Pueblo // is a home rule municipality that is the county seat and the most populous city of Pueblo County, Colorado, United States. The population was 106,595 in 2010 census, making it the 267th most populous city in the United States and the 9th largest in Colorado. Pueblo is the heart of the Pueblo Metropolitan Statistical Area, totaling over 160,000 people and an important part of the Front Range Urban Corridor. As of 2014, Pueblo is the primary city of the Pueblo–Cañon City combined statistical area (CSA) totaling approximately 208,000 people, making it the 134th largest in the nation.
Arkansas River Walk in Pueblo
Home of Heroes, Steel City
Location of Pueblo in Pueblo County, Colorado.
Location within Colorado
Location within the United States
|Coordinates: 38°16′1″N 104°37′13″W|
|County||Pueblo – county seat|
|Incorporated||November 15, 1885|
|• Type||Home Rule Municipality|
|• Body||Pueblo City Council|
|• Mayor||Nick Gradisar|
|• Total||54.38 sq mi (140.84 km2)|
|• Land||53.59 sq mi (138.80 km2)|
|• Water||0.79 sq mi (2.03 km2)|
|Elevation||4,692 ft (1,430 m)|
|• Density||2,057.98/sq mi (794.59/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−07:00 (MST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−06:00 (MDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0204798|
Pueblo is situated at the confluence of the Arkansas River and Fountain Creek, 112 miles (180 km) south of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. The area is considered semi-arid desert land, with approximately 12 inches (304.80 mm) of precipitation annually. With its location in the "Banana Belt", Pueblo tends to get less snow than the other major cities in Colorado.
Pueblo is one of the largest steel-producing cities in the United States, for which reason Pueblo is referred to as the "Steel City". The Historic Arkansas River Project (HARP) is a river walk in the Union Avenue Historic Commercial District, and shows the history of the devastating Pueblo Flood of 1921.
Pueblo has the least expensive residential real estate of all major cities in Colorado. The median home price for homes on the market in Pueblo is $192,500 as of April 2018 It is the sixth most affordable place to live in America as measured by the 2014 Cost of Living Index. Costs of housing, goods and services, utilities, transportation, groceries and health care are lower than the national average. Pueblo was listed by AARP in 2013 as one of the best affordable places to live.
James Beckwourth, George Simpson, and other trappers such as Mathew Kinkead, claimed to have helped construct the plaza that became known as El Pueblo around 1842. According to accounts of residents who traded at the plaza (including that of George Simpson), the Fort Pueblo Massacre happened sometime between December 23 and December 25, 1854, by a war party of Utes and Jicarilla Apaches under the leadership of Tierra Blanca, a Ute chief. They allegedly killed between fifteen and nineteen men, as well as captured two children and one woman. The trading post was abandoned after the raid, but it became important again between 1858 and 1859 during the Colorado Gold Rush of 1859.
Pueblo's early development: railroads, steel, expansion, and orphanages
The current city of Pueblo represents the consolidation of four towns: Pueblo (incorporated 1870), South Pueblo (incorporated 1873), Central Pueblo (incorporated 1882), and Bessemer (incorporated 1886). Pueblo, South Pueblo, and Central Pueblo legally consolidated as the City of Pueblo between March 9 and April 6, 1886. Bessemer joined Pueblo in 1894.
The consolidated city became a major economic and social center of Colorado, and was home to important early Colorado families such as the Thatchers, the Ormans, and the Adams. By the early 1870s the city was being hailed as a beacon of development, with newspapers like the Chicago Tribune boasting of how the region's lawless reputation was giving way to orderly agriculture with triumphalist rhetoric. One author crowed of Pueblo that "the necessity exists no longer for Sharp's rifles and revolvers. These have been supplied by the plow and the mowing-machine."
Until a series of major floods culminated in the Great Flood of 1921, Pueblo was considered the 'Saddle-Making capital of the World'. Roughly one-third of Pueblo's downtown businesses were lost in this flood, along with a substantial number of buildings. Pueblo struggled with this significant loss, but has had a resurgence in growth.
Pueblo's orphanages were an influential part of the city. The transformations that have occurred throughout the three orphanages in the town of Pueblo, Colorado are important aspects of the city's history. Historically, many people were influenced by the Orphanages of Pueblo, Colorado and the homes are now all historical sites. The transformations have occurred architecturally and economically within the people from then to now. The three orphanages in Pueblo were known as Sacred Heart, Lincoln, and McClelland. Lincoln was the first historically black orphanage in Colorado, and one of only seven in the country. Sacred Heart was run by the Catholic Welfare Bureau, while McClelland was run by the Lutheran Church. Several children from Cuba were placed at Sacred Heart as part of "Operation Pedro Pan". Though the Orphanages in Pueblo are no longer in service, the buildings still exist and have transformed with the times. According to the Rocky Mountain News, in 1988 the Sacred Heart Orphanage was bought by the Pueblo Housing Authority and turned into 40 small-family housing units.
