Quemchi

Quemchi is a Chilean town and commune in Los Lagos Region, located in the eastern shore of Chiloé Island. It acquired certain celebrity because the famous Chilean writer Francisco Coloane was born nearby the town.

Quemchi

Coat of arms
Location of the Quemchi commune in Los Lagos Region
Quemchi
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 42°09′0″S 73°29′22″W
CountryChile
RegionLos Lagos
ProvinceChiloé
Founded1882
Government
  TypeMunicipality
  AlcaldeLuis Macías Demarchi (ILC)
Area
  Total440.3 km2 (170.0 sq mi)
Elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
 (2012 Census)[3]
  Total8,405
  Density19/km2 (49/sq mi)
  Urban
1,665
  Rural
7,024
Sex
  Men4,525
  Women4,164
Time zoneUTC-4 (CLT[4])
  Summer (DST)UTC-3 (CLST[5])
Area code(s)56 + 65
Websiteweb.archive.org/web/20110119021212/http://www.municipalidadquemchi.cl/

The town is served by Quemchi Airport.

History

At the end of 1860, Quemchi was set in native forest and the inhabitants lived mainly on shellfish. The population was a mixture of Chileans and Europeans. In 1870 the first barkentine to anchor in the bay brought the English businessman Edwin H. Landon. Impressed by the beauty of the area and its potential commercial possibilities, he settled on a big block of land purchased from Juan Pablo Tocol. Here he built a house and later the first sawmill in Choen, as well as a store to supply his workers and villagers with provisions. He introduced exotic timbers from North America, Europe and Australia. Thus emerged a port visited by ships of many different nations.

As this harbour was not very secure, it was moved to the more protected waters of Quemchi. This became quite an important place, where many people established themselves, amongst them Vicente Lobos Toledo from Valparaíso.

Compañía Explotadora de Maderas Valparaíso was formed in Quemchi in 1885, and later became the "Sociedad Nacional de Bosques y Maderas", with affiliated companies in Quemchi, Calbuco and Maullín, and with an agent in Ancud.

In 1881 Luis Martiniano was appointed Governor of Chiloé. He signed the declaration recognising Quemchi and its environs as an administrative area of the republic.

20th century

Compañía de Electricidad was formed in Quemchi in 1925 by Don Vicente Lobos T. and Don Antonio Scholbach and supplied the port with electric power.

The timber company Pi-Castolpi was founded in 1940 when the Spaniard don Antonio Campani, bought a thousand hectares of virgin forest in the Ancud area. With employment a strong community emerged.

Demographics

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Quemchi spans an area of 440.3 km2 (170 sq mi) and has 8,689 inhabitants (4,525 men and 4,164 women). Of these, 1,665 (19.2%) lived in urban areas and 7,024 (80.8%) in rural areas. The population grew by 6.1% (501 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[3]

Administration

As a commune, Quemchi is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Luis Macías Demarchi (ILC).[1][2]

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Quemchi is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Gabriel Ascencio (PDC) and Alejandro Santana (RN) as part of the 58th electoral district, (together with Castro, Ancud, Dalcahue, Curaco de Vélez, Quinchao, Puqueldón, Chonchi, Queilén, Quellón, Chaitén, Hualaihué, Futaleufú and Palena). The commune is represented in the Senate by Camilo Escalona Medina (PS) and Carlos Kuschel Silva (RN) as part of the 17th senatorial constituency (Los Lagos Region).

References

  1. "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on January 19, 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2011.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  2. "Municipality of Quemchi" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on January 19, 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2011.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  3. "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  4. "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Archived from the original on September 11, 2007. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
  5. "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Archived from the original on September 11, 2007. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
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