The QSZ-92 (Chinese: 92式手枪; pinyin: Jiǔ Èr Shí Shoǔqiàng or Jiǔ Shí Èr Shi Shoǔqiàng; literally: 'Type 92 Handgun') is a semi-automatic pistol designed by Norinco.

QSZ-92 (aka NP 42 and CF 98)
TypeSemi-automatic pistol
Place of originPeople's Republic of China
Production history
DesignerLiu Ming (刘铭) of the Small Arms Research Institute (formerly the 208 Research Institute); also attributed to Qing Shangsheng (卿上升)
ManufacturerChangfeng Machine Shop (长风机械厂)(only CF98 made by them)
VariantsQSZ92-9, QSZ92-5.8
Mass760 g
Length190 mm (7.48 in)
Barrel length111 mm (4.33 in)
Width35 mm
Height135 mm

ActionShort recoil, locked breech, rotating barrel lock
Muzzle velocity350 m/s (1,150 ft/s) (9×19mm Parabellum)
Effective firing range50 meters (9×19mm Parabellum)
Feed systemDetachable box magazine; capacities:
  • 15 rounds (9×19mm)
  • 20 rounds (5.8×21mm)
SightsFixed, 3-dot type


The pistol operates with a recoil-operated, locked-breech and has a rotating barrel locking system, in which the barrel rotates on recoil to lock and unlock itself from the slide, and the front part of the frame under the barrel is shaped as an accessory rail to accept laser sights or flash lights. A unique feature of this pistol is the detachable steel frame that sits inside the polymer grip and contains the fire control group. Like many modern military pistols, the QSZ-92 has a double-action/single-action trigger with a combined safety/decocker.[1]

Its dual stack magazine holds fifteen of either 9×19mm Parabellum ammunition (QSZ-92-9) or twenty proprietary 5.8×21mm Chinese-made armor-piercing rounds with bottle-necked case and pointed bullets (QSZ-92-5.8), closely resembling the Belgian 5.7×28mm format. Unlike most pistol magazines which narrow at the top for a consistent feed angle, the QSZ-92 has true double column feed in the same manner as many rifle magazines.[1]

The development of the QSZ-92 pistol began circa 1994 and it is now being adopted by the People's Liberation Army forces. The export variants (9mm version) include the CF-98 (barrel life c. 8000 rds) and the NP-42 (barrel life c. 10,000 rds). The latter is the basic version without provisions for suppressor etc. Both have so far found commercial export in Canada.


The QSZ-92 is in limited service in the People's Liberation Army since the late 1990s, notably in People's Liberation Army Macau Garrison. The Chinese military has adopted the 5.8mm version over the 9mm one.


  • QSZ-92: basic variant, which chambers the bottlenecked 5.8x21mm DAP92 ammunition or 9×19mm Parabellum. Its R50 value is smaller than 5 cm, R100 value smaller than 11 cm. Its failure rate is lower than 2 out of 1000 and its lifespan is 3000 rounds.
    • QSZ-92-5.8: Military version for PLA infantry and officer.
    • QSZ-92-9: Police version.
  • QSZ-92G: redesigned variant with improved reliability, ergonomics and under-rail for attachments. barrel life span is increased to 10,000 rounds.
    • QSZ-92G-5.8: Military version.
    • QSZ-92G-9: Police version.
  • CF98: export variant chambering 9×19mm Parabellum with a lifespan of 8000 rounds.[2]
  • NP42: redesigned export variant chambering 9×19mm Parabellum with a lifespan of 10000 rounds, double feed capacity of 15/10 rounds, and a decreased failure rate of 1 out of 1000. Its accuracy has been improved, with a R50 value of smaller than 4 cm and R100 value of less than 9 cm.
  • CS/LP5: compact pistol chambered in 9mm with 7 round magazines and a service life of 8,000 rounds.[3]
    • NP34: same version, except with a service life of 10,000 rounds and sold with 13 round magazines.[4]



  1. Bartocci, Christopher. "CF98: THE NEW CHINESE SERVICE PISTOL". Small Arms Review. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
  2. "Pistol Type CF98_Pistol_Weapon_Products_Jing An". cjaie.com.
  3. "Pistol Type CS/LP5_Pistol_Weapon_Products_Jing An". cjaie.com.
  4. "Pistol Type NP34_Pistol_Weapon_Products_Jing An". cjaie.com.
  5. April, 29; Features, 2014 ·; Profiles, Industry; V6N2; Volume 6. "PLA Infantry Weapons: Small Arms of the World's Largest Army".
  6. Jones, Richard; Ness, Leland S., eds. (2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons: 2009-2010 (35, revised ed.). Jane's Information Group. pp. ???. ISBN 9780710628695.
  7. Holtom, Paul; Pavesi, Irene (December 2018). Trad update 2018: Sub-Saharan Africa in Focus (PDF). Small Arms Survey. p. 69. ISBN 978-2-940548-61-3.

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