The main industry in Pueblo for most of its history was the Colorado Fuel and Iron (CF&I) Steel Mill on the south side of town. For nearly a century the CF&I was the largest employer in the state of Colorado. The steel-market crash of 1982 led to the decline of the company. After several bankruptcies, the company was acquired by Oregon Steel Mills and changed its name to Rocky Mountain Steel Mills. The company was plagued with labor problems, mostly due to accusations of unfair labor practices. This culminated with a major strike in 1997, leading to most of the workforce being replaced.
In September 2004, both United Steelworkers locals 2102 and 3267 won the strike and the unfair labor practice charges. All of the striking steel workers returned to their jobs, and the company paid them the back pay owed for the seven years they were on strike. In 2007, shortly after Oregon Steel made amends with the union and its workers, Evraz Group, one of Russia's biggest steel producers, agreed to buy the company for $2.3 billion.
Of the many production and fabrication mills that once existed on the site, only the steel production (electric furnaces, used for scrap recycling), rail, rod, bar, and seamless tube mills are still in operation. The wire mill was sold in the late 1990s to Davis Wire, which still produces products such as fence and nails under the CF&I brand name.
The facility operated blast furnaces until 1982, when the steel market collapsed. The main blast furnace structures were torn down in 1989, but due to asbestos content, many of the adjacent stoves still remain. The stoves and foundations for some of the furnaces can be seen from Interstate 25, which runs parallel to the plant's west boundary.
Several of the administration buildings, including the main office building, dispensary, and tunnel gatehouse were purchased in 2003 by the Bessemer Historical Society. In 2006, they underwent renovation. In addition to housing the historic CF&I Archives, they also house the Steelworks Museum of Industry and Culture.
"Melting Pot of the West"
Due to the growth of the CF&I steel mill and the employment that it offered, Pueblo in the early twentieth century attracted a large number of immigrant laborers. The groups represented led to Pueblo becoming the most ethnically and culturally diverse city in Colorado and the West. At one point, more than 40 languages were spoken in the steel mill and more than two-dozen foreign language newspapers were published in the city. Irish, Italian, German, Slovenian, Greek, Jewish, Lithuanian, Russian, Hungarian, Japanese, and African-American groups arrived in the area at the turn of the century and remain to the present time. The convergence of cultures led to a cosmopolitan character to the city that resulted in a number of ethnically-rooted neighborhoods that are typically not seen west of the Mississippi. Respective cultural groups maintain cultural festivals to the present, with the city being home to locations of the Order Sons of Italy, American Slovenian Catholic Union, and I.O.O.F., among others.
Colorado Mental Health Institute at Pueblo
Another major employer in Pueblo is the Colorado State Hospital. The hospital is the preeminent mental health facility in the Rocky Mountain region. Established in 1879 as the Colorado State Insane Asylum, it was renamed as the Colorado State Hospital in 1917. In 1991, the name was changed to the Colorado Mental Health Institute at Pueblo (CMHIP). The Robert L. Hawkins High Security Forensic Institute opened in June 2009 and is a 200-bed, high-security facility.
Home of Heroes
Pueblo is the hometown of four Medal of Honor recipients (more than any other municipality in the United States) - William J. Crawford, Carl L. Sitter, Raymond G. Murphy, and Drew D. Dix. President Dwight D. Eisenhower upon presenting Raymond G. "Jerry" Murphy with his medal in 1953 commented, "What is it... something in the water out there in Pueblo? All you guys turn out to be heroes!"
In 1993, Pueblo City Council adopted the tagline "Home of Heroes" for the city due to the fact that Pueblo can claim more recipients of the Medal per capita than any other city in the United States. On July 1, 1993, the Congressional Record recognized Pueblo as the "Home of Heroes." A memorial to the recipients of the medal is at the Pueblo Convention Center. Central High School is known as the "School of Heroes," as it is the alma mater of two recipients, Sitter and Crawford.
Pueblo is located at 38°16′1″N 104°37′13″W (38.266933, −104.620393).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 45.4 square miles (117.6 km2), of which, 45.1 square miles (116.8 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) is water (99.34% and 0.66% respectively).
Pueblo sits on western edge of the Great Plains in a high desert area of terrain in southern Colorado and is near the western edge of the Southwestern Tablelands ecology region. Pueblo has a steppe climate (Köppen BSk), with four distinct seasons. Winter days are usually mild, but the high does not surpass freezing on an average 15.3 days per year, and lows fall to 0 °F (−18 °C) or below on 7.8 nights. Snowfall usually falls in light amounts, and due to the high altitude, and the accompanying stronger sun, rarely remains on the ground for long (typically, for one or two days). January is the snowiest month, followed by March, and the seasonal average is 31.8 inches (81 cm); however, snow is uncommon in October, and in May or September, snow is exceedingly rare, with an average first and last date of measurable (≥0.1 in or 0.25 cm) snowfall being November 6 and April 13, respectively. Summers are hot and dry, with 90 °F (32 °C) or greater highs are on average seen 66.7 days per year, with 100 °F (38 °C) or greater on 10.2 days. Diurnal temperature ranges are large throughout the year, averaging 33.4 °F (18.6 °C).
