PuTTY (/ˈpʌti/)[3] is a free and open-source terminal emulator, serial console and network file transfer application. It supports several network protocols, including SCP, SSH, Telnet, rlogin, and raw socket connection. It can also connect to a serial port. The name "PuTTY" has no official meaning.[4]

A screenshot of PuTTY running under Ubuntu MATE
Developer(s)Simon Tatham
Initial releaseJanuary 8, 1999 (1999-01-08)[1]
Stable release
0.73 / September 29, 2019 (2019-09-29)[2]
Written inC
Operating systemMicrosoft Windows, macOS, Linux
TypeTerminal emulator
LicenseMIT license

PuTTY was originally written for Microsoft Windows, but it has been ported to various other operating systems. Official ports are available for some Unix-like platforms, with work-in-progress ports to Classic Mac OS and macOS, and unofficial ports have been contributed to platforms such as Symbian,[5][6] Windows Mobile and Windows Phone.

PuTTY was written and is maintained primarily by Simon Tatham, a British programmer.


PuTTY supports many variations on the secure remote terminal, and provides user control over the SSH encryption key and protocol version, alternate ciphers such as AES, 3DES, Arcfour, Blowfish, DES, and Public-key authentication. PuTTY supports SSO through GSSAPI, including user provided GSSAPI DLLs. It also can emulate control sequences from xterm, VT220, VT102 or ECMA-48 terminal emulation, and allows local, remote, or dynamic port forwarding with SSH (including X11 forwarding). The network communication layer supports IPv6, and the SSH protocol supports the zlib@openssh.com delayed compression scheme. It can also be used with local serial port connections.

PuTTY comes bundled with command-line SCP and SFTP clients, called "pscp" and "psftp" respectively, and plink, a command-line connection tool, used for non-interactive sessions.[7]

PuTTY does not support session tabs directly, but many wrappers are available that do.[8]


PuTTY development began late during year 1998,[1] and was a usable SSH-2 client by October 2000.[9][10]


PuTTY consists of several components:

  • PuTTY: the Telnet, rlogin, and SSH client itself, which can also connect to a serial port
  • PSCP: an SCP client, i.e. command-line secure file copy. Can also use SFTP to perform transfers
  • PSFTP: an SFTP client, i.e. general file transfer sessions much like FTP
  • PuTTYtel: a Telnet-only client
  • Plink: a command-line interface to the PuTTY back ends. Usually used for SSH Tunneling
  • Pageant: an SSH authentication agent for PuTTY, PSCP and Plink
  • PuTTYgen: an RSA, DSA, ECDSA and EdDSA key generation utility
  • pterm: (Unix version only) an X11 client which supports the same terminal emulation as PuTTY


In 2009, Justin James of TechRepublic cited its reliability, cost, cross-platform support, and features as positives. He faulted complex configuration, extended beta testing, and lack of support for scripting.[11] J. Peter Bruzzese of InfoWorld included it in his list of 15 Essential Open Source Tools for Windows Admins and wrote that its imitators are not as good.[12]

See also


  1. Earliest documented release
  2. PuTTY version 0.73 is released
  3. Putty FAQ – Pronunciation
  4. "PuTTY FAQ". [PuTTY is] the name of a popular SSH and Telnet client. Any other meaning is in the eye of the beholder. It's been rumoured that ‘PuTTY’ is the antonym of ‘getty’, or that it's the stuff that makes your Windows useful, or that it's a kind of plutonium Teletype. We couldn't possibly comment on such allegations.
  5. PuTTY for Symbian OS
  6. Forum Nokia Wiki – PuTTY for Symbian OS Archived 16 July 2012 at Archive.today
  7. Barrett, Daniel; Silverman, Richard; Byrnes, Robert (2005). SSH, The Secure Shell: The Definitive Guide. O'Reilly Media. pp. 577–579. ISBN 9780596008956.
  8. PuTTY Features: Session tabs
  9. PuTTY FAQ: Does PuTTY support SSH-2?
  10. PuTTY Change Log
  11. James, Justin (6 August 2009). "Review: PuTTY terminal application". TechRepublic. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  12. Bruzzese, J. Peter (8 December 2014). "15 essential open source tools for Windows admins". InfoWorld. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.