Quantum Leap

Quantum Leap is an American science-fiction television series created by Donald P. Bellisario, that originally aired on NBC for five seasons, from March 25, 1989 through May 5, 1993. It starred Scott Bakula as Dr. Sam Beckett, a physicist who leaps through spacetime during an experiment in time travel, by temporarily taking the place of other people to correct historical mistakes. Dean Stockwell co-stars as Admiral Al Calavicci, Sam's womanizing, cigar-smoking companion and best friend, who appears to him as a hologram.

Quantum Leap
GenreScience fiction
Created byDonald P. Bellisario
StarringScott Bakula
Dean Stockwell
Narrated byDeborah Pratt (Intro)
Scott Bakula (Episodes)
Theme music composerMike Post
Composer(s)Velton Ray Bunch
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons5
No. of episodes97 (list of episodes)
Producer(s)Donald P. Bellisario
Deborah Pratt
Harker Wade
Production location(s)California, USA
Running time45 minutes
Production company(s)Belisarius Productions
Universal Television
DistributorNBCUniversal Television Distribution
Original networkNBC
Picture formatSD: 4:3 (broadcast/DVD release)
HD: 16:9 (streaming)
Original releaseMarch 26, 1989 (1989-03-26) 
May 5, 1993 (1993-05-05)
External links
Website (NBC)

The series features a mix of humor, drama, romance, social commentary, and science fiction. The show was ranked number 19 on TV Guide's "Top Cult Shows Ever" in 2007.[1][2]


"Theorizing that one could time travel within his own lifetime, Dr. Sam Beckett led an elite group of scientists into the desert to develop a top secret project, known as "Quantum Leap". Pressured to prove his theories or lose funding, Dr. Beckett prematurely stepped into the Project Accelerator--and vanished. He awoke to find himself trapped in the past, suffering from partial amnesia and facing mirror images that were not his own. Fortunately, contact with his own time was maintained through brainwave transmissions with Al, the Project Observer, who appeared in the form of a hologram that only Dr. Beckett could see and hear. Trapped in the past, Dr. Beckett finds himself leaping from life to life, putting things right that once went wrong and hoping each time that his next leap will be the leap home.

--Opening narration by Deborah Pratt, season two, episodes 13–22.

Quantum Leap follows the story of Dr. Sam Beckett (Bakula), a physicist who has become stuck in the past as a result of a time-travel experiment gone wrong, and his attempts to return to his present, the late 20th century, by altering events in the past for the better, with the aid of a hologram of his friend Admiral Al Calavicci (Stockwell), monitoring him from Sam's present.[3][4]

In the series premiere, Sam has theorized the ability to travel in one's own lifetime and is the lead scientist of the government-funded Project Quantum Leap, operating from a secret laboratory in New Mexico; Al oversees the project for the government. When Al learns that funding for the project is in danger of being pulled because no demonstrable results have come from the project, Sam takes it upon himself to step into the Quantum Leap accelerator to prove that the project works; unfortunately, he does this well before the project is ready to be demonstrated, and is sent into the past. When Sam gains consciousness, he finds himself suffering from partial amnesia, and is more surprised to find that his appearance to others, including what he sees in the mirror, is not his own face. He finds that Al has come to his aid as a hologram that only Sam can see and hear, as it is tuned to his brainwaves. Al, working with the project's artificial intelligence Ziggy (voiced by Deborah Pratt), determines that Sam must alter an event in the current period he is in so as to re-engage the Quantum Leap process and return home. Al helps Sam overcome some facets of his "Swiss-cheese memory" and provides information on history as it originally happened. He also updates Sam on future events and relates possible outcome-probabilities using a handheld communication device in contact with Ziggy. The device is often temperamental and must be struck a few times as it emits electronic beeping and whirring sounds before the information is revealed. With Al and Ziggy's help, Sam is able to successfully change history, and then leaps out, only to find himself in the life of someone else in a different period of time.[5]

