QFS (Quick File System) is a filesystem from Oracle. It is tightly integrated with SAM, the Storage and Archive Manager, and hence is often referred to as SAM-QFS. SAM provides the functionality of a hierarchical storage manager.

Full nameQuick File System
Max. file size8 EiB[1]
Max. number of files4.1 billion per filesystem
Supported operating systemsOpenSolaris
Linux (client only)[2]


QFS supports some volume management capabilities, allowing many disks to be grouped together into a file system. File system metadata can be kept on a separate set of disks, which is useful for streaming applications where long disk seeks cannot be tolerated.

SAM extends the QFS file system transparently to archival storage. A SAM-QFS file system may have a relatively small (gigabytes to terabytes) "disk cache" backed by petabytes of tape or other bulk storage. Files are copied to archival storage in the background, and transparently retrieved to disk when accessed. SAM-QFS supports up to four archival copies, each of which can be on disk, tape, optical media, or may be stored at a remote site also running SAM-QFS.

Shared QFS adds a multi-writer global filesystem, allowing multiple machines to read from & write to the same disks concurrently through the use of multi-ported disks or a storage area network. (QFS also has a single-writer/multi-reader mode which can be used to share disks between hosts without the need for a network connection.)


SAM-QFS, originally developed by LSC Inc, was purchased by Sun in 2001. Sun released the SAM-QFS source code to the OpenSolaris project in March 2008.[3] After Sun's acquisition, Oracle continues to develop the SAM-QFS product. Later Oracle renamed SAM-QFS into Oracle HSM (Oracle Hierarchical Storage Manager).[4]


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