Purvanchal is a geographic sub-region of northern India that is within the larger Bhojpuri region. Purvanchal is specifically the Bhojpuri-speaking region of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. It comprises the eastern end of Uttar Pradesh and western part of Bihar, where Hindi and Bhojpuri are spoken. It includes some part of Nepal also.The capital of Purvanchal is not fixed yet.

Varanasi in Purvanchal
Location of Purvanchal
StatesUttar Pradesh
LanguageBhojpuri dialect of Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu)

Purvanchal includes historically 6 Mahajanapadas, namely Anga, Kashi, Kosala, Magadha, Malla, and Vajji. Later Anga was annexed by the Magadha king, Bimbisar; Kashi (Varanasi) came under Kosala during reign of Kamsa; and Malla (Gorakhpur) was annexed by Magadh after the death of Gautama Buddha.


The name Purvanchal is derived from two Hindi word Puruv (east) and Anchal (region) which means 'the eastern part of a region' or 'East zone'. Someone consider it as a part of State UP, and most one consider it as a part of nation India. Purvanchal represents region of India in its Eastern Zone.

Modern definition

Purvanchal consists primarily of four divisions: the eastern Awadhi region in the west, the western Bhojpuri region in the east, the Baghelkhand region in the south, and the Nepal region in the north. There is also a demand for separate state of Purvanchal by the people and Gorakhpur or Varanasi as its capital.

Administrative divisions

Major Cities

International airports

  1. Varanasi Airport
  2. Gorakhpur Airport

Local airports

  1. Azamgarh Airstrip
  2. Ballia Airstrip
  3. Maharajganj Airstrip
  4. Renukoot Airstrip
  5. Mirzapur Airstrip
  6. Basti Airstrip
  7. Bhadohi Airstrip


It lies on the Indo-Gangetic plain, and together with western Bihar is the most-densely-populated area in the world. The rich quality of its soil and the high earthworm density in the soil as opposed to adjoining districts of Uttar Pradesh makes the region favourable for agriculture. Most of the countryside is given to intensive agriculture. Bhojpuri is the predominant language or dialect in the region, in addition to Hindi, although Awadhi and Baghelkhandi are also spoken in the western and southern areas. Like Bihar state to the east, a large population, slow economic growth, agricultural mechanisation, and the closure of sugar mills have led to increased unemployment, social and political discontent, and some unrest in the region.


Purvanchal is one of the most ancient regions of India and enjoys a rich heritage and culture, particularly because of its association with cities like Varanasi, Gorakhpur, Azamgarh etc.

A major religious hub in India, it is one of the seven sacred cities (Sapta Puri) in Hinduism and Jainism, and played an important role in the development of Buddhism. Hindu population is 94.73% of total population.

Municipal Board City

  1. Gorakhpur population 1152245(2011)
  2. Varanasi population 14,456,56 (2011)
  3. Mau (Cum Kopaganj and Adri) Nagar Palika population 5,50,000 (2019)
  4. Deoria population 1,30,000(2011)
  5. Gorakhpur municipal is the largest in terms of area 147km2
  6. Varanasi municipal is the second largest, having area 112km2


Banaras Hindu University is a Central University in Purvanchal. It evolved out of the Central Hindu College of Varanasi, set up by Annie Besant — a colorful British woman of Irish descent — who joined hands with Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya in April 1911 for a common Hindu university at Varanasi.

Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi is an Institute of National Importance in Purvanchal. It is one of the 16 prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology. It was established in 1919 by the visionary Mahamana Pandit Mohan Malviya and has been constantly ranked among the top ten technical institutes of India.A state university named Veer Bahadur Singh Purvanchal University was established in the Jaunpur district in the year of 1987 as Purvanchal University,most of the colleges of purvanchal region are affiliated by this university.

Gorakhpur have two universities named Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University and Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology.

Efforts are being made to open the Out Patient Department (OPD) section in AIIMS Gorakhpur in Gorakhpur. AIIMS Gorakhpur is likely to start its 1st batch of MBBS course from 2020.

Gorakhpur have also a medical college named Baba Raghav Das Medical College and Dental college named Purvanchal Dental college. A Government Degree College was set up by the Government of Uttar Pradesh, for providing higher education to scholars who are interested in course work and programs of higher studies. At present, 137 Government Degree Colleges have been established by the state government to fulfill above criteria. The UP government administers, manages and controls these colleges through Department of Higher Education, Uttar Pradesh and follows the norms and regulations of University Grants Commission, New Delhi.

Notable people

Main article: List of people from Purvanchal.

Demand for separate state

There is a demand of separate statehood of Purvanchal by the people of the state.


  1. https://www.timesnownews.com/india/article/uttar-pradesh-op-rajbhar-statehood-purvanchal-liquor-ban-yogi-adityanath-mathura/264413
  2. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/varanasi/athawale-demands-separate-statehood-for-purvanchal- On 19th Sept 2018, the Purvanchal State Movement got National Identity when an activist of "Purvanchal Rajya Janandolan" Vandana Raghuwanshi set a state run Volvo bus on fire when it was ready to move for Lucknow from Roadways Bus Station of PM Narendra Modi constituency Varanasi, responding central government avoidance of running hunger strike of Anuj Rahi Hindustani on its 35th day. vidarbha/articleshow/59504776.cms


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