Precipitation is generally low, with the winter months receiving very little. Sunshine is abundant throughout the year, with an annual total of nearly 3470, or 78% of the possible total. Pueblo is considered a high desert climate, and sits on the desert lands in southern Colorado between Pueblo and the Royal Gorge.
|Climate data for Pueblo, Colorado (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1888–present)|
|Record high °F (°C)||81
|Mean maximum °F (°C)||70.0
|Average high °F (°C)||47.0
|Average low °F (°C)||14.0
|Mean minimum °F (°C)||−4.6
|Record low °F (°C)||−29
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.35
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||6.5
|Average precipitation days||4.0||3.7||6.3||6.6||7.9||7.1||9.1||9.5||5.6||4.1||3.9||4.1||71.9|
|Average snowy days||4.2||3.5||3.9||2.0||0.3||0||0||0||0.2||0.6||2.7||4.3||21.7|
|Average relative humidity (%)||57.1||52.1||48.7||43.5||44.6||44.9||49.3||51.5||50.2||47.0||57.1||56.6||50.2|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||231.0||227.3||284.0||315.1||344.2||360.0||358.8||336.8||298.7||275.5||219.7||210.7||3,461.8|
|Percent possible sunshine||76||75||77||80||78||81||80||80||80||79||72||71||78|
|Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 102,121 people, 40,307 households, and 26,118 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,265.5 people per square mile (874.6/km2). There were 43,121 housing units at an average density of 956.6 per square mile (369.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.21% White, 2.41% African American, 1.73% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 15.20% from other races, and 3.71% from two or more races. Latinos made up 44.13% of the population. 10.1% were of German, 8.1% Italian, 6.0% American, 5.5% English and 5.4% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.
According to the 2005 Census estimates, the city had grown to an estimated population of 104,951 and had become the ninth most populous city in the state of Colorado and the 245th most populous city in the United States.
There were 40,307 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,650, and the median income for a family was $35,620. Males had a median income of $29,702 versus $22,197 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,026. About 13.9% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.3% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 census, the population of Pueblo was 106,544 (259th most populous U.S. city), the population of the Pueblo Metropolitan Statistical Area was 159,063 (190th most populous MSA), the population of the Pueblo–Cañon City, CO Combined Statistical Area was 205,887, the population of the South Central Colorado Urban Area was 851,500, and the population of the Front Range Urban Corridor in Colorado was an estimated 4,166,855.
As of the April 2010 census the racial makeup of the city was: 75.2% White, 2.5% Black or African American, 2.2% American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 4.1% Two or More Races. Hispanic or Latino (of any race) were 49.8% and Non-Hispanic Whites were 45.2% of the population.
Economy and renewable energy
Pueblo is the home of the Federal Citizen Information Center, operated by the General Services Administration, and its Consumer Information Catalog. For over 30 years, public service announcements invited Americans to write for information at "Pueblo, Colorado, 81009". In recent times GSA has incorporated Pueblo into FCIC's toll-free telephone number.
Vestas Wind Systems has constructed the largest (nearly 700,000 square feet) wind turbine tower manufacturing plant in the world at Pueblo's industrial park.
Renewable Energy Systems Americas broke ground on the Comanche Solar Project seven miles south of Pueblo in 2015. When complete, it will be the largest solar energy farm east of the Rocky Mountains, and its backers say the project will produce electricity more cheaply than natural gas. The project will cover 1,000 acres with 500,000 solar panels, providing a capacity of 156 megawatts of power—enough to supply 31,000 homes. The project will be run by SunEdison, with a power purchase agreement signed by Xcel Energy. A number of scientific studies now list Pueblo as the state's primary locale for solar energy development and the premier setting for solar companies to locate, placing it ahead of regional rivals such as Boulder, Colorado and Taos, New Mexico.
In February 2017, Pueblo City Council voted to commit the city to 100% renewable energy by the year 2035, with the city's electric franchisee, Black Hills Energy, expected to ramp up its renewable energy portfolio from 29% to 65%. Pueblo County commissioners joined the renewable commitment in April 2018.
- Top employers
|#||Employer||# of employees|
|1||Parkview Medical Center||2,900|
|2||Pueblo City Schools||1,840|
|3||Colorado Mental Health Institute at Pueblo||1,200|
|5||Pueblo County School District 70||1,101|
|7||Evraz Steel Mills||979|
|9||St. Mary-Corwin Medical Center||934|
|10||City of Pueblo||733|
*Includes all stores and management in Pueblo County
Arts and culture
Pueblo is the home to Colorado's largest single event, the Colorado State Fair, held annually in the late summer, and the largest parade, the state fair parade, as well as an annual Chile & Frijoles Festival.
