Punjab Legislative Assembly

The Punjab Legislative Assembly or the Punjab Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral legislature of the state of Punjab in India. At present, it consists of 117 members, directly elected from 117 single-seat constituencies. The tenure of the Legislative Assembly is five years unless dissolved sooner. The current Speaker of the Assembly is Rana K. P. Singh. The meeting place of the Legislative Assembly since 6 March 1961 is the Vidhan Bhavan in Chandigarh.

Punjab Legislative Assembly
15th Legislative Assembly of Punjab
Type
Type
Leadership
Rana Kanwar Pal Singh, INC
since 27 March 2017
Deputy Speaker
Ajaib Singh Bhatti, INC
since 16 June 2017
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Capt. Amarinder Singh, INC
since 16 March 2017
Harpal Singh Cheema, AAP
since 27 July 2018
Deputy Leader of Opposition
Saravjit Kaur Manuke, AAP
since 16 March 2017
Structure
Seats117
Political groups
Government (80)
  •      INC (80)

Opposition (21)

  •      AAP (19)
  •      LIP (2)

Others (16)

  •      SAD (14)
  •      BJP (2)
Length of term
5 years
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
4 February 2017
Meeting place
Vidhan Bhavan, Chandigarh, India
Website
Homepage

History

British Raj

An Executive Council was formed under The Indian Councils Act, 1861. It was only under the Government of India Act 1919 that a Legislative Council was set up in Punjab. Later, under the Government of India Act 1935, the Punjab Legislative Assembly was constituted with a membership of 175. It was summoned for the first time on 1 April 1937. In 1947, Punjab Province was partitioned into West Punjab and East Punjab and the East Punjab Legislative Assembly was formed, the forerunner of the current assembly consisting of 79 members.

1947 – present

On 15 July 1948, eight princely states of East Punjab grouped together to form a single state, Patiala and East Punjab States Union. The Punjab State Legislature was a bicameral house in April 1952, comprising the Vidhan Sabha (lower house) and Vidhan Parishad (upper house). In 1956 the state was reorganised and renamed Punjab, the strength of the Vidhan Parishad of the new State of Punjab was enhanced from 40 seats to 46 seats and in 1957, it was increased to 51. Punjab was trifurcated in 1966 to form Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Punjab. The Vidhan Parishad was reduced to 40 seats and the Vidhan Sabha was grown by 50 seats to 104 seats. On 1 January 1970, the Vidhan Parishad was abolished leaving the state with a unicameral legislature.

Office bearer

Office Holder Portrait Since
Constitutional Posts
Governor V. P. Singh Badnore 22 August 2016
Speaker Rana K. P. Singh 27 March 2017
Deputy Speaker Ajaib Singh Bhatti 16 June 2017
Chief Minister/Leader of the House Amarinder Singh 16 March 2017/24 March 2017
Political Posts
Leader of INC Legislature Party Amarinder Singh 24 March 2017
Leader of AAP Legislature Party/Leader of opposition Harpal Singh Cheema 28 July 2018
Leader of SAD Legislature Party Parminder Singh Dhindsa 4 August 2019
Leader of BJP Legislature Party Dinesh Singh 24 March 2017
Leader of LIP Legislature Party Simarjit Singh Bains 24 March 2017

List of Political Parties Participated in 2017 Elections

Only the political parties are mentioned here which got seats in the assembly are mentioned below along with additional details:[1]   INC (77) ,   AAP (20) ,   SAD (15) ,   BJP (3),   LIP (2)

Rank Party Seats Contested Seats Won Vote % in Seats Contested Votes in %
1Indian National Congress (INC)1177738.5038.50
2Aam Aadmi Party (AAP)1122024.6223.71
3Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD)941530.7825.24
4Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)23329.945.39
5Lok Insaaf Party (LIP)5226.461.22

Members of the Punjab Legislative Assembly elected in 2017, Updated as of 27 August 2019

