Rafidah Aziz

Rafidah binti Aziz (Jawi: رافيده بنت عزيز; born 4 November 1943) is a Malaysian politician who was Member of Parliament (MP) for the Selayang from 1978 to 1982 and Kuala Kangsar constituency from 1982 to 2013. Born in Kuala Kangsar, Perak, Rafidah was Minister of International Trade and Industry from 1987 to 2008. As minister, she was the chairman of MATRADE beginning in 1991. Presently she is a member of Malaysian United Indigenous Party or Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (BERSATU), a component of Pakatan Harapan (PH) coalition, after she was sacked from United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) of Barisan Nasional (BN) in 2018.[1]


Rafidah Aziz

رافيده بنت عزيز
Minister of International Trade and Industry
In office
20 May 1987  18 March 2008
MonarchIskandar
Azlan Shah
Ja'afar
Salahuddin
Sirajuddin
Mizan Zainal Abidin
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Deputy1. Chua Jui Meng (1990-1995)
2. Kerk Choo Ting (1995-2004)
3. Ahmad Husni Hanadzlah (2004-2008)
4. Mah Siew Keong (2004-2006)
5. Ng Lip Yong (2006-2008)
Preceded byTengku Razaleigh Hamzah
Succeeded byMuhyiddin Yassin
ConstituencyKuala Kangsar
Minister of Public Enterprises
In office
1980  20 May 1987
MonarchAhmad Shah
Iskandar
Prime MinisterHussein Onn
Mahathir Mohamad
DeputyDaud Taha
Preceded byAbdul Manan Othman
Succeeded byNapsiah Omar
ConstituencySelayang
Kuala Kangsar
Women Chief of United Malay National Organisation
In office
1999  26 March 2009
PresidentMahathir Mohamad
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Preceded bySiti Zaharah Sulaiman
Succeeded byShahrizat Abdul Jalil
In office
1986–1996
PresidentMahathir Mohamad
Succeeded bySiti Zaharah Sulaiman
Deputy Minister of Finance
In office
1977–1980
MonarchYahya Petra
Ahmad Shah
Prime MinisterHussein Onn
MinisterTengku Razaleigh Hamzah
Preceded byRichard Ho Ung Hun
Succeeded by1. Mak Hon Kam
2. Najib Razak
ConstituencySenator
Selayang
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Kuala Kangsar
In office
22 April 1982  5 May 2013
Preceded byYong Fatimah Mohd. Razali (UMNO-BN)
Succeeded byWan Mohammad Khair-il Anuar Wan Ahmad (UMNO-BN)
Majority8,556 (1982)
9,598 (1986)
7,994 (1990)
10,649 (1995)
2,774 (1999)
6,191 (2004)
1,458 (2008)
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Selayang
In office
22 July 1978  21 April 1982
Preceded byRosemary Chow Poh Kheng (MCA-BN)
Succeeded byRahmah Othman (UMNO-BN)
Majority21,270 (1978)
Personal details
Born
Rafidah binti Aziz

(1943-11-04) 4 November 1943
Kuala Kangsar, Perak
Political partyUnited Malays National Organisation (UMNO) (until 2018)
Malaysian United Indigenous Party (PPBM) (from 2018)
Other political
affiliations
Barisan Nasional (BN) (until 2018)
Pakatan Harapan (PH) (from 2018)
Alma materUniversity of Malaya
OccupationPolitician

Political career

Rafidah was the head of United Malays National Organisation's Woman Wing (Wanita UMNO in Malay) from 1999 to 2009, before losing out in the 2009 UMNO General Assembly election to Shahrizat Abdul Jalil after seeking re-election for another term. She is holding the title of the longest serving woman MP in Malaysia from 1978 to 2013 for 35 years.

In 2006, Rafidah was accused of corruption related to the issuance of Approved Permits (AP) for importing foreign vehicles by former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad in his series of criticisms against the Government of Malaysia. Mahathir had also criticised then Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi's handling of the Approved Permits (AP) issue, expressing his surprise that Rafidah was still retained as a Cabinet member although two people on the list of persons issued with highest number of APs were linked to her.[2]

In March 2008, following the general election held in that month, Rafidah was dropped from cabinet, despite winning her parliamentary seat when other ministers had lost theirs. After thirty-two years in government service, and twenty years as a minister, she described herself as being "blessed and content."[3] When asked if she was saddened, she said that she wished Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi had told her earlier on not to contest the election.[4]