- Rosemount Museum
- Sangre de Cristo Arts and Conference Center
- Buell Children's Museum
- Pueblo Convention Center
- Pueblo Memorial Hall
- City Park Carousel
- El Pueblo History Museum
- Lake Pueblo State Park
- Nature and Raptor Center of Pueblo
- Pueblo Ice Arena
- Pueblo Zoo
- Steelworks Museum managed by the Steelworks Center of the West
- Union Avenue Historic Commercial District
- Weisbrod Aircraft Museum
- Pueblo City-County Library District
Pueblo is the hometown of Dutch Clark, the first man from Colorado inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame as well as the Colorado Sports Hall of Fame.The primary football stadium belonging to Pueblo City Schools is named for him. Two long-standing high school rivalries are played annually at this stadium. The Bell Game has been played annually since 1892 between the Central Wildcats and the Centennial Bulldogs in what is touted as the oldest football rivalry west of the Mississippi River.
In 2008, Professional Bull Riders (PBR) moved its corporate headquarters to Pueblos this became the site of their world headquarters based at the Historic Arkansas River Project. located bordering the Union Avenue Historic Commercial District.
Pueblo is a state-chartered municipal corporation, previously governed by its city council without the office of mayor and administered by a city manager. In 2017 voters passed Question 2A changing the city charter to a strong-mayor form of city government known as "Mayor-Council Government". Only two other cities in the state of Colorado use the strong-mayor form of government, Denver and Colorado Springs. In 2018 an election was held for mayor for the first time in over sixty years, due to none of the sixteen candidates getting more than fifty percent of the vote, a runoff was required to decide the winner. In January 2019 attorney Nicholas Gradisar faced former Pueblo City Council President Steve Nawrocki, Gradisar prevailed and was sworn in as mayor on the first of February for a term of five years, with all subsequent mayoral terms being four years and a maximum of two consecutive terms.
The deputy mayor is selected by the mayor and must be confirmed by a vote of the city council, the deputy mayor serves a term of one year. According to the city charter, the deputy mayor must be a city department head.
Pueblo is included in Colorado's 3rd Congressional District in the U.S. House of Representatives, and is currently represented by Republican Scott Tipton. Pueblo is also included in the 3rd District of the Colorado State Senate, currently represented by Democrat Leroy Garcia; and District 46 of the Colorado State House currently represented by Democrat Daneya Esgar.
The Pueblo Police Department is led by Chief Troy Davenport. The crime rate in Pueblo is higher than the national average. In 2005, Pueblo reported 13 murders, 22 rapes, 162 robberies, 489 assaults, 1,525 burglaries, 4,978 larceny thefts, and 478 auto thefts. In 2011, Pueblo reported 12 murders, 40 rapes, 173 robberies, 606 assaults, 1,590 burglaries, 3,434 larceny thefts, and 470 auto thefts.
Pueblo is home to Colorado State University–Pueblo (CSU–Pueblo), a regional comprehensive university. It is part of the Colorado State University System (CSU System), with about 6,000 students. On May 8, 2007, CSU–Pueblo received approval from the Board of Governors of the Colorado State University System to bring back football as a member of the Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference. The first game was played in the fall of 2008 at the ThunderBowl, a stadium at CSU–Pueblo for over 12,000 spectators. In 2014, the football team won the NCAA Division II Football Championship.
Pueblo Community College (PCC) is a two-year, public, comprehensive community college, one of thirteen community colleges within the Colorado Community College System (CCCS). It operates three campuses serving a widely dispersed eight-county region in Southern Colorado. The main campus is located in Pueblo and serves Pueblo County. The Fremont Campus is located approximately 35 miles (56 km) west of Pueblo in Cañon City and serves Fremont and Custer Counties. The Southwest Campus, 280 miles (450 km) southwest of Pueblo, serves Montezuma, Dolores, La Plata, San Juan, and Archuleta counties. PCC is a Hispanic Serving Institution as designated by the Federal Government. Approximately 5,000 students attend PCC per semester.
Primary and secondary education
Centennial High School was founded north of downtown on Eleventh Street in 1876, the year Colorado entered the Union. Centennial was rebuilt on a new site to the northwest in 1973. Central High School was founded in Bessemer in 1882. Central's present campus on East Orman Avenue was built in 1906 and expanded in the early 1970s. Its original building still stands four blocks away on East Pitkin Avenue. South High School and East High School were built in the late 1950s to accommodate the Baby Boomer generation. Pueblo County High School, east of the city in Vineland, serves rural residents. Rye High School is in a foothills town southwest of Pueblo. Pueblo West High School is located in the northwestern suburb of Pueblo West.
Pueblo Catholic High School closed in 1971. Its building became Roncalli middle school in the early 1970s. By 1975 all Catholic schools in Pueblo (under the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pueblo) had closed. As of 2017 there are two Catholic grade schools in Pueblo: St. John Neumann Catholic School and St. Therese Catholic School.
Dolores Huerta Preparatory High School was founded in 2004, and relocated to its current building in 2007. It features the only Early College Program in Pueblo recognized by the State of Colorado, where many students graduate with their associate degree from Pueblo Community College while also earning credit from Colorado State University–Pueblo. Other Pueblo area high schools include Southern Colorado Early College, School of Engineering and Biomedical Science (formerly Pueblo Technical Academy), Parkhill Christian Academy and the Health Academy.