Episodes in the series subsequently follow Sam's reaction to each leap (typically ending the cold open with him uttering "Oh, boy!" on discovering his situation), and then working with Al and Ziggy to figure out his new identity and who he needs to help to "set right what once went wrong" and trigger the next leap.[6] An episode typically ends as a cliffhanger, showing the first few moments of Sam's next leap (along with him again uttering "Oh, boy!" on discovering his situation), which is repeated in the following episode's cold open. Though initially Sam's leaping is believed by Al and the others on the Quantum Leap team to be random, the characters come to believe in later seasons that someone or something is controlling Sam's leaping, and this is a central focus of the show's finale episode, "Mirror Image".

When Sam leaps, his body is physically present in the past, although he appears to others as the person into whom he leaped. In one case, after leaping into a Vietnam veteran who has lost both legs, Sam is still able to walk normally, but appears to others as if he is floating. Sam's body and mind may become jumbled with those into whom he has leaped. In one situation, he leaps into a woman near the end of her pregnancy and feels her birth pains, while in another episode, he leaps into Lee Harvey Oswald and feels an intense pressure to assassinate John F. Kennedy, despite knowing that it is the wrong thing to do. Similarly, the persons into whom Sam has leaped are brought into the future, where they appear as Sam to the others; they are normally kept in an isolated waiting room to prevent them from learning anything about the future, and they return to their own time when Sam leaps.

In most of Sam's leaps, the changes he makes are small on the grand scale, such as saving the life of a person who might otherwise have died, or helping making someone's life better. Selected episodes, however, demonstrate more dramatic effects of his time travels. In one episode, Sam's actions ultimately lead to Al's death prior to the project, and Sam finds himself suddenly aided by a new hologram, "Edward St. John V" (played by Roddy McDowall), and must work to prevent Al's death. In another episode, when again the project's funding is threatened, Sam helps a young woman successfully pass the bar; this results in her becoming one of the members of Congress who oversees the project and aids in the restoration of its funding. In the episode involving Lee Harvey Oswald, while Sam and Al do not prevent the assassination of Kennedy, Sam's actions prevent Oswald from making a second shot that killed Jacqueline Kennedy in the fictitious original history.

Because of the time-travel aspect, many episodes allude to famous people or incidents indirectly, such as Sam suggesting to young Donald Trump that New York real estate will be valuable in the future, suggesting the lyrics of "Peggy Sue" to a teenaged Buddy Holly, showing young Michael Jackson his signature moonwalk dance for the first time, giving Dr. Henry Heimlich the idea for his namesake maneuver by saving him from choking,[4] and setting in place actions that lead to the discovery of the Watergate scandal. Two notable episodes place Sam directly at the center of significant historical events, one being the leap into Oswald. In "Goodbye Norma Jean", Sam appears as Marilyn Monroe's bodyguard, who saves her life and convinces Marilyn to remain alive for her starring role in The Misfits. Other episodes explore the past of the main characters, such as Sam saving his brother from being killed in the Vietnam War, and saving Al's marriage to Beth.

In the final episode, "Mirror Image", Sam leaps through spacetime as himself (without replacing another person), arriving at the exact time of his birth, where he meets a mysterious barkeep (Bruce McGill, who also appeared in the first episode in a different role). The barkeep is aware of Sam's situation and assures him that Sam himself controls the very nature and destinations of his leaps ("to make the world a better place"), and that Sam is always able to return home.

Cast and characters

In each episode, a different cast of guest characters appears, mostly the ones whom Sam replaces with his leaps. Several other characters are referred to regularly throughout the series, but are mostly unseen.



The main premise for Quantum Leap was inspired by such movies as Heaven Can Wait and Here Comes Mr. Jordan. It also may have evolved out of an unused Battlestar Galactica story that was proposed for the Galactica 1980 series. Series creator Donald P. Bellisario[4][7] saw its concept as a way of developing an original anthology series, as anthologies were unpopular with the networks.[4]

The series ran on NBC[8] for five seasons, from March 1989 through May 1993.


