin & Denbigh Imperial Yeomanry, with their horses, to the Anglo-Boer War. In 1904 Doctor Crippen and his secretary, Ethel Le Neve, were aboard the ship and acted suspiciously, causing the master to radio Liverpool, resulting in their arrest on the St. Lawrence River. In 1914 she was sold to the admiralty for use as a blockship in Dover harbour, but broke her moorings during a gale and ran aground on the Goodwin Sands, her mast remaining visible until 1963. [9] The general cargo steamer SS Mont-Blanc built at Raylton Dixon in 1899 devastated Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada when she blew up with a cargo of ammunition in the 1917 Halifax Explosion.

Raylton Dixon was knighted in 1890 for his contributions to shipbuilding.[10]

Personal life

Dixon married on 5 August 1863 Elizabeth Walker, daughter of Robert Walker. She was born in 1841 and died in 1915, aged 74. They produced eight children:[11]

  • Mary Alice Elizabeth Raylton Dixon
  • Florence Lilian Raylton Dixon
  • Bessie May Raylton Dixon
  • Ada Beatrice Averil Raylton Dixon
  • Clive Macdonnell Raylton Dixon
  • Mabel Cochrane Dixon, who married in 1902 Otho Cowen Bond.[12]
  • Harald Raylton Dixon
  • Amy Gertrude Inga Raylton Dixon

Raylton Dixon was buried in St Cuthbert's Marton churchyard.[13][14]

References

  1. Pease, Charles E.G. (1 August 2013). "The Descendants of Ralph Dixon" (PDF). The Kinloch Hotel. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  2. "SS Abeona Cargo Ship 1880-1883". Wreck Site. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  3. Robinson, George; Ridgard, Mike; Mapplebeck, Ron; Waller, Dave. "Raylton Dixon & Company, Middlesbrough - Torrington". Shipbuilding on the River Tees. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  4. Allen, Tony (31 October 2013). "Torrington Cargo Ship 1895-1908". Wreck site. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  5. "jakesbarn.com". Archived from the original on 18 August 2011.
  6. "Blair and Co". Grace's Guide. British Industrial Society. 3 June 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  7. Allen, Tony; Lettens, Jan (17 July 2012). "Serapis Cargo Ship 1877-1917". Wreck Site. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  8. Lettens, Jan; Allen, Tony (28 July 2013). "Blair & Co. Ltd. Stockton-on-Tees". Wreck Site.
  9. "fortunecity.com". Archived from the original on 12 December 2010.
  10. "Sir Raylton Dixon and Co". Graces Guide. British Industrial Society. 27 November 2014. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  11. Markes, Martina (2004). "John Dixon Rutherford". Markes Family History - A History of the Markes and related families. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  12. "Marriages". The Times (36842). London. 9 August 1902. p. 1.
  13. "marko.dgmm.net". Archived from the original on 23 July 2011.
  14. "Communigate". Archived from the original on 30 June 2012.


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