Rafidah was an active member in the Malaysian political scene, having previously been appointed as a Member of the Malaysian Parliament. She was appointed as Senator in 1974 and resigned to contest in the General Elections in 1978. She served as Member of Parliament in the Selayang Constituency (from 1978 to 1982) and Kuala Kangsar Constituency (from 1982 to 2013). She served in the UMNO Supreme Council for 38 years since winning a seat in the council in 1975. She is Malaysia's longest-serving Minister of International Trade and Industry, having served in that capacity from 1987 to 2008. Previously, she also hold the portfolio of Minister of Public Enterprises from 1980 to 1987 and Deputy Minister of Finance from 1977 to 1980. In 1976, she was appointed as Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry of Public Enterprises.

Rafidah also had experience lecturing at the faculty of Economics and Administration at the University of Malaya. She started her career as a tutor and lecturer in the Faculty of Economics, University of Malaya from 1966 to 1976. She graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics in 1966 and a master's degree in Economics in 1970, both from the same university.[5]

Rafidah currently serves as the Non-Executive Independent Chairman and Director of AirAsia X since March 3, 2011.[6] She was also the Chairman of Supermax Corporation Berhad from June 16, 2015 until her resignation on April 16, 2018.[7]

On 5 May 2018, UMNO had announced it had sacked three party veterans including Rafidah with Daim Zainuddin and Rais Yatim for supporting the opposition, Pakatan Harapan then.[1][8] However she claimed she had ceased being a member of UMNO since almost a decade ago.[9]

Rafidah was appointed one of the members Economic Action Council (EAC) by the new PH government on 11 February 2019.[10][11]

Election results

Parliament of Malaysia[12]
Year Constituency Government Votes Pct Opposition Votes Pct
1978 Selayang, Selangor Rafidah Aziz (UMNO) 38,627 66% Zainal Rampak (DAP) 17,357 29%
Zainuddin Karim (PEKEMAS) 1,973 3%
1982 Kuala Kangsar, Perak Rafidah Aziz (UMNO) 12,159 65% Harikrishnan Vallappan (DAP) 3,603 19%
Muhammad Harun (PAS) 2,867 15%
1986 Rafidah Aziz (UMNO) 16,196 69% Ab Aziz Ishak (PAS) 6,598 28%
1990 Rafidah Aziz (UMNO) 16,548 64% Jamaluddin Mohd Din (S46) 8,554 33%
1995 Rafidah Aziz (UMNO) 15,393 73% Abdul Kahlid Mohd Nasir (S46) 4,744 23%
1999 Rafidah Aziz (UMNO) 12,074 55% Asmuni Awi (PAS) 9,300 42%
2004 Rafidah Aziz (UMNO) 12,938 64% Mohammad Nizar Jamaluddin (PAS) 6,747 33%
2008 Rafidah Aziz (UMNO) 10,735 52% Khairuddin Abd Malik (PAS) 9,277 45%

Honours

Honours of Malaysia

References

  1. Sadho Ram (6 May 2018). "'Iron Lady' Rafidah Aziz And Two More UMNO Veterans Sacked For Supporting Pakatan Harapan". Says.com. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  2. "Transcript of Tun Mahathir's press conference". The Star. 24 October 2006.
  3. "M'sia's Rafidah expresses hurt over cabinet departure". www.asiaone.com. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  4. "The Star: Wanita Umno chief not one to sulk". Archived from the original on 6 October 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  5. "Rafidah Aziz: Executive Profile & Biography - Bloomberg". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  6. "Rafidah Aziz to be AirAsia X's chairman". Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  7. "Rafidah Aziz resigns as Supermax chairman". Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  8. SUHAILA SHAHRUL ANNUAR and NOOR ATIQAH SULAIMAN (5 May 2018). "Daim, Rafidah, Rais sacked from Umno". New Strait Times. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  9. IDA NADIRAH IBRAHIM (5 May 2018). "Can't sack me if I'm no longer a member, Rafidah tells Umno". Malay Mail. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  10. "Rafidah, Jomo and banker Tay appointed to Economic Action Council". Free Malay Today. 11 February 2019. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  11. Azura Abas (11 February 2019). "PMO announces appointment of 16 EAC members". New Strait Times. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  12. "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri". Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 14 June 2010. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  13. "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat".
  14. "Three new Tuns head awards list". The Star. 7 June 2008. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  15. "Najib heads Malacca awards". The Star. 13 October 2007. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  16. "Mahathir heads Sarawak honours list". Bernama. The Star. 22 July 2003. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
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