The theme for the series was written by Mike Post.[4] It was later rearranged for the fifth season, except for the series finale episode, which featured the original theme music. Scores for the episodes were composed by Post and Velton Ray Bunch.

A soundtrack album was first released in 1993, titled Music from the Television Series 'Quantum Leap' , dedicated to John Anderson, who played Pat Knight in The Last Gunfighter. It was released by GNP Crescendo on CD and cassette tape.

1 Prologue (Saga Sell)Mike Post, Velton Ray Bunch
Deborah Pratt (voiceover)
2 Quantum Leap (Main Title)Mike Post1:15
3 Somewhere in the NightScott Bakula3:32Piano Man
4 Suite from the Leap HomeVelton Ray Bunch3:37The Leap Home, Part 1
5 ImagineJohn Lennon3:05The Leap Home, Part 1
6 Sam's PrayerVelton Ray Bunch1:52A Single Drop of Rain
7 Blue Moon of KentuckyBill Monroe1:41Memphis Melody
8 Baby, Let's Play HouseArthur Gunter2:13Memphis Melody
9 Shoot OutVelton Ray Bunch3:03The Last Gunfighter
10 Medley from Man of La ManchaScott Bakula6:18Catch a Falling Star
11 Bite MeVelton Ray Bunch3:29Blood Moon
12 Alphabet RapDean Stockwell2:05Shock Theater
13 Suite from "Lee Harvey Oswald"Velton Ray Bunch14:55Leaping on a String
14 Fate's Wide WheelScott Bakula3:05Glitter Rock
15 A Conversation with Scott BakulaScott Bakula (interview)12:02
16 Quantum Leap (Prologue and Main Title Reprise)Mike Post, Velton Ray Bunch2:20


Broadcast history

The Quantum Leap series was initially moved from Friday nights to Wednesdays. It was later moved twice away from Wednesdays to Fridays in late 1990, and to Tuesdays in late 1992. The series finale aired in its Wednesday slot in May 1993.[4]

The most frequent time slot for the series is indicated by italics:

  • Sunday at 9:00–11:00 pm on NBC: March 26, 1989
  • Friday at 9:00–10:00 pm on NBC: March 31, 1989 – April 21, 1989
  • Wednesday at 10:00–11:00 pm on NBC: May 3—17, 1989; September 20, 1989 – May 9, 1990; March 6, 1991 – May 20, 1992
  • Friday at 8:00–9:00 pm on NBC: September 28, 1990 – January 4, 1991
  • Tuesday at 8:00–9:00 pm on NBC: September 22, 1992 – April 20, 1993
  • Wednesday at 9:00–10:00 pm on NBC: May 4, 1993

In the United Kingdom, the show began on BBC Two on February 13, 1990 , airing Tuesday evenings at 9:00 pm. The final episode was scheduled to be aired on June 14, 1994, but altered schedules after the death of British dramatist Dennis Potter earlier that month delayed the airing until June 21, 1994.. Repeat episodes continued on the channel at various times until December 28, 1999 . It has since aired several times on satellite and cable television, rerunning late at night on television channel Cozi TV.

Home media

Universal Studios Home Entertainment has released the entire, digitally remastered, Quantum Leap series on DVD.[10][11] Some controversy arose when fans discovered that many songs had been replaced from the soundtrack due to music rights issues. For the fifth season, Universal included all of the original music.

On April 13, 2016, Mill Creek Entertainment announced that it had acquired the rights to the series and re-released the first two seasons on DVD on June 7, 2016.[12]

On February 7, 2017, Mill Creek re-released Quantum Leap - the Complete Series on DVD and also released the complete series on Blu-ray for the first time.[13] The 18-disc set contains all 97 episodes of the series, as well as most of the original music restored for all seasons.

