RENFE Class 130
The RENFE Class 130 or S-130 (Spanish: Serie 130 de Renfe, manufacturer's designation Talgo 250) is a high-speed dual-gauge, dual-voltage trainset consisting of 11 Talgo VII tilting coaches and two power cars, used on Alvia services. The class have been nicknamed patitos (ducklings), due to the shape of the train nose.
|RENFE Class 130|
|Manufacturer||Talgo / Bombardier (Kassel)|
|Capacity||11 coach set: |
299 seats, 236 standard, 62 first, 1 special
|Train length||183 m (600 ft 4.7 in)|
|Car length||20 m (65 ft 7.4 in) (power car)|
13.14 m (43 ft 1.3 in) (passenger car)
|Width||2.96 m (9 ft 8.54 in) (power car)|
|Height||4 m (13 ft 1.48 in) (power car)|
|Maximum speed||250 km/h (160 mph) (standard gauge lines)|
220 km/h (140 mph) (Iberian gauge lines)
180 km/h (110 mph) (S730; diesel mode)
|Axle load||max. axle load 18 t (17.7 long tons; 19.8 short tons)|
|Prime mover(s)||TMF 64-32-4 / 2x MTU 12V 4000 R43L (S730)|
|Power output||2,400 kW (3,200 hp) @ 25 kV AC |
2,000 kW (2,700 hp) @ 3 kV DC
(per power unit)
1.8 MW (2,400 hp) per power car in diesel mode (S730)
|Electric system(s)||25 kV 50 Hz AC / 3 kV DCCatenary|
|Current collection method||Pantograph (2 per power car)|
high voltage roof mounted electrical bus between power cars.
|UIC classification||Bo'Bo' 1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1 Bo'Bo'|
(11 car set)
|Bogies||BoBo (power car)|
Articulated independent wheel 'single axle' in passenger cars
|Braking system(s)||2 disc brakes per axle|
regenerative and rheostatic brakes in power cars
pneumatic discs in passenger cars
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) / 1,668 mm (5 ft 5 21⁄32 in)|
Background and design
The trainsets are designed for high-speed services on Iberian gauge (1,668 mm (5 ft 5 21⁄32 in)) and high-speed (1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)) lines; they can change gauge at low speed without stopping using Talgo's RD variable gauge system. The carriages are constructed from aluminium and incorporate the Talgo Pendular passive pendulum tilting system, are sealed against pressure differences for tunnel travel, and have underframe air conditioning, individual audio systems and video displays, rotating and reclining seats and power outlets.
Operations and services
As of January 2010 they operated from Gijon/Oviedo via León, Palencia, Valladolid to Madrid with some trains extended to Alicante via Albacete; Santander via Palencia and Valladolid to Madrid, sometimes extended to Alicante; Madrid to Bilbao via Valladolid and Burgos; Madrid to San Sebastian/Irun via Valladolid, Burgos and Vitoria;, Madrid to Alicante; Huelva and Cadiz. and Madrid to Murcia
On services such as Gijon-Madrid they have been replaced by RENFE Class 120 trainsets (2011).
RENFE Class 730
In order to extend high-quality services to parts of Spain not on the high-speed network RENFE acquired hybrid trains with both electric and diesel power for delivery in 2012 for use from Madrid to Murcia and Galicia, built by Talgo and Bombardier, at a cost of 78 million euro. The new trains based on the S-130 were initially coded S130H, later S730;
Fifteen sets S-130 units will be converted to hybrid operation. with two generator cars per set using MTU 12V 4000 R43L engines (1.8MW each). The top speed in diesel mode is 180 km/h. Testing of the trains took place in 2011 with introduction into service expected in 2012.
250km/h+ prototype train
Accidents and Incidents
2013 Santiago de Compostela accident
On 24 July 2013 a RENFE class S730 running as the Alvia 4155 service from Madrid to Ferrol derailed and crashed near Santiago de Compostela in north-western Spain, killing 78, out of 218 passengers on board. The train was traveling over twice the posted speed limit of 80 km/h (50 mph) while entering a curve, due to the absence of ERTMS in that specific stretch (it was scheduled to be updated soon) and a driver error.
- Talgo 250 Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine www.talgo.de
- Bombardier Transportation in Germany Page 14, www.bombardier.com
- High speed trainsets - subsection Passenger Car Features Archived 2010-03-28 at the Wayback Machine Talgo Series VII Passenger Coaches www.talgoamerica.com
- From Serie 130 de Renfe
- Trayectos y Servicios - clase preferente www.renfe.es
- Trayectos y Servicios - clase turista www.renfe.es
- "Los nuevos Alvia no convencen", www.lavozdeasturias.es (in Spanish), 11 February 2011
- “Talgo RD” Variable Gauge System: A solution to eliminate barriers in the transport of goods and passengers between East and West Rail Tech Russis, inter-nation conference, June 2007, conference.europoint.eu
- The Talgo Pendular Coaches Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine www.talgoamerica.com
- The Talgo Pendular Coaches Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine POWER HEAD TALGO 250, Page 7, www.talgoamerica.com
- Alvia service : Gijon-Alicante www.renfe.es Archived April 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- Nuestros Trenes . Alvia Serie 130 www.renfe.com
- Alvia service : Santander-Alicante www.renfe.es Archived December 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- Alvia service : Madrid-Bilbao www.renfe.es Archived April 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- Alvia service : Madrid-Irun www.renfe.es
- Alvia service : Madrid-Alicante www.renfe.es Archived December 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- Un ´supertren´ conectará las ciudades gallegas en la mitad de tiempo en 2012 26/6/2009, www.laopinioncoruna.es
- Renfe invertirá 78 millones de euros en adaptar quince trenes AVE a vías sin electrificar 29/12/2009, www.europapress.es
- Adquiridos los nuevos trenes híbridos para la línea convencional Madrid-Murcia en 2012 2/1/2010 www.europapress
- Serie 730 de Renfe, el tren dual de Talgo todo terreno 6/10/2011 via libre
- "High speed electro-diesel trainset on test", www.railwaygazette.com, Railway Gazette International, 21 September 2011
- Talgo ha comenzado la construcción de un prototipo de tren de ancho variable a 300 km/h www.vialibre-ffe.com
- Uzbekistan Temir Yollari, Patentes Talgo S.A. sign 38m euro contract www.usdaily.com
- "Talgo 250 arrives in Toshkent", www.railwaygazette.com, Railway Gazette International, 26 July 2011
- "Spain Train Crash: Black Box Data Disclosed". Sky News. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
- "Me cago en diez, pobres viajeros... ¡Ay Dios mío! Fue en la curva que me despisté". ABC. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- "Spain train crash: Galicia derailment kills 78". BBC News. 25 July 2013.
- Talgo 250 information sheet www.talgo.es
- Information on the crash absorption and coupling module of the S130 powerheads www.esytech.de
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Renfe Class 130.|
- Renfe Serie 130 Information from www.ferropedia.es