Pusey and Jones
The Pusey and Jones Corporation was a major shipbuilder and industrial-equipment manufacturer. Based in Wilmington, Delaware, it operated from 1848 to 1959.
Shipbuilding was the primary focus from 1853 until the end of World War II, when the company converted the shipyard to production of machinery for paper manufacturing. The yard built more than 500 ships, from large cargo vessels to small warships and yachts, including “Volunteer”, the winner of the 1887 America’s Cup.
The company began in 1848, when Joshua L. Pusey and John Jones formed a partnership in Wilmington, Delaware, to run a machine shop in space rented from a whaling company. The shipyard sat between the Christina River and the main line of the Pennsylvania Railroad.
In 1851, Edward Betts and Joshua Seal, who were operating an iron foundry in Wilmington, purchased an interest in the business, and the name of the company became Betts, Pusey, Jones & Seal.
At the beginning of the Civil War the company began building vessels for the U.S. military. The first was a sloop of war, which required immediate expansion of the workforce. The company also built engines and boilers for other shipbuilding firms.
In 1887, the company built the first steel-hulled yacht to win the America’s Cup, "Volunteer".
During World War I, the firm grew to more than 2,000 employees. A second shipyard was added in Gloucester City, New Jersey, which was initially called Pennsylvania Shipbuilding Company but was soon changed to Pusey & Jones. After producing 19 ships, the name was changed to New Jersey Shipbuilding Company. The yard was closed after the war.
After the business slump of the early 1920s, the company reorganized in 1927 under businessman Clement C. Smith, becoming Pusey and Jones Corporation. The company focused on building large luxury steam and motor yachts for wealthy patrons.
As World War II approached, military orders increased. The highest employment was reached during World War II, when more than 3,600 employees worked in the shipyards, plants and offices of the company. Pusey and Jones built 19 Type C1 ships for the U.S. Maritime Commission.
Other craft such as minesweepers were built, along with specialty and smaller vessels. Many commercial and private vessels originally built by the company were also converted to military use.
After World War II, Pusey and Jones converted the shipyard's facilities to manufacture papermaking machinery.
The company closed in 1959.
- CSS Beaufort
- Exodus (ship)
- Gay Head (steamboat) (engines only)
- SS Tarpon (shipwreck)
- State of Pennsylvania (steamboat) and her identical sister ship, the State of Delaware
- T. J. Potter engines only
- Volunteer, launched 1887. Successful defender of the 1887 America's Cup
- United States lightship Nantucket (LV-112)
- United States lightship Portsmouth (LV-101)
- USCGC Mohawk (WPG-78) museum
- USC&GS Explorer (1904)
- USFC Fish Hawk (1880), the first large vessel purpose-built for the promotion of fisheries
- USNS Neptune (ARC-2)
- USNS Albert J. Myer (ARC-6)
- USS Acontius
- USS Alacrity (SP-206)
- USS Albatross (1882)
- USS Anacapa (AG-49)
- USS Aquamarine (PYc-7)
- USS Crystal (PY-25)
- USS Cyrene (AGP-13)
- USS Eider (AM-17)
- USS Galatea (SP-714)
- USS Galaxy (IX-54)
- USS General Putnam (SP-2284)
- USS Indianapolis (ID-3865)
- USS Jamestown (PG-55)
- USS Lydonia (SP-700)
- USS Miantonomah (CMc-5)
- USS Monadnock (ACM-10)
- USS Nokomis (SP-609)
- USS Thrush (AM-18)
- USS Zircon (PY-16)
- Tugs Jane and Marion 1939, for Curtis Bay Towing Company, the first U.S.-built vessels with the patented Yourkevitch hull form and specifically designed to use the Kort nozzle in propulsion.
- Dixon, Stuart Paul (January 1992). "Chap. 4: "THE PUSEY & JONES CO."" (PDF). The Wilmington Waterfront Analysis Area Intensive Level Architectural Survey:. City of Wilmington Office of Planning. p. 171. Retrieved September 18, 2013.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- Pacific Marine Review (1940). "A Weil-Balanced Tug Design—Pusey and Jones Deliver Two Unusual Vessels". Consolidated 1940 issues (January). 'Official Organ: Pacific American Steamship Association/Shipowners' Association of the Pacific Coast: 72. Retrieved 11 September 2014. Cite journal requires
- The Golden Century, Classic Motor Yachts, 1830–1930, by Ross MacTaggart, W. W. Norton & Company, 2001, ISBN 0-393-04949-3
- The City That Launched a Thousand Ships: Shipbuilding in Wilmington, 1644-1997, Richard Urban, Cedar Tree Books, 1999, ISBN 1-892142-06-6
- The American Clyde; a history of iron and steel shipbuilding on the Delaware from 1840 to World War I,by David Budlong Tyler, University of Delaware Press, 1958
- Lane, Frederic Chapin (2001) . Ships for Victory: A History of Shipbuilding under the U.S. Maritime Commission in World War II. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-6752-1. OCLC 45799004.
- Pusey and Jones paper industry website
- List of ships built at the Wilmington shipyard shipbuildinghistory.com
- List of ships built at the Gloucester City shipyard shipbuildinghistory.com
- Wilmington Industrial History by Patrick Harshbarger
- Delaware River Shipyards yorkship.com
- Shipyards and Suppliers for U. S. Maritime Commission During World War II usmm.org
- Ship builders and Owners (list) wrecksite.eu
- Wilmington Strike Ends; Workers Return Today to Pusey & Jones Shipyards New York Times, December 5, 1941
- "Wilmington: Review of 2004 Fall Tour" (PDF). Society for Industrial Archeology Newsletter. 34 (1): 7. Winter 2005.
- Volunteer Americascup.com
- Outboard Profiles of Maritime Commission Vessels, The C1 Cargo Ship, Conversions and Subdesigns
- WWI Standard Built Ships, Shipbuilding Yards
- Photos of Pusey and Jones ships and facilities
- Building the Lydonia II Digital exhibit about a ship built at Pusey and Jones