Raunds /ˈrɔːndz/ is a small market town in rural Northamptonshire, England. It has a population of 8,641 (2011 census), is a civil parish, and is part of the East Northamptonshire district.
Raunds is situated 21 miles (34 km) north-east of Northampton. The town is on the southern edge of the Nene Valley and surrounded by arable farming land.
Nearest civilian airports are Luton 50 miles and East Midlands 65 miles.
Raunds is close to Stanwick Lakes, a country park developed from gravel pits and managed by the Rockingham Forest Trust. This park is internationally recognised for its birdlife and can be reached on foot from Raunds along Meadow Lane bridleway.
In the mid-1980s, during sand excavations in the Nene Valley, the remains of a Roman villa were discovered. Excavation of the area, near Stanwick, was delayed by several years while archaeologists studied the remains. In 2002 Channel 4's Time Team excavated a garden and found remains of an Anglo-Saxon cemetery.
The place-name Raunds is first attested in an Anglo-Saxon charter of c. 972–992, where it appears as Randan. It appears as Rande in Domesday Book (1086); and as Raundes in a later survey of Northamptonshire. The name is the plural of the Old English rand, meaning "border".
Raunds played a role in the boot and shoe industry until its decline in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1905 a dispute arose about wages to be paid to army bootmakers, which culminated in a march to London in May that year. Several factories remained into the early 1990s but all are now closed, with many being demolished and housing estates built. The Coggins boot factory was the last to go, and the site of it is now Coggins Close. The land on which the shoe factory and the original Coggins houses stood (not Coggins Close), was purchased by Robert Coggins on 25 February 1899 from the Duchy of Lancaster, for the sum of £14.10s.0d (£14.50). The houses are still there, but were sold to Charles Robinson of Wellingborough in 1934. Robert Coggins lived in the hall where his picture hangs in the meeting room, and he is buried in St Peter's Churchyard. There is no industry in the town now, although there are some industrial sites on the outskirts.
Raunds once held the record for the highest temperature in Britain at 36.7 °C (98.1 °F), set on 10 August 1911, which stood until 1990.
The Historic England website contains details of a total of 19 listed buildings and six scheduled monuments at or in the vicinity of Raunds. Amongst them are:
- St Peter's Church, Church Street.
- The Manor House, 2 Manor Street.
St Peter's, CoE is in the Diocese of Peterborough and St Thomas More's, RC is in the Diocese of Northampton.
Raunds is adjacent to the A45 and close to the A14 jct 13. Access to the M1 and A1 is close and the A14 runs from Britain's largest container port at Felixstowe in Suffolk to join the M6. Consequently, the area attracts distribution companies warehouses.
Bus services are limited, the X46 links the town with Wellingborough, Rushden and Northampton, running half-hourly. There are intermittent routes to Huntingdon and a local service termed the 'Raunds Rover'.
Connections are provided by East Midlands Railway from Wellingborough and Kettering railway stations, for direct trains to London St Pancras International, Nottingham, Sheffield and Leeds.
There was once a Raunds railway station, on the Midland Railway's cross-country line from Kettering to Huntingdon, closed in September 1959, and which gave access to St Ives and Cambridge, though Raunds station was sited 1½ miles from the town. It was also planned that the Midland's Wellingborough to Higham Ferrers branch, also closed in 1959, would continue to Raunds, but landowners prevented it.
The Manchester, Sheffield & Lincolnshire Railway (the forerunner of the Great Central), proposed a line from Doncaster to Raunds in an early version of its bid to build a trunk line to the capital. This line never came to fruition, and the company eventually built its London Extension via Nottingham, Leicester, Rugby and Brackley.
Stanwick Lakes are within walking or cycling distance of Raunds, and river ways connect to the Nene Valley river section. By boat, Oundle can be reached in a day. The Nene Valley river section connects to the Middle Level Navigation System, making it possible to reach Cambridge and Peterborough. The nearest marina is Willy Watt's in Ringstead, Northamptonshire.
There are many small businesses and many people commute to larger centres for work. Raunds is home to a Hotpoint distribution centre, and depots for Robert Wiseman Dairies, Avery Dennison, DPD, Howdens Joinery and Dr. Martens, all located on the Warth Park estate. Raunds Co-operative Society ran a supermarket and department store and had 4,000 members until 2007 when it merged with the larger Midlands Co-operative Society. There is also an Asda store in the town, which opened on 24 April 2017. The shops still operate.
A market is held on Fridays in the square. Regular stalls include butchers, plant stockists, home-made jewellery and confectioners. Local organisations and clubs can also set up a stall.
Raunds holds an annual music festival over a weekend in early May. Events include: rock, jazz and folk concerts starring nationally and internationally known artists, performances by Raunds Community Choir and Raunds Temperance Band, song and tune sessions, dancing displays, a ceilidh and an annual youth dance competition.
Raunds Music and Drama Society (MADS) holds several stage performances throughout the year.
The town holds a Christmas festival in the square. Continental markets are held annually to celebrate neighbouring countries.
Woodbine Working Men's Club (1901-2005) and the Conservative Club (1920 to date) have offered community and recreational facilities.
For the past few years, an annual beer festival has been held at the cricket club. This features a range of local beers and ciders, as well as traditional world beverages, accompanied by local music artists.
Sport and leisure
Raunds Town F.C. are at Kiln Park and play in the United Counties League. As well as the first team, they also have reserve, women's and youth teams.
Raunds Tigers F.C. focus on junior football and have several youth teams.
Raunds Town Cricket Club have a ground in Marshalls Road. The team plays in the Northamptonshire Cricket League.
Archers of Raunds meet at Manor School and Sports College.
Mayors of Raunds
In 2005, Raunds Town Council decided to elect a Mayor rather than having a chairman of the council.
Holders of the post have been:
- 2005-06: Cameron Smith
- 2007-08: Robert "Buh" Holmes
- 2008-10: Peter Wathen
- 2010-13: Michael Clements
- 2013-14: Pauline Williams
- 2014-15: Louisa Thomas
- 2015-17: Helen Howell
- 2017-18: Nicholas Beck
- 2018-...: Richard Levell
- Deborah Jones
- Helen Howell
- Dudley Hughes
- Bill Tirebuck
- Robert Tyman
- Lee Wilkes
- Rosalie Beattie
- Nicholas Beck
- Oliver Curtis
- Jamie Duff
- Sylvia Hughes
- Richard Levell
Notable former and current residents
- George Gage, 16th century landowner
- Henry Gage, 16th century landowner
- Ada Salter (1866–1942), an environmentalist
- Sir David Frost, a television personality
Ringstead, Keyston, Stanwick, Rushden, Higham Ferrers, Thrapston, Hargrave, Wellingborough, Irthlingborough, Chelveston
- Rockingham Forest Trust
- Time Team investigation
- Eilert Ekwall,The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p. 381.
- Boot makers march to London
- UK weatherworld
- "Historic England – The List". Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- William Whellan & Co. (1849). History, Gazetteer and Directory for Northamptonshire. Whittaker & Co. p. 879.
- Office for National Statistics, Census
- "DPD depot finder". Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- "Warth Park Phase I, Raunds, Northamptonshire - Roxhill". Roxhill. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
- "ASDA Raunds - Opening on Monday 24th April". UK Local Councils. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
- Raunds Rainbow Nursery School
- Raunds Playgroup
- Park Infants
- Windmill Primary School
- St. Peter's Junior School
- Manor School and Sports College
- Raunds Music Festival Website
- Raunds Music and Drama Society Archived 21 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 January 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Hall, David; Raunds: Picturing the past (F.W. March, 1988) ISBN 0-9509908-3-3