Season - DVD nameEpisodesDVD release date
Region 1Region 2Region 4
Season 1 - The Complete First Season9June 8, 2004November 8, 2004May 2, 2005
Season 2 - The Complete Second Season22December 14, 2004October 31, 2005February 7, 2006
Season 3 - The Complete Third Season22May 10, 2005December 12, 2005June 7, 2006
Season 4 - The Complete Fourth Season22March 28, 2006June 26, 2006November 2006
Season 5 - The Complete Fifth Season22November 14, 2006December 26, 2006February 21, 2007
Seasons 1–5 - The Complete Series
(The Complete Collection)
97 November 4, 2014[10] October 8, 2007[11] N/A

Final episode

At the end of season five, Bellisario was told to write an episode that could serve as a season finale or series finale, as whether Quantum Leap would be renewed was unclear. The episode contained some answers to long-standing questions about the show, but contained enough ambiguity for a season six. However, when the show was not renewed, two screenshots were tacked on to the end of the last episode; one read that Al’s first wife Beth never remarried, so they were still married in present day and had four daughters. The last screenshot said Sam never returned home. The finale was met by viewers with mixed feelings.[14][15][16]

A few years after the airing of the finale, a script for an alternate ending was leaked on the internet. It implied that Al, through encouragement of his wife Beth, would become a leaper to go after Sam and that they would be leaping into the future. Bellissario has said no script exists and that he does not know where this idea came from. However in 2018, fan Allison Pregler purchased screen shots taken from season five that contained some shots of Al and Beth together; this implies that part of the alternate ending was, in fact, shot and gives credibility to the alternate-ending scenario.[17][18] In May 2019, a video of the lost footage was actually uploaded to Reddit by a contributor with the handle Leaper1953.[19] How this person obtained the footage is not known publicly. Scott Bakula confirmed that several endings were shot and that the footage was authentic.[20]


Despite its struggling start with poor broadcast times,[4] the series had gained a large 18–49 demographics of viewers. The finale was viewed by 13 million American households.[21] In 2004 and 2007, Quantum Leap was ranked number 15 and 19, respectively, on TV Guide's "Top Cult Shows Ever".[1]


Along with 43 nominations, Quantum Leap received 17 awards (listed below).[22][23]

1989Primetime Emmy AwardOutstanding Cinematography for a SeriesRoy H. WagnerGenesis, Part 1
Outstanding Achievement in Hairstyling for a SeriesVirginia KearnsDouble Identity
1990Quality TV AwardBest Actor in a Quality Drama SeriesScott Bakula
Golden Globe AwardBest Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role in a Series,
Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for TV
Dean Stockwell
Primetime Emmy AwardOutstanding Cinematography for a SeriesMichael W. WatkinsPool Hall Blues
1991Quality TV AwardBest Actor in a Quality Drama SeriesScott Bakula
Best Supporting Actor in a Quality Drama SeriesDean Stockwell
Edgar AwardBest Television EpisodePaul BrownGood Night, Dear Heart
DGA AwardOutstanding Directorial Achievement in Dramatic Series' - NightMichael ZinbergThe Leap Home, Part 2 - Vietnam
Primetime Emmy AwardOutstanding Achievement in Makeup for a SeriesGerald Quist
Michael Mills
Jeremy Swan
The Leap Home, Part 1
Outstanding Cinematography for a SeriesMichael W. WatkinsThe Leap Home, Part 2 - Vietnam
1992Quality TV AwardBest Actor in a Quality Drama SeriesScott Bakula
Golden Globe AwardBest Performance by an Actor in a TV-Series - DramaScott Bakula
1993Quality TV AwardBest Actor in a Quality Drama SeriesScott Bakula
Young Artist AwardBest Young Actress Guest-Starring in a Television SeriesKimberly Cullum
ACE AwardBest Edited One Hour Series for TelevisionJon KoslowskyA Song for the Soul
Primetime Emmy AwardOutstanding Individual Achievement in Editing for a Series,
Single Camera Production
Jon KoslowskyLee Harvey Oswald