- Thrifty Nickel
- The Pueblo Chieftain
- CSU–Pueblo TODAY
- PULP News Magazine
- Senior Beacon
The Pueblo radio market includes all of Pueblo County. In its Fall 2013 ranking of radio markets by population, Arbitron ranked the Pueblo market 238th in the United States. Six AM and 15 FM radio stations broadcast from or are licensed to the city.
The Colorado Springs–Pueblo market is the 90th largest television market in the United States.
Local and regional buses
The City of Pueblo operates Pueblo Transit. Greyhound Lines provides bus service towards Denver, Colorado; Amarillo, Texas; Albuquerque, New Mexico. Regional bus service to La Junta, Lamar as well as Colorado Springs is provided by the CDOT operated Bustang.
Long distance rail
Freight service is provided by BNSF and Union Pacific. There is currently no intercity passenger service directly into Pueblo. Amtrak's Southwest Chief stops in La Junta (Amtrak station) (64 miles to the east of Pueblo) twice each day and provides passenger rail service towards Los Angeles and Chicago. An Amtrak study in 2016 floated the idea of rerouting the Southwest Chief from Trinidad in the south, to Pueblo and then east, back to the existing Southwest Chief route in La Junta. The study projected that a new stop in Colorado Springs would gain as many as 14,000 new riders, and would pull in about $1.45 million in ticket revenue. Pueblo itself last had intercity passenger service in 1967 with the Denver to Dallas Texas Zephyr, run by the Colorado & Southern Railway and the Fort Worth & Denver Railway (both subsidiaries of the Burlington Route).
The local airport, Pueblo Memorial Airport, lies to the east of the city. It is home to the Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum (named for Fred Weisbrod, late city manager), reflecting the airport's beginnings as an Army Air Corps base in 1943. There is a general aviation field just west of Pueblo West/Penrose.
- Pueblo Memorial Airport
- Pueblo Historical Aircraft Society
- Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum
- Fremont County Airport
SkyWest Airlines under the flag of United Express services southern Colorado with non-stop daily flights from Pueblo Memorial Airport to Denver International Airport utilizing Bombardier's CRJ-200 aircraft.
- Alva Adams, served as the fifth, tenth, and fourteenth Governor of Colorado, from 1887 to 1889, 1897 to 1899, and briefly in 1905
- Alva Blanchard Adams, served as United States Senator from Colorado, 1923–1925 and 1933–1941. Son of Alva Adams
- Gordon L. Allott, served as United States Senator from Colorado, 1955–1973. Lieutenant Governor of Colorado, 1950-1955
- Thomas M. Bowen, United States Senator from Colorado, 1883-1889, Governor of Idaho Territory, 1871, Arkansas Supreme Court Justice, 1867-1871
- David Courtney Coates, Lieutenant Governor of Colorado, founding member of the Industrial Workers of the World
- Frank Evans, U.S. Representative from Colorado, 1965-1979
- Thomas T. Farley, Colorado state legislator and lawyer
- Joseph A. Garcia, 48th and current Lieutenant Governor of Colorado, since January 2011. Former President of Colorado State University–Pueblo.
- Simon Guggenheim, U.S. Senator from Colorado, 1907–1913
- Asma Gull Hasan, political pundit
- Walter Walford Johnson, 32nd Governor of Colorado, 1950–1951
- Raymond P. Kogovsek, U.S. Representative from Colorado, 1979–1985
- John Andrew Martin, U.S. Representative from Colorado, 1909-1913, 1933-1939
- Bat Masterson, iconic figure of American West, sheriff of South Pueblo
- James Bradley Orman, twelfth Governor of Colorado, serving 1901–1903
- Jim Parco, former United States Air Force lieutenant colonel. Leading critic in the religious intolerance crisis at the United States Air Force Academy
- John Perko, Division of Correction Director who helped draft and spearhead legislation which establish the present day Colorado Department of Corrections
- Dana Perino, White House Press Secretary in 2007–2009, graduated from Colorado State University–Pueblo in 1994
- Frederick Walker Pitkin, served as second Governor of Colorado, from 1879 to 1883
- John E. Rickards, first Lieutenant Governor of Montana and second Governor of Montana
- Fitch Robertson, Mayor of Berkeley, California from 1943 to 1947
- Ray Herbert Talbot, 26th Lieutenant Governor of Colorado, from 1932 to 1937. 27th Governor of Colorado, 1937
- Hubert Work, served as 47th United States Postmaster General, 1922 to 1923. Later served as 29th United States Secretary of the Interior, 1923 to 1928
- Kent Haruf, novelist, was born in Pueblo
- Kelo Henderson, actor, starred with Tristram Coffin on 26 Men, a syndicated Western television series during the late 1950s
- Dustin Hodge, television writer and producer, lives in Pueblo
- Bat Masterson, newspaperman, former sheriff of South Pueblo
- John Meston, co-creator and script writer of CBS Western television series Gunsmoke
- E. J. Peaker, actress, star of Hello Dolly, graduated from Centennial High School in 1958
