Rakov Škocjan

Rakov Škocjan (pronounced [ˈɾaːkɔu̯ ˈʃkɔːtsjan]) is a settlement south of Rakek in the Municipality of Cerknica in the Inner Carniola region of Slovenia. The surrounding area of the Rak Škocjan Valley is a regional nature reserve known as Rak Škocjan Park.[2]

Rakov Škocjan
Rakov Škocjan
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 45°47′51.94″N 14°17′13.9″E
Country Slovenia
Traditional regionInner Carniola
Statistical regionLittoral–Inner Carniola
MunicipalityCerknica
Area
  Total19.01 km2 (7.34 sq mi)
Elevation
532.6 m (1,747.4 ft)
Population
 (2002)
  Total1,380
[1]

Name

The name Rakov Škocjan literally means 'Škocjan on Rak Creek'. Like other settlements named Škocjan, the name is a contraction of *šent Kǫcьjanъ 'Saint Cantianus', referring to the patron saint of the local church.[3] The ruins of Saint Cantianus' Church are located above Big Natural Bridge (Slovene: Veliki Naravni most) in Rak Škocjan Park.[4]

History

The area is an Iron Age archaeological site.

In the early 17th century, St. Cantianus's Church was built above the Rakov Škocjan Valley in the late Gothic style. Only ruins have been preserved until today.[5]

An inn offering accommodation and a number of vacation houses were built in what is now Rakov Škocjan in 1963.[4]

The settlement of Rakov Škocjan was formally established in 1988, when its territory was separated from the settlement of Slivice.[6]

References

  1. Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
  2. Cerknica municipal site
  3. Snoj, Marko (2009). Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan. p. 413.
  4. Savnik, Roman, ed. 1968. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 1. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, p. 53.
  5. "9251: Rakov Škocjan - Arheološko najdišče sv. Kancijan" [9251: Rakov Škocjan – St. Cantianus Archaeological Site]. Register nepremične kulturne dediščine [Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage] (in Slovenian). Ministry of Culture, Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  6. Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia: Rakov Škocjan. (in Slovene)



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