AC No.ConstituencyName of the Winning Candidate[2]Political PartyVotes secured (Votes in favour)
1SujanpurDinesh SinghBJP48910
2BhoaJoginder PalINC67865
3PathankotAmit VijINC56383
4GurdaspurBarindermeet Singh PahraINC67709
5Dina NagarAruna ChaudharyINC72176
6QadianFatehjang Singh BajwaINC62596
7BatalaLakhbir Singh LodhinangalSAD42517
8Sri HargobindpurBalwinder SinghINC57489
9Fatehgarh ChurianTript Rajinder Singh BajwaINC54348
10Dera Baba NanakSukhjinder Singh RandhawaINC60385
11AjnalaHarpartap SinghINC61378
12Raja SansiSukhbinder Singh SarkariaINC59628
13MajithaBikram Singh MajithiaSAD65803
14JandialaSukhwinder Singh Danny BandalaINC53042
15Amritsar NorthSunil DuttiINC59212
16Amritsar WestRaj Kumar VerkaINC52271
17Amritsar CentralOm Parkash SoniINC51242
18Amritsar EastNavjot Singh SidhuINC60477
19Amritsar SouthInderbir Singh BolariaINC47581
20AttariTarsem Singh D.C.INC55335
21Tarn TaranDr. Dharambir AgnihotriINC59794
22Khem KaranSukhpal Singh BhullarINC81897
23PattiHarminder Singh GillINC64617
24Khadoor SahibRamanjeet Singh Sahota SikkiINC64666
25Baba BakalaSantokh SinghINC45965
26BholathSukhpal Singh Khaira (resigned on 25 April 2019)AAP48873
27KapurthalaRana Gurjit SinghINC56378
28Sultanpur LodhiNavtej Singh CheemaINC41843
29PhagwaraSom Parkash (resigned on 3 June 2019)BJP45479
29Phagwara(Bypoll in Oct 2019) BS DhaliwalINC
30PhillaurBaldev Singh KhairaSAD41336
31NakodarGurpratap Singh WadalaSAD56241
32ShahkotAjit Singh Kohar (died on 4 February 2018)SAD46913
32ShahkotHardev Singh Ladi (bypoll in May 2018)INC82745
33KartarpurChaudhary Surinder SinghINC46729
34Jalandhar WestSushil Kumar RinkuINC53983
35Jalandhar CentralRajinder BeriINC55518
36Jalandhar NorthAvtar Singh JuniorINC69715
37Jalandhar Cantt.Pargat Singh PowarINC59349
38AdampurPawan Kumar TinuSAD45229
39MukerianRajnish Kumar Babbi (Died on 27 August 2019)INC56787
39Mukerian(bypoll in October 2019) Indu BalaINC
40DasuyaArun DograINC56527
41UrmarSangat Singh GilzianINC51477
42Sham ChaurasiPawan Kumar AdiaINC46612
43HoshiarpurSunder Sham AroraINC49951
44ChabbewalDr. Raj KumarINC57857
45GarhshankarJai KrishanAAP41720
46Banga (SC)Sukhwinder KumarSAD45256
47NawanshahrAngad SinghINC38197
48BalachaurDarshan LalINC49558
49Anandpur SahibKanwar Pal SinghINC60800
50RupnagarAmarjit Singh Sandoa (resigned on 5 May 2019)AAP58994
51Chamkaur SahibCharanjit Singh ChanniINC61060
52KhararKanwar SandhuAAP54171
53S.A.S. NagarBalbir Singh SidhuINC66844
54Bassi PathanaGurpreet SinghINC47319
55Fatehgarh SahibKuljit Singh NagraINC58205
56AmlohRandeep SinghINC39669
57KhannaGurkirat Singh KotliINC55690
58SamralaAmrik Singh DhillonINC51930
59SahnewalSharanjit Singh DhillonSAD63184
60Ludhiana EastSanjeev TalwarINC43010
61Ludhiana SouthBalvinder Singh BainsLIP53955
62Atam NagarSimarjeet Singh BainsLIP53421
63Ludhiana CentralSurinder Kumar DawarINC47871
64Ludhiana WestBharat Bhushan AshuINC66627
65Ludhiana NorthRakesh PandeyINC44864
66GillKuldeep Singh VaidINC67927
67PayalLakhvir Singh LakhaINC57776
68DakhaHarvinder Singh Phoolka (resigned on 12 October 2018)AAP58923
68DakhaManpreet Singh Ayali (bypoll in October 2019) ({{{1}}})SAD
69RaikotJagtar Singh Jagga HissowalAAP48245
70JagraonSaravjit Kaur ManukeAAP61521
71Nihal SinghwalaManjit SinghAAP67313
72Bhagha PuranaDarshan Singh BrarINC48668
73MogaHarjot Kamal SinghINC52357
74DharamkotSukhjit SinghINC63238
75ZiraKulbir SinghINC69899
76Firozpur CityParminder Singh PinkiINC67559
77Firozpur RuralSatkar KaurINC71037
78Guru Har SahaiGurmeet Singh SodhiINC62787
79JalalabadSukhbir Singh Badal (resigned due to becoming MP from Ferozpur on May 2017)
79Jalalabad(bypoll in October 2019)Raminder Singh AwlaINC76098
80FazilkaDavinder Singh GhubayaINC39276
81AboharArun NarangBJP55091
82BalluanaNathu RamINC25266
83LambiParkash SinghSAD66375
84GidderbahaAmrinder Singh alias Raja WarringINC63500
85MaloutAjaib Singh BhattiINC49098
86MuktsarKanwarjit SinghSAD44894
87FaridkotKushaldeep Singh DhillonINC51026
88KotkapuraKultar Singh SandhwanAAP47401
89JaitoBaldev Singh (resigned on 15 January 2019AAP45344
90Rampura PhulGurpreet Singh KangarINC55269
91Bhucho MandiPritam Singh KotbhaiINC51605
92Bathinda UrbanManpreet Singh BadalINC63942
93Bathinda RuralRupinder Kaur RubyAAP51572
94Talwandi SaboProf. Baljinder KaurAAP54553
95MaurJagdev Singh KamaluAAP62282
96MansaNazar Singh Manshahia (resigned on 25 April 2019)AAP70586
97SardulgarhDilraj SinghSAD59420
98BudhladaProf. Budh RamAAP52265
99LehraParminder Singh DhindsaSAD65550
100DirbaHarpal Singh CheemaAAP46434
101SunamAman AroraAAP72815
102BhadaurPirmal Singh DhaulaAAP57095
103BarnalaGurmeet Singh alias Meet HayerAAP47606
104Mehal KalanKulwant Singh PandoriAAP57551
105MalerkotlaRazia SultanaINC58982
106AmargarhSurjit Singh DhimanINC50994
107DhuriDalvir Singh GoldyINC49347
108SangrurVijay Inder SinglaINC67310
109NabhaSadhu SinghINC60861
110Patiala RuralBrahm MohindraINC68891
111RajpuraHardial Singh KambojINC59107
112Dera BassiNarinder Kumar SharmaSAD70792
113GhanaurThekedar Madan Lal JalalpurINC65965
114SanourHarinder Pal Singh ChandumajraSAD58867
115PatialaAmarinder SinghINC72586
116SamanaRajinder SinghINC62551
117ShutranaNirmal SinghINC58008

