Ralph Rainger (October 7, 1901 – October 23, 1942) was an American composer of popular music principally for films.
|Birth name||Ralph Reichenthal|
|Born||October 7, 1901|
|Origin||New York City, U.S.|
|Died||October 23, 1942 41) (aged|
near Palm Springs, California, U.S.
Born Ralph Reichenthal in New York City, Rainger initially embarked on a legal career, having obtained his law degree at Brown University in 1926. He had, however, studied piano from a young age and attended the Institute of Musical Art in New York. Public performances include radio broadcasts from New York and WOR (New Jersey) as early as 1922. These were as soloist, accompanist to singers, and as duo-pianist with Adam Carroll or "Edgar Fairchild" (the name Milton Suskind used for commercial work).
He also prepared piano rolls between 1922 and 1928 for Ampico, Standard, and DeLuxe. Some of these used the "Reichenthal" surname, others the "Rainger" name he was gradually adopting commercially.
Other early musical activities include arranging for bandleader Ray Miller. His own band leading included a 1923 engagement—Ralph Reichenthal Orchestra—at the Asbury Park (NJ) Claredon-Brunswick Hotel.
Rainger's first credit on Broadway, 1926's Queen High, was as duo-pianist in the pit with Fairchild, following the show's break-in in Philadelphia. He later played for 1928's "Angela" and "Cross my Heart" as well.
His first hit "Moanin' Low," with lyrics by Howard Dietz, was written for Clifton Webb's co-star Libby Holman in the 1929 revue The Little Show. Webb, tracing the song's origin, noted that Rainger was Webb's accompanist in vaudeville when Webb was invited to appear in the new show, and that Webb had asked Rainger for a contribution.
With the advent of motion picture sound and the film musical, Rainger and other songwriters found work in Hollywood. He teamed up with lyricist Leo Robin to produce a string of successful film songs, including "I'll Take An Option On You" from the Broadway hit show "Tattle Tales" (1933).
In the years that followed, Rainger wrote or collaborated on such hit songs as "I Wished on the Moon", "Love in Bloom" (comedian Jack Benny's theme song), "Faithful Forever", "Easy Living", "June in January", "Blue Hawaii", and with Leo Robin on the 1938 Oscar-winning song "Thanks for the Memory", sung by Bob Hope in the film The Big Broadcast of 1938.
Songwriting for Hollywood's mass audience had its challenges, as lyricist Leo Robin noted: "“On the stage after all, you can aim at a particular audience. You can please just New York, or just a small portion of New York. In pictures you have to please the whole country, and most of the world besides. The songs must have universal appeal, get down to something that ever human being feels and can understand. That isn’t so hard really, once you get the trick of simplicity.”
Rainger paid one year's tuition fees to the Austrian composer Arnold Schönberg in advance, so that Schönberg could pay for the transportation of his belongings to Los Angeles from Paris in 1933.
Rainger died in a plane crash near Palm Springs, California, in 1942. He was a passenger aboard American Airlines Flight 28, a DC-3 airliner that was involved in a mid-air collision with a U.S. Army Air Corps bomber. Rainger, then age 41, was survived by his wife, Elizabeth ("Betty"), an 8-year-old son, and two daughters, ages 5 and 1. In initial 1942 press coverage of the crash, the collision was not acknowledged; Betty Rainger later sued American Airlines and won a substantial judgement late in 1943.
A U.S. Tax Court ruling related to his estate provides further biographical documentation: his marriage in 1927, move to California in 1930, employment at Paramount and Fox, 1930 application for ASCAP membership (awarded 1931), July 1942 purchase of their Beverly Hills home, and many details of the couple's financial affairs.
- For a complete film score list, see: Songwriters Hall of Fame; Ralph Rainger film scores
- 1930 - Tom Sawyer
- 1930 - The Virtuous Sin
- 1932 - The Big Broadcast
- 1932 - A Farewell to Arms
- 1932 - This Is the Night
- 1933 - A Bedtime Story
- 1933 - From Hell to Heaven
- 1933 - She Done Him Wrong
- 1933 - International House
- 1933 - Three-Cornered Moon
- 1934 - Kiss and Make-Up
- 1934 - Come on Marines
- 1934 - Bolero
- 1934 - All of Me
- 1934 - Little Miss Marker
- 1934 - Search for Beauty
- 1934 - Six of a Kind
- 1935 - The Devil Is a Woman
- 1935 - The Big Broadcast of 1936
- 1935 - Ruggles of Red Gap
- 1936 - The Big Broadcast of 1937
- 1936 - Rhythm on the Range
- 1936 - Rose of the Rancho
- 1936 - Poppy
- 1936 - Palm Springs
- 1936 - Three Cheers for Love
- 1937 - King of Gamblers
- 1937 - The Big Broadcast of 1938, including the Academy Award-winning song "Thanks for the Memory"
- 1937 - Blossoms on Broadway
- 1937 - Hills of Old Wyoming
- 1937 - Ebb Tide
- 1937 - Swing High, Swing Low
- 1937 - Waikiki Wedding
- 1937 - Souls at Sea
- 1938 - Her Jungle Love
- 1938 - Artists and Models Abroad
- 1938 - Romance in the Dark
- 1938 - The Texans
- 1939 - Gulliver's Travels, including the Academy Award nominated song "Faithful Forever"
- 1939 - $1000 a Touchdown
- 1941 - Cadet Girl
- 1941 - A Yank in the R.A.F.
- 1941 - Tall, Dark and Handsome
- 1941 - Rise and Shine
- 1941 - New York Town
- 1942 - Footlight Serenade
- 1942 - True to the Army
- 1942 - My Gal Sal
- Category:Songs with music by Ralph Rainger
- Brown Alumni Monthly 31:6 (January 1931)
- “Radio: News and Programs.” The Corning (NY) Evening Leader, 4 May 1922.
- “Round the Radio Circuit.” New York Telegram and Evening Mail, 2 July 1924.
- “Summer Resorts” (advertising) New York Times, 29 July 1923.
- Chisholm, Elise. “Biography for Two Pianos.” Brooklyn Daily Eagle, 2 May 1937.
- “What Playgoers Have in Store.” Philadelphia Inquirer, 27 June 1926.
- Webb, Clifton. “The Story of ‘Moanin’ Low’.” New York Evening Post, 25 May 1929.
- Doug Ramsey (December 30, 2008). "Another Who's Been Unjustly Forgotten". The Wall Street Journal.
- “Picture Plays and Players: The Song-Writing Team of Rainger and Robin Talk of ‘The Big Broadcast'." New York Sun, 25 May 1936.
- “Widow of Plane Victim Granted $77,637 Award.” Ellicottville (NY) Post, 24 November 1943.
- Rainger v. Comm'r of Internal Revenue (In re Estate of Rainger), Tax Court of the United States, 30 March 1949, 12 T.C. 483 (U.S.T.C. 1949)