- Blaine L. Reininger, internationally acclaimed singer and musician of proto-punk and new wave. Co-founder of Tuxedomoon
- Kelly Reno, child actor from the Academy Award-nominated film The Black Stallion and its sequel
- Charles Rocket, Saturday Night Live cast member, formerly a news anchor in Pueblo
- Dan Rowan, star of Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In, lived in McClelland Orphanage in Pueblo and graduated from Pueblo Central High School
- Damon Runyon, newspaperman and playwright; author of Guys and Dolls. Mentioned Pueblo in many of his newspaper columns
- Connie Sawyer, actress
- Rose Siggins, actress
- Lise Simms, actress, singer, designer and dancer
- Wanda Tuchock, writer, producer, film pioneer
- Michael K. White, writer
- Grant Withers, Hollywood actor, from the silents to the 1950s
- Ledger Wood, philosopher
- The Haunted Windchimes, recipients of 2011 and 2012 Indy Music Awards in Americana and Best Album categories
- Dax Charles, Division II National Wrestling Champion competing for University of Southern Colorado now known as CSU Pueblo, CSU Pueblo Wrestling Coach
- Earl (Dutch) Clark, professional football player 1934–1938, charter member of Pro Football Hall of Fame, graduated from Pueblo Central High School
- John Davis, Major League Baseball pitcher (1987–1990)
- Tony Falkenstein, pro football fullback and quarterback
- Dave Feamster, ice hockey player who played for the Chicago Blackhawks and businessman
- John Gill, world-famous climber, father of modern bouldering; taught at University of Southern Colorado (CSU–Pueblo)
- Luke Hochevar, Major League Baseball pitcher (2007–present). Raised in Fowler, Colorado
- Kimberly Kim, professional golfer, youngest player to win the U.S. Women's Amateur
- Gary Knafelc, professional football player (1954–1963)
- Turk Lown, Major League Baseball pitcher (1951–1962)
- Bob McGraw, Major League Baseball pitcher (1917-1929), buried in Pueblo
- Tony Mendes, PBR bull rider
- Joe Pannunzio, college football administrator, player and coach.
- Frank Papish, Major League Baseball pitcher (1945 to 1950); deputy sheriff after baseball career
- Ken Ramos, Major League Baseball outfielder
- Marty Servo, Welterweight Champion of the World, retired to Pueblo
- Kory Sperry, NFL tight end; attended Pueblo County High School
- Cedric Tillman, professional football player
- George Zaharias, professional wrestler, husband of Babe Didrikson
- William J. Crawford, Medal of Honor recipient for his service in World War II
- Warren C. Dockum, Medal of Honor recipient for his service in the American Civil War. Buried in Pueblo
- Drew Dennis Dix, Medal of Honor recipient for his service in the Vietnam War
- Raymond G. Murphy, Medal of Honor recipient for his service in the Korean War
- Carl L. Sitter, Medal of Honor recipient for his service in the Korean War
- Cathay Williams, first African-American woman to enlist in the United States Army, and the only person documented to have served while posing as a man
- Jim Bishop, creator of Bishop Castle
- Nona L. Brooks, leader in the New Thought movement and a founder of the Church of Divine Science
- Mary Babnik Brown, donated her hair during World War II to make Norden bombsights for United States military bomber aircraft
- Dan DeRose, businessman and college football player
- Charles Goodnight, legendary Texas cattleman, lived in Pueblo in the 1870s
- Benjamin Guggenheim, lived in Pueblo from 1888 to 1894. Perished aboard the Titanic in 1912
- Simon Guggenheim, oversaw father's mining and smelting operations in Colorado
- Bridey Murphy, "subject" of groundbreaking hypnotic therapeutic science
- David Packard, co-founder of Hewlett-Packard computers, considered the "Father of Silicon Valley", Graduated from Pueblo Centennial High School
- William Jackson Palmer, founder of Colorado Fuel and Iron and the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad
- Robert M. Stillman, U.S. Air Force general
Pueblo in popular culture
- Pueblo as a frontier town is the setting for Louis L'Amour's 1981 western novel Milo Talon.
- Many of the scenes in Terrence Malick's 1973 opus Badlands were filmed in and around Pueblo. The film was subsequently selected for preservation by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
- Pueblo and its Central High School is mentioned in Thomas Pynchon's 2006 historical novel Against the Day.
- Food Wars, a series on cable television's Travel Channel, came to Pueblo to stage a contest between the Sunset Inn's and Gray's Coors Tavern's versions of the slopper. The episode first aired in August 2010.
- Pueblo is portrayed as the city where MacGruber is laid to rest in 2000 in the 2010 film that bears his name.
- In the South Park episode "The Losing Edge", Pueblo is one of the towns with which the South Park team competes.
- Many of the Colorado and Kansas scenes of the 1983 film National Lampoon's Vacation were filmed in and around Pueblo. Highway 50 East of Pueblo is the site of Cousin Eddie's house and the hotel in "Creede" Colorado is actually near St. Mary Corwin Hospital.