Council of Lieutenant Governor of Punjab (1897-1920)

Council
(Tenure)
Presided by Tenure
(Presiding dates)[3]
1st
(1 November 1898 – 3 July 1909)
William Mackworth Young 1 November 1897 – 28 February 1902
Charles Montgomery Rivaz 10 November 1902 – 28 February 1907
Denzil Charles Jelf Ibbetson 29 July 1905
5 August 1905
Louis William Dane 3 July 1909
2nd
(3 January 1910 – 14 December 1912)
12 March 1910 – 14 December 1912
3rd
(4 January 1913 – 19 April 1916)
4 January 1913 – 18 April 1913
Michael Francis O'Dwyer 19 September 1913 – 19 April 1916
4th
(12 June 1916 – 6 April 1920)
12 June 1916 – 7 April 1919
Edward Douglas Maclagan 10 November 1919 – 6 April 1920
Harbert John Maynard
(vice-president)
21 November 1918 – 12 December 1918

Punjab Legislative Council (1921-1936)

President

Council
(Tenure)
Name Tenure[3] Governor
1st
(8 January 1921 – 27 October 1923)
Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler 8 January 1921 21 March 1922 Edward Douglas Maclagan
Herbert Alexander Casson 10 May 1922 27 October 1923
2nd
(2 January 1924 – 27 October 1926)
2 January 1924 16 January 1925 Edward Douglas Maclagan and William Malcolm Hailey
Sheikh Abdul Qadir 16 January 1925 4 September 1925
Shahab-ud-Din Virk 3 December 1925 27 October 1926
3rd
(3 January 1927 – 26 July 1930)
4 January 1927 26 July 1930 William Malcolm Hailey and G. F. Montmorency
4th
(24 October 1930 – 10 November 1936)
25 October 1930 24 July 1936 G. F. Montmorency, Sikandar Hayat Khan and Herbert William Emerson
Chhotu Ram 20 October 1936 10 November 1936

