Ranuccio Farnese (cardinal)
Ranuccio Farnese was born in Valentano. As a 12-year-old, he was made prior of the Knights of Malta's important property San Giovanni dei Forlani in Venice. Son of Pier Luigi Farnese, the illegitimate son of Pope Paul III, Farnese was created Cardinal at the age of 15 by his grandfather the pope: he was nicknamed the cardinalino ("little cardinal") for his young age.
He was also administrator of the archdiocese of Naples, and was granted several bishoprics; Farnese was twice the titular Latin Patriarch of Constantinople, from 1546-1550 and 1554?-1565. Farnese was patron to Federico Commandino, an important translator of ancient Greek mathematical works.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20041214144605/http://www.exseminarians.com/rome/Churches/johnlateran.htm (retrieved January 23, 2005)
- http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/consistories-xvi.htm (retrieved January 23, 2005)
- https://web.archive.org/web/20050208010329/http://www.nga.gov/collection/gallery/gg23/gg23-41320.0.html (retrieved January 23, 2005)