- The 1980s film Curse of the Blue Lights was set in Pueblo and was filmed on location.
- Little Britches Rodeo, a series on RFD-TV was filmed in Pueblo for the first 4 seasons.
- Pueblo is mentioned on episode 3 of season 4 in the Nickelodeon show the Brothers Garcia
- Outline of Colorado
- Pueblo Levee Mural Project
- State of Colorado
- Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
- "Official Website of Pueblo Colorado". Official Website of Pueblo Colorado. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
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- Severance, Ryan (February 1, 2019). "Gradisar sworn in as Pueblo mayor". The Pueblo Chieftain.
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- List of Combined Statistical Areas
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- "Pueblo home prices keep climbing". The Pueblo Chieftain. May 11, 2018. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
- Meek-Beck, Kenzie (January 27, 2015). "Pueblo - 6th most affordable place to live in America". koaa.com. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- "AARP the Magazine Reveals 2013 List of Best Places to Live the Good Life for Under $30k". Retrieved February 20, 2017.
- Broadhead (1995). Fort Pueblo. 1.
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- Lecompte, Janet (1978). Pueblo, Hardscrabble, Greenhorn: The Upper Arkansas, 1832-1856. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 35–53, 54–62, 63–85, 246–253. ISBN 0-8061-1462-2.
Sometime during the winter of 1841-42 George Simpson and Robert Fisher met with other men and planned the Pueblo.
- Dodds (1982). Pueblo. 16, 23.
- Aschermann (1994). Winds in the Cornfields. p. 51.
- Dodds (1994). They All Came To Pueblo. p. 168.
- Dodds (1982). Pueblo. 54, 63.
- "Pueblo: a Glimpse of Life in Southern Colorado". Chicago Tribune. April 16, 1873.
- "Pueblo has Been Developed into Great Steel City by Vast Industry of the Colorado Fuel and Iron Co". Christian Science Monitor. September 17, 1909.
- "Sacred Heart Orphanage bought by the Pueblo Housing Authority". Rocky Mountain News. May 29, 1988.
- "Russian steel giant to buy Oregon Steel - Pueblo Chieftain: Metro". Chieftain.com. 2006-11-21. Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-05-26.
- "Slow to rebound, Pueblo is redefining its economic image". The Denver Post. December 5, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- "About Us". State of Colorado. 2015. Archived from the original on October 9, 2014. Retrieved 2015-03-31.
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- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Irate Farmers Pressing Demands". The Herald Journal. Associated Press. September 23, 1977. p. A2. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
- "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2019-09-04.
- "WMO Climate Normals for Pueblo/Memorial AP, CO 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "Station Name: CO PUEBLO MEMORIAL AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2019-09-04.
- "Pueblo city, Colorado". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Annual Estimates". June 21, 2006. Archived from the original on July 10, 2009.
- "State & County QuickFacts - Pueblo (city), Colorado". census.gov. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
- Svaldi, Aldo (August 20, 2015). "Broomfield firm to build Colorado's largest solar farm near Pueblo". The Denver Post. Retrieved June 18, 2017.
- Norton, John (2009-06-11). "Another solar provider eyes empty depot land". Chieftain.com. Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved 2011-03-11.
- Worthington, Danika (2017-02-17). "Pueblo commits to 100 percent renewable energy". Denverpost.com. Retrieved 2017-02-20.
- Mestas, Anthony A (2018-04-23). "Pueblo County commissioners join 100 percent renewable energy by 2035 vision". Pueblo Chieftain. Retrieved 2018-09-22.
- "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report". Pueblo.US. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
- "Pueblo Chile & Frijoles Festival". Retrieved 2014-07-09.
- "Pueblo, CO Historic Sites Tour". www.pueblo.us/. Retrieved August 30, 2014.
- "Earl (Dutch) Clark". NFL Hall of Fame. National Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
- "Earl "Dutch" Clark". Colorado Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
- Lewis, Shanna. "Pueblo's Bell Game: The Zenith Of A High School Football Rivalry That's Lasted 125 Years". Colorado Public Radio. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
- "Professional Bull Riders, Inc. Moves into new World Headquarters in Pueblo". PBR. PBR press release. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
- Rolstad, Skylar (21 December 2014). "A part of 'something special'". NCAA.org. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
- "Council Members". Pueblo.US. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
- Severance, Ryan (11 March 2019). "Davenport officiall deputy Pueblo mayor". Chieftain.com. The Pueblo Chieftain. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
- Roper, Peter (7 November 2017). "Pueblo voters backing strong mayor plan". The Pueblo Chieftain. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
- Rogers, Zahria (16 October 2017). "Pueblo to vote on strong mayor form of government". CSIndy.com. Colorado Springs Independent. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
- Beedie, Dan (15 November 2018). "Pueblo mayoral runoff: It's Gradisar versus Nawrocki". KRDO.com. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
- City of Pueblo official website
- "Scott Tipton". Ballotpedia. Retrieved 2019-09-22.