Other media


  • Barrett, Julie, The A–Z of Quantum Leap. Boxtree Ltd., London 1995. ISBN 0-7522-0628-1
  • Chunovic, Louis, Quantum Leap Book. Boxtree Ltd., London 1993. ISBN 1-85283-866-3
  • Schuster, Hal, The Making of Quantum Leap. HarperCollins, London 1996. ISBN 0-06-105438-0
  • Dale, Matt, Beyond the Mirror Image. TME Books, UK 2017. The limited edition first print hardcover was funded via Kickstarter in late 2016 and included both black & white and colored pages. Due to popular demand, the book was reprinted, though the 2nd edition did not include colored pages and came with a book jacket/dust cover.
  • Robitaille, Julie, The Beginning. Transworld Publishers|Corgi]], London 1990. ISBN 0-552-13642-5. Re-published in U.K. by Boxtree Ltd., London 1994. ISBN 1-85283-392-0. (Novelization of the pilot episode)
  • Robitaille, Julie, The Ghost and the Gumshoe. Corgi, London 1990. ISBN 1-85283-397-1. Re-published in U.K. by Boxtree Ltd., London 1994. (Novelization of "Play It Again, Seymour" and "A Portrait of Troian")
  • McConnell, Ashley, Quantum Leap: The Novel. Ace Books, 1992. ISBN 0-441-69322-9. Re-published in the UK as Carny Knowledge. Boxtree Limited, London 1993. ISBN 1-85283-871-X
  • McConnell, Ashley, Too Close for Comfort. Ace Books, 1993. ISBN 0-441-69323-7.
  • McConnell, Ashley, The Wall. Ace Books, 1994. ISBN 0-441-00015-0.
  • McConnell, Ashley, Prelude. Ace Books, 1994. ISBN 0-441-00076-2.
  • Melanie Rawn: Knights of the Morningstar. Ace Books, 1994. ISBN 0-441-00092-4.
  • Melissa Crandall: Search and Rescue. Ace Books, 1994. ISBN 0-441-00122-X.
  • McConnell, Ashley, Random Measures. Ace Books, 1995. ISBN 0-441-00182-3.
  • Storm, L. Elizabeth, Pulitzer. Boulevard, 1995. ISBN 1-57297-022-7.
  • Henderson, C.J. and Laura Anne Gilman, Double or Nothing. Boulevard, 1995. ISBN 1-57297-055-3.
  • Walton, Barbara E., Odyssey. Boulevard, 1996. ISBN 1-57297-092-8.
  • Peel, John, Independence. Boulevard, 1996. ISBN 1-57297-150-9. Re-published in the U.K. as Leap into the Unknown. Boxtree Ltd., London 1996 ISBN 0-7522-0137-9.
  • Storm, L. Elizabeth, Angels Unaware. Boulevard, 1997. ISBN 1-57297-206-8.
  • Davis, Carol, Obsessions. Boulevard, 1997. ISBN 1-57297-241-6.
  • Schofield, Sandy (Dean Wesley Smith and Kristine Kathryn Rusch), Loch Ness Leap. Boulevard, 1997 ISBN 1-57297-231-9.
  • Kent, Melanie, Heat Wave. Boulevard, 1997 ISBN 1-57297-312-9.
  • DeFilippis, Christopher, Foreknowledge. Boulevard, 1998 ISBN 0-425-16487-X .
  • Peterman, MindySong And Dance. Boulevard, 1998 ISBN 0-425-16577-9.
  • Davis, Carol, and Esther D. Reese: Mirror's Edge. Boulevard, 2000 ISBN 0-425-17351-8.


