Raphael Kirchner

Raphael Kirchner (1876 – 2 August 1917) was an Austrian artist, principally a portrait painter and illustrator best known for Art Nouveau and early pin-up work, especially in picture postcard format. His work served as an early inspiration to Peruvian painter Alberto Vargas, who had a career in the United States for the film and men's magazine industry.

Raphael Kirchner
Raphael Kirchner
Born5 May 1875
Vienna, Austria
Died2 August 1917
New York, US
ResidenceAustria, Paris (1900-1913); America (1914-1917)
EducationAcademy of Fine Arts Vienna
Known forPainter, illustrator and portraitist
MovementOrientalist; Art Nouveau

Early life

Kirchner was born in 1876 in Vienna, Austria,[1][2] and attended the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna.[1] He moved to Paris in the year 1900, making illustrations for such magazines as La Vie Parisienne.[2]

In 1914, at the outbreak of World War I, Kirchner moved to the United States.[1] He lived in New York City until his death in 1917.[1][2][3]


Raphael Kirchner produced over a thousand published paintings and drawings in his lifetime, mostly in the form of picture postcards. His orientalist "Geisha" series was among his most popular, with over 40,000 cards sold.[1] The series is a notable example of the cross-influence between Art Nouveau in the West and Japanese art of the Meiji and Taishō periods. Kirchner's often mildly erotic paintings of feminine beauty, in convenient postcard and magazine page form, were among the early pin-ups favored by European and American soldiers in World War I.[1] Peruvian painter Alberto Vargas cited Kirchner as an influence, and was noted for his own paintings of beautiful women in a related style. He painted for movie posters and later illustrations in men's magazines.

Kirchner's lasting influence on the pin-up genre was still recognized in the World War II pin-up heyday period. Kirchner also produced a small number of sculptures, some of which were photographed for postcards as well. In New York, he also produced costume designs for musical theatre productions.[2]


  1. Duffy, Michael (22 August 2009). "Who's Who Raphael Kirchner". FirstWorldWar.com. Self-published. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  2. Kerr, Julia (2012). "Raphael Kirchner: Biography and Image Gallery". ArtMagick: Your Source of Visual Intoxication. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  3. Levy, Florence Nightingale (1917). American Art Directory, Volume 14. The American Federation of the Arts. p. 324.

See also

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