- "Police Department". Pueblo.us. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
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- CSUPueblo.edu https://www.csupueblo.edu/about/index.html. Retrieved 22 February 2019. Missing or empty
- "CSU-Pueblo claims Division II title". espn.com. Associated Press. 20 December 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
- "Colorado State University--Pueblo Overview". USNews.com. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
- PuebloCC.edu https://www.pueblocc.edu. Retrieved 22 February 2019. Missing or empty
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- "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Pueblo County, CO." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on July 2, 2017.
- Beck, Kathy Bribari. "Reunion planned for Pueblo Catholic High Class of ‘65." Roman Catholic Diocese of Pueblo. July 2015. Retrieved on July 2, 2017. "celebrates its 50th reunion this fall, Sept. 11 to 13, some 40 years since all Pueblo’s Catholic schools closed." - The article was published in 2015 so all Catholic schools would have closed by 1975.
- "Directory of Schools". Roman Catholic Diocese of Pueblo. 2017-07-02.
- "Home". Evergrowth Media LLC. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
- "2012 Arbitron Radio Metro Map" (PDF). Arbitron. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
- "Metro Survey Area Rankings and Population" (PDF). Market Survey Schedule & Population Rankings. Arbitron. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
- "Radio Stations in Pueblo, Colorado". Radio-Locator. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
- "AMQ AM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Archived from the original on 2009-08-25. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
- "FMQ FM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
- "Local Television Market Universe Estimates" (PDF). Nielsen Media Research. 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
- Jesse Paul, 'Denver Post,' July 7, 2016 "Proposed Southwest Chief stop in Pueblo could mean $1.4 million in tickets, Amtrak says" https://www.denverpost.com/2016/07/07/amtrak-pueblo-stop-southwest-chief-train/
- Streamliner schedules, 'Texas Zephyr' http://www.streamlinerschedules.com/concourse/track9/texzephyr196009.html
- "Museum History". Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum. Archived from the original on 2013-04-15. Retrieved 2017-01-17.
- "Pueblo Regional Development Plan: Final Adoption Draft" (PDF). September 11, 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 7, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
- Goodstein, Laurie (June 23, 2005). "Air Force Academy Staff Found Promoting Religion". The New York Times. Retrieved July 25, 2017.
- "Montana Governor John Ezra Rickards". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
- "About Kent Haruf". honorkentharuf.org. 2015-03-12. Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
- Yardley, William (2 December 2014). "Kent Haruf, Acclaimed Novelist of Small-Town Life, Is Dead at 71". NYTimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- Pompia, John. "Puebloan Dustin Hodge's rodeo-based TV series in its seventh year". The Pueblo Chieftain. Retrieved 2019-10-18.
- Roper, Peter (August 30, 2010). "State Fair salutes soldiers and airmen". The Pueblo Chieftain. Pueblo, Colorado. Archived from the original on September 1, 2010.
- Strescino, Peter (January 7, 2011). "Governor pardons Joe Arridy". Pueblo Chieftain. Archived from the original on January 19, 2013. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
- L'Amour, Louis (2004-08-03). Milo Talon. Random House Publishing Group. ISBN 9780553899481.
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- Chapman, Jessica (2010-04-20). "Travel Channel's Food Wars takes on Pueblo sloppers". Westword. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
- O'Neal, Sean. "Will Forte". Film. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
- The Losing Edge - Official South Park Studios Wiki, retrieved 2018-02-21
- "National Lampoon's Vacation Movie Filming Locations - The 80s Movies Rewind". www.fast-rewind.com. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
- "Curse of the Blue Lights – USA, 1988". HORRORPEDIA. 2017-12-16. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
- "Edmond, Oklahoma - Lazy E Arena Keeps Busy Hosting Premier Youth Rodeo". www.sportsdestinations.com. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
- "Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Colorado". 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. June 21, 2006. Archived from the original (CSV) on October 15, 2006. Retrieved November 16, 2006.
- Aschermann, Arla (1994). Winds in the Cornfields: Pueblo County, Colorado 1787 – 1872 (Third ed.). Pueblo, Colorado: Pueblo County Historical Society. ISBN 0-915617-15-3.
- Broadhead, Edward (1995). Fort Pueblo (Fourth ed.). Pueblo, Colorado: Pueblo County Historical Society. ISBN 0-915617-01-3.
- Buckles, William G. (2006). The Search for El Pueblo: Through Pueblo to El Pueblo – An Archaeological Summary (Second ed.). Pueblo, Colorado: Colorado Historical Society. ISBN 978-0-942576-48-1.
- Dodds, Joanne West (1982). Pueblo: A Pictorial History. Virginia Beach, Virginia: Donning. ISBN 0-89865-281-2.
- Dodds, Joanne West (1994). They All Came To Pueblo: A Social History. Virginia Beach, Virginia: Donning. ISBN 0-89865-908-6.
- Lecompte, Janet (1978). Pueblo, Hardscrabble, Greenhorn: Society on the High Plains, 1832—1856. Norman, US: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-1723-0.
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