Deputy President

Council Name Tenure
1st Sardar Mehtab Singh 23 February 1921 24 October 1921
Manohar Lal 3 November 1921 27 October 1923
2nd Sheikh Abdul Qadir 5 January 1924 16 January 1925
Mohinder Singh 5 March 1925 27 October 1926
3rd Buta Singh 5 January 1927 21 July 1927
Habibullah 21 July 1927 26 July 1930
4th Harbaksh Singh 8 November 1930 17 January 1931
Buta Singh 2 March 1931 10 November 1936

Previous Results

Pre-Independence

Year Others Total
UoP INC SAD AIML IND
1937 95 18 10 1 20 30 175
1946 20 51 22 73 7 2

Post-Independence

Years Others Total
INC SAD AAP BJP IND
1952 96 13 ~ ~ 9 8 126
1957 120 ^ 13 21 154
1962 90 19 18 27
1967 48 ^ 9 47 104
1969 38 43 4 17
1972 66 24 3 11
1977 17 58 2 40 117
1980 63 37 1 2 14
1985 32 73 6 4 2
1992 87 ^ 6 4 20
1997 14 75 18 6 4
2002 62 41 3 9 2
2007 44 48 19 5 0 116
2012 46 56 12 3 0 117
2017 77 15 20 3 0 2
  • ^ - Party didn't contest election
  • ~ - Party didn't exist
  • - Green color box indicates the party/parties who formed the government
  • - Red color box indicates the official opposition party

Previous Assemblies

Assembly Tenure Party formed government Note
First sitting Date of dissolution
Pre-Independence
1 5 April 1937 19 March 1945 Unionist Party Assembly tenure extended due to World War II
2 21 March 1946 4 July 1947 Assembly dissolved prematurely due to Partition
After Independence
- 1 November 1947 20 June 1951 Indian National Congress Interim Assembly
1 3 May 1952 31 March 1957
2 24 April 1957 1 March 1962
3 13 March 1962 28 February 1967 Assembly under suspension from 5 July 1966 to 1 November 1966
4 20 March 1967 23 August 1968 Akali Dal - Sant Fateh Singh Assembly dissolved prematurely
5 13 March 1969 13 June 1971 Shiromani Akali Dal Assembly dissolved prematurely
6 21 March 1972 30 April 1977 Indian National Congress Assembly tenure extended by one month due to Emergency
7 30 June 1977 17 February 1980 Shiromani Akali Dal Assembly dissolved prematurely
8 23 June 1980 26 June 1985 Indian National Congress (Indira) Assembly under suspension from 6 October 1983
9 14 October 1985 11 May 1987 Shiromani Akali Dal Assembly dissolved prematurely
10 16 March 1992 11 February 1997 Indian National Congress (Indira) -
11 3 March 1997 26 February 2002 Shiromani Akali Dal
12 21 March 2002 27 February 2007 Indian National Congress
13 1 March 2007 6 March 2012 Shiromani Akali Dal
14 19 March 2012 11 March 2017
15 24 March 2017 till now Indian National Congress

State Under Governor or President's rule

S. No. Governor or
President Rule
Tenure Reason
Before Independence
1 Governor's Rule 19 March 1945 21 March 1946 1 year, 2 days To conduct fresh and Impartial election
2 Governor's Rule 2 March 1947 15 August 1947 166 days Government resigned against the decision of Partition of India
After Independence
1 President's rule 20 June 1951 17 April 1952 302 days Pandit Nehru kept the Punjab Assembly in suspension to help the state Congress government get its act together.
2 President's rule 5 July 1966 1 November 1966 119 days State administration was taken over, ostensibly to facilitate bifurcation of Punjab state into two, Punjab and Haryana
3 President's rule 23 August 1968 17 February 1969 178 days Break-up of coalition
4 President's rule 14 June 1971 17 March 1972 277 days Following poor performance in March 1971 Lok Sabha Elections, incumbent Chief Minister advised dissolving state assembly and holding fresh elections to state legislature.
5 President's rule 30 April 1977 20 June 1977 51 days To conduct the fresh election after Emergency in India
6 President's rule 17 February 1980 6 June 1980 110 days Government dismissed in spite of Parkash Singh Badal enjoying majority support in Assembly
7 President's rule 6 October 1983 29 September 1985 1 year, 358 days Insurgency and breakdown of law and order
8 President's rule 11 June 1987 25 February 1992 4 years, 259 days Insurgency and breakdown of law and order

Interim Assembly

See also

References

  1. "List of Political Parties Participated". Election Commission of India.
  2. "punjab.gov.in".
  3. The Punjab Parliamentarians 1897-2013, Provincial Assembly of the Punjab, Lahore - Pakistan, 2015
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