Innovation Publishing produced a series of comic books that ran for 13 issues from September 1991 through August 1993. As with the television series, each issue ended with a teaser preview of the following issue and Sam's exclamation of "Oh, boy." Among the people into whom Sam found himself leaping in this series were:[24]

1"First There Was a Mountain, Then There Was No Mountain, Then There Was"High school teacher named Karen Connors in Memphis, TennesseeMarch 25, 1968
2"Freedom of the Press"Death row inmate named Willie Jackson, who must prevent a murder on the outsideJune 11, 1962
3A"He Knows If You've Been Bad or Good ..."Part-time Santa Claus, who goes by the name of NickDecember 20, 1963
3B"The Infinite Corridor"Student at MIT named Matt Randall, who is researching quantum physicsApril 2, 1968
4"The 50,000 Quest"Contestant amid the quiz show scandalsAugust 15, 1958
5"Seeing is Believing"Newspaper reporter/columnist, who responds to a girl seeing a UFONovember 14, 1957
6"A Tale of Two Cindys"Teenaged girl with an identical twin sisterFebruary 12, 1959
7A"Lives on the Fringe"Professional golfer with the Mafia after him1974
7B"Sarah's Got a Gun"Bus driver, who discovers child abuseMay 19, 1953
8"Getaway"Bank robber, while the leapee tours the project with Al1958
9"Up Against a Stonewall"Sequel to "Good Night, Dear Heart": Stephanie Heywood is released from prison after serving 12 years for manslaughter.June 22, 1969
10"Too Funny For Words"Stand-up comedian, who befriends a fading silent movie starJune 13, 1966
11"For the Good of the Nation"Doctor studying the effects of LSD on human subjectsJuly 1958
12"Waiting"Gas-station attendant with a lot of time on his handsApril 24, 1958
13"One Giant Leap"An extraterrestrial aboard an orbiting spaceshipJune 5, 1963
[14]"Two Dweebs and a Little Monster"Not published

Few of the comic stories referenced episodes of the television series, with the exception of the ninth issue, "Up Against a Stonewall".

Possible continuation

Occasional announcements of plans to revisit or restart the series have been made. In July 2002, the Sci-Fi Channel announced its development of a two-hour television film based on Quantum Leap, which it was airing in reruns at the time, that would have served as a backdoor pilot for a possible new series, with Bellisario as executive producer.[25] During the TV Guide panel at the 2010 San Diego Comic-Con International, Scott Bakula said that Bellisario was working on a script for a projected Quantum Leap feature film.[26] In October 2017, Bellisario confirmed at the L.A. Comic Con that he has finished a script for a feature film.[27]

Adult Swim's Robot Chicken has parodied the show on at least two occasions, once showing the character of Sam Beckett leaping into a woman who appeared to be a sex worker.[28] On another episode, a character is shown 'leaping' into other characters and his reflection is not his own. This episode also features an opening theme similar to Quantum Leap.[29]

Seth McFarlane's Family Guy has referenced the show on at least three different episodes. In "The Father, the Son, and the Holy Fonz", Peter Griffin is shown going door-to-door as a Jehovah's witness and says that Jesus, "would travel from place to place putting things right that once went wrong, and hoping each time that his next leap would be the leap home"; then the show cuts away to an animated Jesus 'leaping' into a scene.[30] In "The Kiss Seen Around the World", Al the hologram is shown entering a scene as he would on Quantum Leap and character Neil Goldman asks, "Al, why haven't I leaped?"[31] In the episode "Back to the Pilot", Stewie says he learned the rules of time travel by watching the show.[32]

On June 16, 2016, Scott Bakula made a brief reprise of his role as Sam Beckett on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert. Colbert made a reference to an episode where Sam Beckett has leapt into the body of a 1950s New York cab driver, whose comment about investing in New York real estate is heard by a young Donald Trump. Using a handset to talk to Ziggy, Colbert leaps back as a hologram to help Sam Beckett attempt to change the future.[33]


