RENFE Class 130

The RENFE Class 130 or S-130[4] (Spanish: Serie 130 de Renfe, manufacturer's designation Talgo 250) is a high-speed dual-gauge, dual-voltage trainset consisting of 11 Talgo VII tilting coaches and two power cars, used on Alvia services.[5][6] The class have been nicknamed patitos (ducklings), due to the shape of the train nose.[7]

RENFE Class 130
Talgo 250
ManufacturerTalgo[1] / Bombardier (Kassel)[2]
Number built45
Capacity11 coach set:
299 seats, 236 standard, 62 first, 1 special[1]
Train length183 m (600 ft 4.7 in)[1]
Car length20 m (65 ft 7.4 in) (power car)[1]
13.14 m (43 ft 1.3 in) (passenger car)[3]
Width2.96 m (9 ft 8.54 in) (power car)[1]
Height4 m (13 ft 1.48 in) (power car)[1]
Maximum speed250 km/h (160 mph) (standard gauge lines)[1]
220 km/h (140 mph) (Iberian gauge lines)[1]
180 km/h (110 mph) (S730; diesel mode)
Weight312 t
Axle loadmax. axle load 18 t (17.7 long tons; 19.8 short tons)[1]
Traction systemElectric
Prime mover(s)TMF 64-32-4 / 2x MTU 12V 4000 R43L (S730)
Power output2,400 kW (3,200 hp) @ 25 kV AC
2,000 kW (2,700 hp) @ 3 kV DC
(per power unit)[1]
1.8 MW (2,400 hp) per power car in diesel mode (S730)
Electric system(s)25 kV 50 Hz AC / 3 kV DC[1]Catenary
Current collection methodPantograph (2 per power car)
high voltage roof mounted electrical bus between power cars.
UIC classificationBo'Bo' 1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1 Bo'Bo'
(11 car set)
BogiesBoBo (power car)[1]
Articulated independent wheel 'single axle' in passenger cars[1]
Braking system(s)2 disc brakes per axle
regenerative and rheostatic brakes in power cars[1]
pneumatic discs in passenger cars[1]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) / 1,668 mm (5 ft 5 2132 in)[1]

Background and design

The trainsets are designed for high-speed services on Iberian gauge (1,668 mm (5 ft 5 2132 in)) and high-speed (1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)) lines; they can change gauge at low speed without stopping using Talgo's RD variable gauge system.[8] The carriages are constructed from aluminium and incorporate the Talgo Pendular passive pendulum tilting system,[9] are sealed against pressure differences for tunnel travel,[1] and have underframe air conditioning, individual audio systems and video displays, rotating and reclining seats and power outlets.[3]

Capacity in standard class is 36 seated, in first class 26 seats, end coaches have lower capacity, one coach is typically used for restaurant/sales services.[1]

The power cars use AC traction motors controlled by IGBT inverters which include integrated auxiliary inverters. Signalling systems can include ETCS Level 2, LZB, ASFA and Ebicab900TBS.[10]

Operations and services

As of January 2010 they operated from Gijon/Oviedo via León, Palencia, Valladolid to Madrid with some trains extended to Alicante via Albacete;[11][12] Santander via Palencia and Valladolid to Madrid, sometimes extended to Alicante;[12][13] Madrid to Bilbao via Valladolid and Burgos;[12][14] Madrid to San Sebastian/Irun via Valladolid, Burgos and Vitoria;[12][15], Madrid to Alicante;[12][16] Huelva and Cadiz. and Madrid to Murcia

On services such as Gijon-Madrid they have been replaced by RENFE Class 120 trainsets (2011).[7]


RENFE Class 730

In order to extend high-quality services to parts of Spain not on the high-speed network RENFE acquired hybrid trains with both electric and diesel power[17] for delivery in 2012 for use from Madrid to Murcia and Galicia, built by Talgo and Bombardier, at a cost of 78 million euro.[18] The new trains based on the S-130 were initially coded S130H, later S730;

Fifteen sets S-130 units will be converted to hybrid operation.[19][20] with two generator cars per set using MTU 12V 4000 R43L engines (1.8MW each). The top speed in diesel mode is 180 km/h. Testing of the trains took place in 2011 with introduction into service expected in 2012.[21]

250km/h+ prototype train

A gauge-changing train capable of over 250 km/h is in development and is based on the S-130.[22]

Uzbekistan trainset order

A version of the S130 for Uzbekistan Temir Yollari was ordered in 2009 for use on a Tashkent–Samarkand high-speed line.[23] Deliveries of the order of two trains began in July 2011.[24]

Accidents and Incidents

2013 Santiago de Compostela accident

On 24 July 2013 a RENFE class S730[25] running as the Alvia 4155 service from Madrid to Ferrol derailed and crashed near Santiago de Compostela in north-western Spain, killing 78, out of 218 passengers on board. The train was traveling over twice the posted speed limit of 80 km/h (50 mph) while entering a curve, due to the absence of ERTMS in that specific stretch (it was scheduled to be updated soon) and a driver error.[26][27][28]

See also


  1. Talgo 250 Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  2. Bombardier Transportation in Germany Page 14,
  3. High speed trainsets - subsection Passenger Car Features Archived 2010-03-28 at the Wayback Machine Talgo Series VII Passenger Coaches
  4. From Serie 130 de Renfe
  5. Trayectos y Servicios - clase preferente
  6. Trayectos y Servicios - clase turista
  7. "Los nuevos Alvia no convencen", (in Spanish), 11 February 2011
  8. “Talgo RD” Variable Gauge System: A solution to eliminate barriers in the transport of goods and passengers between East and West Rail Tech Russis, inter-nation conference, June 2007,
  9. The Talgo Pendular Coaches Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine
  10. The Talgo Pendular Coaches Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine POWER HEAD TALGO 250, Page 7,
  11. Alvia service : Gijon-Alicante Archived April 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  12. Nuestros Trenes . Alvia Serie 130
  13. Alvia service : Santander-Alicante Archived December 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  14. Alvia service : Madrid-Bilbao Archived April 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  15. Alvia service : Madrid-Irun
  16. Alvia service : Madrid-Alicante Archived December 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  17. Un ´supertren´ conectará las ciudades gallegas en la mitad de tiempo en 2012 26/6/2009,
  18. Renfe invertirá 78 millones de euros en adaptar quince trenes AVE a vías sin electrificar 29/12/2009,
  19. Adquiridos los nuevos trenes híbridos para la línea convencional Madrid-Murcia en 2012 2/1/2010 www.europapress
  20. Serie 730 de Renfe, el tren dual de Talgo todo terreno 6/10/2011 via libre
  21. "High speed electro-diesel trainset on test",, Railway Gazette International, 21 September 2011
  22. Talgo ha comenzado la construcción de un prototipo de tren de ancho variable a 300 km/h
  23. Uzbekistan Temir Yollari, Patentes Talgo S.A. sign 38m euro contract
  24. "Talgo 250 arrives in Toshkent",, Railway Gazette International, 26 July 2011
  26. "Spain Train Crash: Black Box Data Disclosed". Sky News. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  27. "Me cago en diez, pobres viajeros... ¡Ay Dios mío! Fue en la curva que me despisté". ABC. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  28. "Spain train crash: Galicia derailment kills 78". BBC News. 25 July 2013.

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