Ranks of the Imperial Japanese Army
The following tables present the rank insignia of the Imperial Japanese Army before and during World War II. These designs were worn on shoulders as passants (shoulder straps) between the years 1911 and 1938, then on collars afterwards until 1945, when the army was dissolved.
|Imperial Japanese Military|
(Dai Nippon Teikoku Rikugun)
(Dai Nippon Teikoku Kaigun)
The same officer ranks were used for both the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy, the only distinction being the placement of the word Rikugun (army) or Kaigun (navy) before the rank. Thus, for example, a captain in the navy shared the same rank designation as that of a colonel in the army: Taisa (colonel), so the rank of Rikugun Taisa denoted an army colonel, while the rank of Kaigun daisa denoted a naval captain.
|Imperial Japanese Army ranks||English translation||Collar insignia||Command|
|Grand Marshal of the Japanese Empire
|General army (Role:Army group)|
|Area army (Role:Field army)|
Army (Role:Army corps)
Warrant Officer & Enlisted ranks
|All-forces ranks||English translation||Collar insignia||Usual command|
(Jun-i (Associate Officer))
(Heichō (Leading Soldier))
(Gochō Kinmu jōtōhei (Senior Soldier acting as Corporal))
(Jōtōhei (Senior Soldier))
(Ittōhei (Soldier First Class))
|Private 1st Class|
(Nitōhei (Soldier Second Class))
- The purpose is to appoint young general officers at the end of World War II.