  1. "TV Guide Names the Top Cult Shows Ever". TV Guide. June 29, 2007.
  2. "TV Guide Names the Top Cult Shows Ever | TV Guide". TVGuide.com. 2007-06-29. Retrieved 2019-08-08.
  3. Cerone, Daniel (July 15, 1990). "'Quantum Leap' is Scott Bakula's Idea of an Actor's Dream". Los Angeles Times.
  4. Jenkins, Shelley (April 28, 2008). "Donald P. Bellisario Interview". Archive of American Television. Published in the article on April 12, 2012.
  5. Connor, John J. (March 30, 1989). "Review/Television; Comeback for Wimps in New Series". The New York Times.
  6. Chunovic, Louis, The Complete Quantum Leap Book, Citadel Press (1995)
  7. O'Connor, John J. (November 22, 1989). "Review/Television; An Actor's 'Quantum Leap' Through Times and Roles". The New York Times.
  8. Carter, Bill (October 1, 1991). "NBC Defends Move on 'Quantum Leap'". The New York Times.
  9. "Quantum Leap - Soundtrack". Amazon.com. November 19, 1993.
  10. "Quantum Leap: The Complete Series (Region 1)". Amazon.com. November 4, 2014.
  11. "Quantum Leap - The Complete Collection (Region 2)". Amazon.com. October 8, 2007.
  12. "Quantum Leap DVD news: Re-Release for Seasons 1 & 2 - TVShowsOnDVD.com". tvshowsondvd.com. Archived from the original on 2016-04-16.
  13. "Quantum Leap DVD news: Announcement for The Complete Series - TVShowsOnDVD.com". tvshowsondvd.com. Archived from the original on 2016-12-22.
  14. "The Series Finale That Helped Us Cope With The 'Lost' Finale And Every Other Disappointing Finale Since". UPROXX. 2014-06-05. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  15. "Greatest Series Finales: Quantum Leap's "Mirror Image" a beautiful, metaphysical swan song". PopOptiq. 2013-09-03. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  16. Lasser, Josh (2007-06-21). "Worst.. Finale… Ever…". The TV and Film Guy's Reviews. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  17. Elderkin, Beth. "Did a Fan Just Find Proof of Quantum Leap's Secret Lost Ending?". io9. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  18. Movie Nights (2018-02-18), Quantum Leap LOST ENDING REDISCOVERED!, retrieved 2019-04-26
  19. "Watch: Quantum Leap Lost Alternate Ending Footage Surfaces After 26 Years". ScreenRant. 2019-05-30. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  20. Mazzeo, Jeff; Trock, Gary (2019-06-01). "Scott Bakula is Happy Fans Can See 'Quantum Leap' Lost Footage". The Blast. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  21. WEINSTEIN, STEVE (7 May 1993). "'Quantum Leap' Ratings Jump on Final Telecast" via LA Times.
  22. "Quantum Leap - Awards". The New York Times.
  23. "Quantum Leap, Awards". IMDb. Based on the original citation. NBC.
  24. Zeman, Phil (January 19, 1995). "Quantum Leap Comic Guide".
  25. "New Leap, Tremors On Sci-Fi". Syfy. July 9, 2002. Archived from the original on July 9, 2006.
  26. Holbrook, Damian (July 23, 2010). "Comic-Con: Is Quantum Leaping to the Megaplex?". TV Guide.
  27. Sollosi, Mary (October 28, 2017). "Quantum Leap creator reveals he wrote a movie script". Entertainment Weekly.
  28. Adult Swim (2011-12-20), Quantum Leap | Robot Chicken | Adult Swim, retrieved 2019-04-18
  29. Adult Swim (2014-12-12), Quantum Leap Nerd | Robot Chicken | Adult Swim, retrieved 2019-04-18
  30. 0111holmesdj (2011-02-17), Family Guy Quantum Leap, retrieved 2019-04-18
  31. Hayden McQueenie (2015-01-14), Al Calavicci on Family Guy, retrieved 2019-04-18
  32. Back to the Pilot, retrieved 2019-04-18
  33. The Late Show with Stephen Colbert's official YouTube site. Uploaded 16 June 2016. Accessed 24 June 2016
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